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The aim of this project is to define the boundary of the CBD of Stamford through an investigation with the use of both primary and secondary data.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Introduction The aim of this project is to define the boundary of the CBD of Stamford through an investigation with the use of both primary and secondary data. Hypothesis: These are a few hypotheses on which my investigation would be focused and based on: 1. Number of Pedestrians will increase towards the CBD 2. There will be more parking restrictions towards the CBD 3. There will be less residential and more commercial land use towards the CBD 4. The shopping quality and street appearance will improve towards the CBD 5. There will be more street furniture and CCTV cameras towards the CBD The Central Business District Before going further, it is important that we have a complete understanding of what a CBD is. CBD is the central area and the focal point of a city or town. It is the commercial, retail, social and cultural centre with a large concentration of shops, public buildings, offices and various entertainments. These are some of the main characteristics of the CBD: 1. It is usually the geographical centre and the oldest part of a settlement 2. It is very accessible as there is a convergence of public transport networks and roads to allow larger threshold of customers. 3. Due to its accessibility, it has a high population density and this result in high land values. 4. The high land values encourage the developoment of taller buildings to save precious land space and money. 5. The high land values also means that there will be less residential settlement as people either cannot or are not willing to pay the high rent in the CBD. However, there are a few luxurious residential flats or houses for those who could afford to do so. ...read more.

Middle

As a result, shops in some parts of the CBD might be forced to close down. The land use in these parts of the CBD might turn residential, creating a zone of discard. Geographical location and history Stamford is a small ancient town in Lincolnshire approximately 100 miles north of London. It is rather close to Peterborough, approximately 14 miles away. Situated near A43, A16 and A1, it is a very accessible place. It has population of 18,000 with a recorded history well over 1000 years. Started as a Danish settlement, Stamford became renowned for its glazed wheel-thrown pottery. Then, it prospered with an economy mainly based on wool under the Normans, due to its convenient location and its connection with the North Sea with the river Welland. It became an inland trading port because of its accessibility. Due to it being located in a low lying valley, it has the rich alluvial soil vital for agricultural purposes. The river also provides reliable water supply for the locals. In the 15th century, the wool industry moved towards East Anglia and Stamford's industry declined. Now, Stamford is a peaceful and attractive town with historical buildings. It has over 600 listed buildings, the majority of the county Lincolnshire. Most buildings are built in the 18th century; therefore they are mainly Georgian and Jacobean. Stamford has an industry mainly based on services and tourism, although there are still some agricultural activities. Justification of the project As settlement is part of the GCSE Specification, an attempt to investigate and delimit the CBD of Stamford is a useful exercise to reinforce our knowledge on this topic. It is also rather straight forward and does not too much time. ...read more.

Conclusion

E Safety for pedestrians 1 = very safe 3 = busy street with zebra crossing 5 = high risk- busy street with no crossing. F Shopping crowds 1 = very busy- large no. of shoppers 5 = very quiet- few shoppers G Street cleanliness 1 = very clean - no litter 5 = very dirty/ litter problem H Exterior appearance of shops 1 = well-maintained property 5 = poorly-maintained/ drab I Traffic/ pedestrian segregation 1 = pedestrian street/ precinct 2 = buses only route 3 = open to all traffic- no parking 4 = open to all traffic- limited parking 5 = main traffic route-no parking restriction J Vacant premises 1 = all premises occupied 5 = many vacant premises/ cleared sites Parking restriction, CCTV cameras and street furniture Areas with parking restrictions, street furnitures and CCTV cameras are marked out on a map in both the transects and the central area. This is based on the hypothesis that parking restrictions, number of CCTV cameras and amount of street furniture forms a negative correlation to the distance away from the CBD. Secondary data Apart from the primary data collected personally within our groups, data from other groups will also included in this project to give a complete picture of results. With the aid of these secondary data, we could make a more accurate analysis on delmiting the CBD of Stamford. These data are all put together onto a goad map. Other data such as land uses might also be obtainable from the Internet. Data collected by students in previous years might also be useful when showing the parking restrictions and the street furnitures. In addition, photos and maps from the school geography department will be helpful in presentation of the collected data. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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