• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Freud's psychodynamic theory.

Extracts from this document...


Freud's psychodynamic theory By Iram 6L Freud's theory is split into two parts, the theory of the mind and the instincts. The theory of the mind consists of the conscious and the unconscious. The instincts are the life instinct and the death instinct. In the unconscious is the ID where the instincts reside and it is concerned with self-gratification i.e. operating on the pleasure principle. In the conscious part of the mind are the superego and the ego. The superego develops via the oedipus complex and is our social conscience that threatens punishment, it is formed by parental and other significant influences such as culture or family. The ego is concerned with social rules i.e. ...read more.


repression - involuntary exclusion of conflicting thought or awareness, the most common defence mechanism. Another defence mechanism is denial, which is a non-acceptance of the external world (e.g. my husband is not dead). The second part of the life instinct is the psycho-sexual stages. They start at the oral phase (birth-15 months), then the anal phase (15 months-3 years) then the phallic stage(3-5 years) then the latency phase (5 years to puberty) and finally the genital phase (puberty onwards). The oral stage is when the infant gets sensual and sexual pleasure from sucking and when the child gets teeth the child gets the pleasure of biting. In the anal stage the child gets pleasure from retaining and releasing faeces. ...read more.


The latency stage of psycho-sexual development is the stage at which the sexual energies are diverted and used for cognitive and social development. The final stage, the genital stage, is the onset of puberty and the awakening of genital awareness. This stage sees the exploration of sexual activity with partners and there may be a break from parental authority as individuals establish their own adult relationships. The following through of these stages brings the optimum amount of gratification and psychological health. A fixation with any of these stages or a failure to resolve the oedipal complex can lead to neurotic behaviour depending on the type of fixation. Fixation is shown as regressing to behaviour typical of that stage e.g. smoking - oral stage. These problems can be dealt with through psycho-analysis. By Iram ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Child Development section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Child Development essays

  1. Why family structures are changing.

    There is however a number of negative aspects to using this service relating to the family, families who use this service may be subjected to hate crimes; the families may face abuse from other community members who do not agree with this service this is down to a prejudice attitude.

  2. Transactional Analysis and Games Theory

    The most common method of structuring time is dealing with the material of external reality - work or in social psychiatric terms "activity". Examples of activities are studying, typing, attending meetings, negotiating, etc. It can be seen from this that work activities can provide psychological satisfactions as well as material

  1. Aggression - Biological Theory vs Behaviorist Theory

    But the fact is that there isn't one cause. You need a particular environment imposed on a particular biology to turn a child into an aggressor. The dawning realization of the constant back-and-forth between nature and nurture has resurrected the search for the biological roots of violence (Harris, 1998).

  2. Development through the life stages

    They are convinced that everyone is watching them and judging them. They will be very concerned with body image; they will get self-esteem at low ebb. They will be sociable with adults, their friendships tend to be group-focused, more squabbling than what their would have been a year ago.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work