• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Account for the popularity of Hitler and the Nazi regime in Germanyby 1939?

Extracts from this document...


Account for the popularity of Hitler and the Nazi regime in Germany by 1939? On January 30th 1933 Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, this however was not the position of power, which it appeared to be as only four of the fourteen members of the cabinet were Nazis. Hitler realised he was weak in this situation and needed to rectify it. So he called new elections within his first twenty-four hours in power. The aim of this was to give the Nazi party a majority within the Reichstag. Hitler believed that new elections could only serve to increase the Nazi vote and increase his profile within Germany. The elections took place on March 5th 1933 and the Nazis only increased their majority from 33.1 % to 43.9 %. This meant that they still did not have a majority in the Reichstag. This shows that Hitler did not have majority support in 1933 and yet by 1939 he was in an apparently unassailable position by 1939. I will go on to explain how this situation came about. The election in 1933 wasn't as simple as it looks, as Hitler used dirty tricks to win seats. The SA used violence and terror to break up socialist and communist meetings. Also the Nazi position was strengthened by a strange incident, which occurred on the night of 27th February 1933 five days before the election. ...read more.


The number of unemployed dropped dramatically from 6 million to about 500,000 in 1938. Other ways in which jobs were available was through the re-armament of the army, which they were doing secretly as it was banned at the Treaty of Versailles. Also people were encouraged to work due to a reward scheme known as the 'Strength Through Joy,' through this output increased in Germany and people had an ambitious aim of owning the peoples car (Volkswagen). The enabling laws helped bring the Nazis to power as it allowed Hitler to govern for four years without parliament and made all other parties illegal. Hitler was almost in full control. Hitler was getting rid of all his opposition. But he did still have opposition, the biggest threat was Ernst Rohm, who controlled the SA (over 400,000 men). Hitler wanted the army on his side and he disagreed with Rohm's idea of joining the two together, it was either one or the other. The army was crucial for Hitler as they supported President Hindenburg and Hitler would need the army on his side if he wanted to take over. So he sent his SS to remove the main leaders of the SA, this was horrific and in all four hundred people were executed one of which was Rohm. ...read more.


The Confessional Church was a breakaway church from the creation of the German Christian Church. In all 7,000 of the 17,000 pastors in Germany joined. It was insisted that the church be independent of the state. This was just one of the opponents to Hitler which caused great tension. There was also resentment shown by members if the Hitler Youth. Many boys objected to the endless physical activities along with the military drill. Again this was another group who opposed the Nazis. Clearly there was opposition but I believe there was too little and also was too disunited. If any opposition did occur in my opinion it was always too late. In my opinion the account for the Nazi popularity is mainly due to Hitler their leader, who took control of the media, which he used to publish Nazi views and change the thoughts of the German people to that of what he wanted. Another main aspect for the popularity is due to the terror he put the German people through because of the SA who threatened people who opposed or didn't vote for the Nazis. And in my opinion the economic policy also helped increase popularity as it gave German people ambitions and goals to reach as they were given the opportunity to work and earn a living. The lack of opposition made it easier for the Nazis to gain control, main opponents like the communists had been eliminated. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Why did the Nazi Party gain popularity in the years 1933-1939?

    Coal and chemical production tripled. As unemployment diminished, working hours increased. In 1933 the average working week was 42.9 hours.

  2. Did Hitler succeed in creating a Volksgemeinschaft?

    The 1930s were difficult years for Christianity as Hitler stated in his Volksgemeinschaft that "you could either be a Christian or a German". Despite this conflict there was some clear similarities between the two. Throughout the history of religion, the Church had always wanted to control the affairs of the

  1. adolf hitler

    and several candidates were murdered. Newspapers that supported these political parties were closed down during the 1933 General Election. Although it was extremely difficult for the opposition parties to campaign properly, Hitler and the Nazi party still failed to win an overall victory in the election on 5th March, 1933.

  2. Thr opposition of the Church.

    Often they manifested themselves in their determination to convert Jews, and so Nazi policies confronted the Christian Churches with an irresolvable theological problem: in a society that was determined to eradicate the Jews, the Christian Gospel claimed that the Jews were God's chosen people and should be the special objects of Christian proselytizing.

  1. Opposition to the Nazi regime.

    A valid assertion, we shall now look at the line "the efforts of these brave people often resulted in waves of arrests and torture". All resistance was dealt with swiftly and brutally by the regime, the SD (secret police section of the SS)

  2. To what extent was the severity of Nazi repression an indication of the strength ...

    However, it was not long before the Gestapo found out about the leaflets and began to search for the producers. In an attempt to try and repress the resistance, a blunt and insulting speech was given to the University

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work