China's One Child Policy

Authors Avatar by maitri_12 (student)

China’s One Child Policy

China, a beautiful country in the Far East, host of gorgeous mountainsides and plains, plagued with the problem of overpopulation. In and around the 1980s the population reached one billion. More than one out of ten people in the world back then were Chinese. With a current estimated 1.4billion people living in China, something needed to be done in order to lower the birth rates and control the fast growing population. The solution the Chinese government came up with was the one child policy. They set up a number penalties and benefits in order to encourage the Chinese people to cooperate with this policy.   The predicted outcome was to reduce the birth rates and reduce their population, which was ultimately affecting the Chinese economy.

The one child policy is a limitation on most families which is considered in the Chinese government the family planning policy. It restricts the number of children married urban couples can have to only one child. In some cases, rich Chinese families pay a certain fee to the government if they want to have a second child.

China's one child policy was established by Chinese leader Deng Xiaoping in 1979 to limit communist China's population growth. The reason to why China came into the population crisis was that people in China chose to have such large families because of the high mortality rates of their kids; they would not even live past the age of five. Families perceived that out of those ten kids only half of them would live, and so to have as many as they could to ensure that at least some of their kids would survive. As time passed people still held these beliefs, however medical innovations and better health care helped extend the lives of those kids, consequently those families that decided to have many kids in order to ensure the lives of a few kids were now realizing that all their kids were living and they were left raising all six to ten kids. This is how the population in China became an excess and ultimately started to affect the country.

Exceptions to the rule also exist in rural parts of china for the following categories of family:

Join now!

  • When both parents are only children, they are allowed to have two children;
  • If one of the parents is disabled;
  • If the first child is born severely disabled;
  • If the first child dies;
  • First child is a girl;
  • When “practical difficulties” exist that make having more than one child necessary, as when there is a lot of farm work that must be accomplished and the family needs extra workers;

This prevented too dramatic of a population decrease. However, if you are in the larger cities and are a Han, the one child policy is still ...

This is a preview of the whole essay