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Account for the popularity of Hitler and the Nazi regime in Germanyby 1939?

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Account for the popularity of Hitler and the Nazi regime in Germany by 1939? On January 30th 1933 Hitler became Chancellor of Germany, this however was not the position of power, which it appeared to be as only four of the fourteen members of the cabinet were Nazis. Hitler realised he was weak in this situation and needed to rectify it. So he called new elections within his first twenty-four hours in power. The aim of this was to give the Nazi party a majority within the Reichstag. Hitler believed that new elections could only serve to increase the Nazi vote and increase his profile within Germany. The elections took place on March 5th 1933 and the Nazis only increased their majority from 33.1 % to 43.9 %. This meant that they still did not have a majority in the Reichstag. This shows that Hitler did not have majority support in 1933 and yet by 1939 he was in an apparently unassailable position by 1939. I will go on to explain how this situation came about. The election in 1933 wasn't as simple as it looks, as Hitler used dirty tricks to win seats. The SA used violence and terror to break up socialist and communist meetings. Also the Nazi position was strengthened by a strange incident, which occurred on the night of 27th February 1933 five days before the election. ...read more.


The number of unemployed dropped dramatically from 6 million to about 500,000 in 1938. Other ways in which jobs were available was through the re-armament of the army, which they were doing secretly as it was banned at the Treaty of Versailles. Also people were encouraged to work due to a reward scheme known as the 'Strength Through Joy,' through this output increased in Germany and people had an ambitious aim of owning the peoples car (Volkswagen). The enabling laws helped bring the Nazis to power as it allowed Hitler to govern for four years without parliament and made all other parties illegal. Hitler was almost in full control. Hitler was getting rid of all his opposition. But he did still have opposition, the biggest threat was Ernst Rohm, who controlled the SA (over 400,000 men). Hitler wanted the army on his side and he disagreed with Rohm's idea of joining the two together, it was either one or the other. The army was crucial for Hitler as they supported President Hindenburg and Hitler would need the army on his side if he wanted to take over. So he sent his SS to remove the main leaders of the SA, this was horrific and in all four hundred people were executed one of which was Rohm. ...read more.


The Confessional Church was a breakaway church from the creation of the German Christian Church. In all 7,000 of the 17,000 pastors in Germany joined. It was insisted that the church be independent of the state. This was just one of the opponents to Hitler which caused great tension. There was also resentment shown by members if the Hitler Youth. Many boys objected to the endless physical activities along with the military drill. Again this was another group who opposed the Nazis. Clearly there was opposition but I believe there was too little and also was too disunited. If any opposition did occur in my opinion it was always too late. In my opinion the account for the Nazi popularity is mainly due to Hitler their leader, who took control of the media, which he used to publish Nazi views and change the thoughts of the German people to that of what he wanted. Another main aspect for the popularity is due to the terror he put the German people through because of the SA who threatened people who opposed or didn't vote for the Nazis. And in my opinion the economic policy also helped increase popularity as it gave German people ambitions and goals to reach as they were given the opportunity to work and earn a living. The lack of opposition made it easier for the Nazis to gain control, main opponents like the communists had been eliminated. ...read more.

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