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Describe how the Jews were discriminated against in Germany from 1933 to 1939.

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Introduction

Holocaust Coursework Assignment 1. Describe how the Jews were discriminated against in Germany from 1933 to 1939. In 1933, Hitler became chancellor of the Nazi party and his deep hatred of the Jewish community became apparent. This is the main reason for the discrimination of Jews in Germany between 1933 and 1939. 1933 was the first year in Germany under Nazi rule and there were many changes. Jews in Germany began to lose their jobs and were forced out of jobs involving law, civil service, dentistry, journalism, teaching and farming. Stormtroopers were used for the first time to dissuade customers from entering Jewish shops. In April there was a boycott of Jewish shops and for one day, no one would go in. This took place all across Germany. They were also banned from sports shops. Also, the production of kosher meat was banned. ...read more.

Middle

There was public segregation in cinemas, transport etc. The Jews were banned from the armed forces and they lost their citizenship and right to vote. Jews were banned from parks, restaurants, and swimming pools. Rabbis and other religious leaders were stopped from preaching. Jewish newspapers were closed down and the writers and editors arrested. In 1936 the persecution continued and Jews could no longer own electrical equipment, typewriters, optical equipment, bicycles or records and had to hand them over to the authorities. They were also not allowed to be vets. In 1937, Jews were banned from being pharmacists. As well as the Jews, gypsies became targets of the Nazi party and so gypsies all over Germany were photographed, fingerprinted, and registered as part of the Nazi campaign to 'Fight the gypsy menace'. The purpose of the Nuremberg laws was to protect the purity of German blood. ...read more.

Conclusion

They were also excluded from public places such as cinemas, theatres and beaches. Jewish bookshops and publishing houses were closed down and Jewish children were forbidden from playing with Aryan children. In 1939, Jews were banned from leaving their homes after 8 p.m. and could be evicted from their homes without reason or notice. 1938 is a turning point in the discrimination of the Jews because it is the first organised violence against them. The purpose is to try and make Jews leave the country i.e. forced emigration, and it is partially successful because one third of all German Jews leave. The reason for this turning point was Hitler's growing confidence. He had found that he could treat the Jews how he liked, with no interference from England or France, and so he stepped up his ethnic cleansing. In March 1939, Germany invades Czechoslovakia and then Poland in September. Because of this, a further three million Jews came under the Nazi regime, and their treatment was even worse than in Germany. James Campbell Page 1 26/04/2007 ...read more.

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