• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

China's one child policy

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

China's One Child Policy Why was it needed? The answer to this question is quite simple as China was over populated and it was increasing rapidly. The government were forced to do something about it or else the people would starve leading into much bigger consequences. Their solution was to enforce the one child policy. In detail China's one child policy was created by Deng Xiaoping because of the large population; 300 million people were born over 20 years. The population would have been a lot bigger if female babies were wanted. From this graph we can see that the population in China increased lots from 1950 to 1995, where as Europe has not. This shows why China had to bring in the one child policy. Even after that though China's Population is still growing rapidly. When Enforced? This policy was enforced at a time when it was vitally needed to keep China stable. The policy was introduced in 1978 and initially applied to first-born children in 1979. ...read more.

Middle

Local officials would be promoted according to their successful application of the policy. This encouraged them to use harsh strategies with their local population. Enforcing the policy has also been inconsistent. In some areas the policy was ignored, while in others people were punished harshly for having an extra pregnancy e.g. taking away the family's live stock until the woman has an abortion. Some authorities declined to issue birth certificate for any additional child. This was sometimes used as a political tool against families of dissidents even if they had one child only. The policy created the scandalous term of "black permit children". Those are the undocumented children who have been raised in secret. Some estimate the number of such children to be in the range of six millions. How was it enforced? The policy was enforced through a mixture of promotions, financial inducements and punishment measures. Posters promoting China's one-child policy could be seen all over China. One, with the slogan "China Needs Family Planning" showed a Communist official praising the proud parents of one baby girl. ...read more.

Conclusion

Parents with extra children could be fined, depending on the region, from $370 to $12,800 (many times the average annual income for many ordinary Chinese). If the fine was not paid sometimes the couples land was taken away, their house was destroyed, they lost their jobs or the child was not allowed to attend school. Sometimes punishment reached unimaginable levels. For example, detaining pregnant women in a psychiatric hospital, torturing pregnant women, forcing parents to get sterilised and even sending family members to prison until pregnant relative agrees to have an abortion. Was it a success? The one-child policy has been spectacularly successful in reducing population growth, particularly in the cities. In 1970 the average woman in China had almost six (5.8) children, now she has about two. The most dramatic changes took place between 1970 and 1980 when the birth rate dropped from 44 per 1000 to 18 per 1,000. One Chinese official said the one-child policy has prevented 300 million births, the equivalent of the population of Europe. The reduction of population has helped pull people out of poverty and been a factor in China's phenomenal economic growth. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Human Geography section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Here's what a teacher thought of this essay

3 star(s)

This case study contains lots of relevant information about the one child policy in China. It considers the main ideas and points are supported with relevant facts and figures. It could be improved by giving some more recent updates on the current policy, and by considering alternative approaches which the government could have used to manage their population and resources.

Marked by teacher Nigel Fisher 16/02/2012

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Human Geography essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    How can urban living be sustainable

    4 star(s)

    On top of all this there are cars (private transport). In Curitiba, Brazil there main transport is buses. Curitiba has an extremely effective public transport service because buses are on separate roads from cars to avoid traffic and delays. Also so many people use them; it can afford to have cheap prices.

  2. Investigating the Spheres of influence between two major shopping centres.

    we can initially see that the vast majority of people shopping at Castlepoint are aged between 41 plus. At Winton, there are approximately 50% of people aged below 40 and approximately 50% aged over 40. This would initially indicate the Winton targets an even spread of customers.

  1. Economic, Social and Environmental impacts of tourism in the Lake District.

    This can occur when there are to many people using the footpaths continuously, and with 87% of visitors to the Lake District using footpaths it is easy to see how this can happen in the national park. Footpath erosion can cause huge scars on the landscape, which are now so large they can be seen on satellite pictures.

  2. What impact has tourism had on the people and the environment of Jamaica?

    This is because I actually followed the structure below, so that I would be able to put relevant and detailed information in an organized order, and used many reliable facts supported by official organization such as WTO (World Tourism Organization)

  1. GCSE Geography Settlement Coursework

    (This is an original hypothesis). Justification - The Claredon Centre is right next to Cornmarket Street, in the Central Business District, which attracts the biggest amount of people in Oxford. This means that any shops in the Claredon Centre should expect to have more customers so should have more staff.

  2. Does the Bentalls Shopping Centre in Kingston Upon Thames meet the needs of the ...

    Shop Type Tally Total Food 15 Household items 8 Clothes 24 Personal items 8 Other 5 When eating at a shopping mall, which type of facility would you most like to eat in? Facility Tally Total Fast Food 23 Cafeteria 23 Restaurant 10 When visiting a shopping mall do you expect and desire there to be chain stores?

  1. To investigate downstream changes in Loughton Brook

    Suspension Finer particles are carried in the river flow. This happens in all three sites of Loughton Brook. Solution Minerals are dissolved in the water. For example chalk and limestone. This can not be seen by the naked eye. This happens in all three sites of Loughton Brook. The River Profile The long profile of a river shows a steep gradient at the source.

  2. Discuss the problems of the Central Business Districts of MEDC cities. Suggest solutions to ...

    That way more people might start to travel by busses, as they will see that it is quicker. This will result in the number of cars on the road to decrease. The second chief problem the CBD is facing is pollution.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work