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Health and social level 3 Unit 12 Public Health

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´╗┐Lissa Williams Unit 12: Public Health Bryan Key aspects of public health The official definition public health is the science and art of preventing disease prolonging life and promoting health through the organised efforts of society. In 1988, a report by Sir Donald Acheson reflects the essential focus of modern public health- an emphasis on collective responsibility for health and prevention. Pass One ? Describe key aspects of public health in the UK Evidence activity Aspects of public health; Monitoring the health status of the population. The study of epidemiology is the study of disease in human population. It is particularly important in helping us to understand the spread of infectious diseases and how they can lead to epidemics. Tracking changes in the health of the population and alerting people to potential problems. For example, the rising levels of obesity within the population. Meaning of epidemiological data Life expectancy has risen so much mainly because of improved housing diets, sanitation and the decline in the way infectious diseases of epidemics kill people. Identifying the health needs of population Once trends and patterns are established, the likely implications for services can be identified, In relation to obesity, this means assessing likely increase in the need for diabetes support services. Developing programmes to reduce risk and screen for disease early on Attempting to reduce the levels of ill health by introducing new programmes that identify people as being ?at risk? of a condition and engaging them in preventative programmes. For example, a doctor identifying that someone is at risk of developing diabetes because of their obesity and referring them to a weight management programme for support in losing weight. Controlling communicable disease Reducing the impact of infectious disease through immunisation and other control measures. While there are obvious examples such as measles, mumps and rubella, this might also include food hygiene measures in restaurants and take-away to control the spread of food poisoning. ...read more.


for jobs, this could be a main reason why people are less motivated to work because they consider signing on for job seekers allowance is the better way to make money. Recession has also a big impact on employment because there is less jobs to hand out, or if already in jobs the pay has been decreased majorly. Tube suicides Tube suicides increase by 74% as recession worries hit home. There has been a marked increase since the global financial crisis in 2008. In 2007, 61 people threw themselves in front of Tube trains. By 2009 the annual figure had soared to 82, a 34 per cent increase. http://www.standard.co.uk/news/tube-suicides-increase-by-74-per-cent-as-recession-worries-hit-home-6366152.html Deaths on track Area N.o of suicides Kings Cross 18 Mile end 17 Victoria 16 Camden town 15 Archway 13 Liverpool st 13 Oxford st 12 Earls court 11 Euston 9 Rough sleepers The total amount of homeless which includes rough sleepers rose by 15 per cent in 2010/11 to 102.20, underlining fears that spending cuts and recession are driving up levels of homelessness. The government notices the rises, and is working to reduce the amount of rough sleepers in the UK. The number of rough sleepers on London streets has gone up to 43% in one year, a homeless charity said. http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/uk-england-london-18643340 Pass four ? Describe six factors that potentially affect health status in the Uk Physical environments The environment is all of physical and social conditions that surround a person and can influence that person?s health. Physical environment includes both your outdoor and indoor surroundings, the quality of air you breathe and the water you drink are important to your health. Being surrounded by for example, air pollution around you; this could lead to serious symptoms and conditions affecting human health or even heart disease and cancer. Living around many fast food restaurants has an effect of health status, as this could cause obesity and heart disease. ...read more.


http://www.guardian.co.uk/society/2012/may/31/sexually-transmitted-infection-rates-soar Meningitis Is a disease resulting from a bacterial infection caused by an organisation, which causes an inflammation of the lining of the brain. The disease is usually spread in droplets being coughed and sneezed into the air. Someone with bacterial meningitis will require urgent treatment in hospital. If they have severe meningitis, they may need to be treated in an intensive care unit. MRSA Is a bacteria found on the skin or in the nose of health people it is usually harmless although may get into the body and cause boils or even blood poisoning Staff was their hands before and after contact patients with MRSA should keep away from other patients. Staff should wear gloves and gowns which are discarded when leaving the room, all areas should be regularly and thoroughly cleaned. Salmonella poisoning Salmonella infections can be prevented by ensuring that all food is thoroughly cooked and that high standards of hygiene are maintained. The salmonella bacteria, attacks the stomach and intestines. In more serious cases, the bacteria may enter the lymph tracts, which carry water and protein to the blood, and the blood itself. Non-communicable disease The major cause of ill health associated with skin care is malignant melanoma or skin cancer. Skin cancer is distributed in the reverse patterns to other forms of cancer both regionally and by social class Diabetes In 2006, according to the world health organisation, at least 171 million people worldwide suffered from diabetes. The greatest increase in prevalence is Africa and Asia, where most patients will likely to be found by 2030. Africa and Asia has an increase in prevalence as their food contains a lot of salt which can result in diabetes and also other illnesses. Stroke Stroke is when the blood supply to part of the brain is interrupted. The part of the brain with disturbed blood supply no longer receives adequate oxygen and brain cells death or damage can result, impairing local brain function. ...read more.

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