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Drinking small amount of alcohol during pregnancy can cause a large amount of harm to the health of the un-born baby. Drinking whilst pregnant causes Foetal Alcohol syndrome

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Introduction

Kanji Halai Psychology Block D Article Headline: "Two glasses of wine a week still safe for pregnant women" The Guardian dated Tuesday 14th September 2004 The article is based on the amount of alcohol that is considered as being safe for a woman during pregnancy. Using background information and statistics the article makes it clear that the safest amount is NO alcohol! Drinking small amount of alcohol during pregnancy can cause a large amount of harm to the health of the un-born baby. Drinking whilst pregnant causes Foetal Alcohol syndrome. Children with FAS may have problems with learning, memory, and so much more, it affects the basic structure of the brain and the way in which it processes information. It can also cause the child at later stages to have problems in school and problems getting along with their friends and family. A study this relates to is Hodges and Tizard. Although this was a social and family relationship of ex-institutional adolescents it is clear that the symptoms that child have in the case of FAS and ex-institutional children are similar. A similar study could be done on FAS children, as results can be collected and generalised and making us more aware of the symptoms. ...read more.

Middle

Example, everyone from work is going for a drink, you usually go, and if you were not to on this occasion you feel as though the next day you will be socially unaccepted. Although this isn't always the case, people do think about it in their unconscious mind and unaware of why they put their social life first. Once they are there they become tempted to have that one drink and once they do it on that one occasion they tend to have a drink when socialising, and without realising it the damage is being done to the health of the child. Psychological factors, and peer pressure may influence adolescents' attitudes to alcohol. Personality factors, such as impulsiveness and sensation-seeking, may influence to alcoholism. Many young people think that drinking alcohol is a sign of growing up and becoming an adult it also socially creates a subjective norm in individuals that the behaviour is appropriate and desirable, McCarty describes this (1985) (see appendix 3). Teenage pregnancies occur as a result of having unprotected sex whilst drunk, being teenager go to more parties, drink more and when they do find out they are pregnant they alcohol has already got in the foetus and could have damaged the child. ...read more.

Conclusion

Overall any positive approach to help insure that no alcohol is consumed. This is the only safe way to insure that the un-born child does not suffer because their parent was not physically and mentally able to control the amount of alcohol they drank. They need to be Internal Locus controlled, which is when they can control there health behaviour and everything else they do. Appendix - 1 Organ (1996) has an interesting review of attitudes to alcohol use and addictions over time, and how these have changed in relation to prevailing social values. 2 Tajfel looked into social influences and his theory was that it is possible to create discrimination (in-group favouritism and out-group negative bias) even when no prejudice exists. 3 McCarty describes this (1985). Young people often have their early sexual experiences when under the influence of alcohol and a lot of teenage pregnancies occur as a result of having unprotected sex whilst drunk. 4 Kostum & Lang 1975 describes that in the case of negative reinforcement women may use alcohol to reduce the unpleasant situation as they find it reduces the level of stress that may be caused by family, friends and work. 5 Bridge et al (1988) described how imagery was used to help reduce the unpleasant emotional consequences of radiotherapy for women who have breast cancer. ...read more.

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