Bangladesh Floods, 1998
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Bangladesh Floods, 1998 There are a number of reasons why Bangladesh is prone to flooding. Firstly, most of Bangladesh is a flood plain or a delta (not an estuary, a delta is a river mouth that differs in many ways). Bangladesh is at the mouth of two extremely large rivers; the Ganges and the Brahmaputra. The country is mostly (seventy percent) less than 1m above sea level, making the land very wet (ten percent of Bangladesh is covered in swamps and marsh land). These floods happened throughout 1998, particularly between the months of July and September. The floods were triggered by heavy monsoon rains and water from the mountains and river catchment areas in neighbouring countries, as the drainage basin that Bangladesh in is huge.
The loss was estimated at around 2,000,000,000 US $ (two billion U.S. dollars, yet is more in today's currency due to inflation). A report from the World Bank predicts a fall in Bangladesh's GDP (Gross Domestic Product) growth rate from 5.6% (in 1997) to just 3%. Industrial and agricultural produce for export was seriously reduced, which lowered the GNP (Gross National Product) of Bangladesh severely, decreasing the amount of money the government can spend on the development of infrastructure. Of the crops that weren't damaged, very few farmers were able to farm these and export them due to the fact that there has been outbreaks of diseases such as acute diarrhoea which has affected 185,000 and killed 151.
etc.), 64,000 water containers (jugs, mugs etc.), 64,000 sarees (type of women's clothing), over 1,235 metric tons of dal and 4,400 metric tons of rice. Distribution of food continued into early 1999. Despite this aid, Bangladesh still has a huge loss of GNP and GDP due to these floods, which means they cannot develop infrastructure such as schools to educate the children of today. This has long term affects on the countries GNP/GDP, as when the children are adults they are likely to get a low paid job because of their lack of education. The crops from the seeds that were given didn't bear crops until January-February 1999, so continued distribution of food was important throughout early 1999.
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