• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Drinking small amount of alcohol during pregnancy can cause a large amount of harm to the health of the un-born baby. Drinking whilst pregnant causes Foetal Alcohol syndrome

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Kanji Halai Psychology Block D Article Headline: "Two glasses of wine a week still safe for pregnant women" The Guardian dated Tuesday 14th September 2004 The article is based on the amount of alcohol that is considered as being safe for a woman during pregnancy. Using background information and statistics the article makes it clear that the safest amount is NO alcohol! Drinking small amount of alcohol during pregnancy can cause a large amount of harm to the health of the un-born baby. Drinking whilst pregnant causes Foetal Alcohol syndrome. Children with FAS may have problems with learning, memory, and so much more, it affects the basic structure of the brain and the way in which it processes information. It can also cause the child at later stages to have problems in school and problems getting along with their friends and family. A study this relates to is Hodges and Tizard. Although this was a social and family relationship of ex-institutional adolescents it is clear that the symptoms that child have in the case of FAS and ex-institutional children are similar. A similar study could be done on FAS children, as results can be collected and generalised and making us more aware of the symptoms. ...read more.

Middle

Example, everyone from work is going for a drink, you usually go, and if you were not to on this occasion you feel as though the next day you will be socially unaccepted. Although this isn't always the case, people do think about it in their unconscious mind and unaware of why they put their social life first. Once they are there they become tempted to have that one drink and once they do it on that one occasion they tend to have a drink when socialising, and without realising it the damage is being done to the health of the child. Psychological factors, and peer pressure may influence adolescents' attitudes to alcohol. Personality factors, such as impulsiveness and sensation-seeking, may influence to alcoholism. Many young people think that drinking alcohol is a sign of growing up and becoming an adult it also socially creates a subjective norm in individuals that the behaviour is appropriate and desirable, McCarty describes this (1985) (see appendix 3). Teenage pregnancies occur as a result of having unprotected sex whilst drunk, being teenager go to more parties, drink more and when they do find out they are pregnant they alcohol has already got in the foetus and could have damaged the child. ...read more.

Conclusion

Overall any positive approach to help insure that no alcohol is consumed. This is the only safe way to insure that the un-born child does not suffer because their parent was not physically and mentally able to control the amount of alcohol they drank. They need to be Internal Locus controlled, which is when they can control there health behaviour and everything else they do. Appendix - 1 Organ (1996) has an interesting review of attitudes to alcohol use and addictions over time, and how these have changed in relation to prevailing social values. 2 Tajfel looked into social influences and his theory was that it is possible to create discrimination (in-group favouritism and out-group negative bias) even when no prejudice exists. 3 McCarty describes this (1985). Young people often have their early sexual experiences when under the influence of alcohol and a lot of teenage pregnancies occur as a result of having unprotected sex whilst drunk. 4 Kostum & Lang 1975 describes that in the case of negative reinforcement women may use alcohol to reduce the unpleasant situation as they find it reduces the level of stress that may be caused by family, friends and work. 5 Bridge et al (1988) described how imagery was used to help reduce the unpleasant emotional consequences of radiotherapy for women who have breast cancer. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Why family structures are changing.

    His social needs are very limited while he can have a conversation at home with his father he does not like going to the pub he doesn't drink or smoke, and the Smokey environment makes Jakes eyes hurt, so he is never in a pub, or club.

  2. Definition & Causes - Cerebral Palsy.

    There are some possible medical treatments such as, special exercises, biofeedback, prescription drugs, surgery, or implanted devices to replace or aid muscles. Patients can also find specially designed undergarments to help with the situation. (NIH) Drooling can also be a side affliction connected with CP, often causing severe skin irritation

  1. Health and Social care

    Meeting the care needs of individuals Care Most importantly the nursery provides care for children while their parents are at work or otherwise engaged. The nursery provides for ages 0-4 and then children up to the age of 10 attend an after school club.

  2. Substance Use During Pregnancy

    This allows for the fetus to be exposed to more alcohol. Women, who become pregnant in their older years, tend to believe consuming alcohol will not be harmful. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome is the leading known cause of mental retardation and birth defects.

  1. "The use of innocence in literature is never innocent" How far do you agree ...

    or her family, and to question the validity of the concept of the family in view of the way it affects the children. Indeed, the child's first view of life and of the world is through the family, and both Desai and Roy seem to question its advantages.

  2. Fetal Alcohol Syndrome.

    A cleft palate is a defect that occurs in the eighth to twelfth week of life. A cleft palate is a hole in the roof of the mouth. It occurs when the palates on both sides of the roof of the mouth fail to fuse with each other, the nasal septum, or with the primary palate.

  1. This assignment will discuss and critically analyse maternal welfare, observing the effects of alcohol ...

    Subsequently substance abuse can be both biological and social. Furthermore, in pregnancy it has been linked to cognitive and interactional difficulties, more severe problem such as small head size low birth weight. This in turn could bring about long-term effects of drug misuse on family social circumstances the parents ability to care for the child.

  2. The Reasons Behind Juvenile Crime

    two thirds of criminal children have witnessed their mothers being beaten in front of them. In an attempt to identify the reason behind this statistical information, I carried out a phone interview with a Nadia Bakir, a Toronto psychologist, who stated that: "Between the age of six and ten, most

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work