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Did Partition solve the problems in Ireland

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Introduction

Northern Ireland History Project 2002 By Iwan Fletcher Question 1: Did Partition solve the problems in Ireland Partition came about 1n 1920 in Ireland it was called the government of Ireland act. This was an act passed by Lloyd George which intended to set up two home rule parliaments one ruled from Dublin and the other to be 6 of the nine counties of Ulster where unionist opposition to home rule was the greatest. The 6 counties included in this new state where Down, Antrim, Derry, Tyrone, Fermanagh and Armagh. Only the first three states out of these 6 had a protestant/unionist majority but even so the state was set up with boundaries especially selected as to permanently guarantee a protestant/unionist dominance over the Catholics/Nationalists. Both of the new state's powers would be limited, they would link together in a council of Ireland and only when both states agreed would partition be broken. The Dublin parliament died as soon as it was created with only Sinn Feign contesting in the elections. The Northern Ireland parliament was opened in May 1921. Soon after this a truce was called and negotiations went underway between Sinn Feign and the British government, the Anglo-Irish Treaty was signed which gave Southern Ireland like Canada Dominion status under the crown. The Irish Free State was born. Northern Ireland remained a province of Great Britain. Let Erin remember the days of old, Ere her faithless sons betray'd her; When Malachy wore the collar of gold, Which he won from her proud invader, When her kings, with standards of green unfurl'd, Led the red branch knights to danger; Ere the emerald gem of the western world Was set in the crown of a stranger. This poem/song was written by Thomas Moore a romantic lyricist (1779-1852). It shows the deep passion the people of Ireland have for there culture and history, this passion runs too with the Scottish and the welsh and has came from many years of being subjected to foreign tyranny and the suppression of there own culture by the English crown (stranger). ...read more.

Middle

Erin, thy silent tear never shall cease, Erin, thy languid smile ne'er shall increase, Till, like the rainbow's light, Thy various tints unite, And form in heavens sight One arch of peace! Question 2: why has the Good Friday Agreement of 1998 not yet resulted in a lasting peace. The Good Friday Agreement (GFA) was reached on Good Friday, 10th April 1998. It was a solution that ended direct rule from Britain and reinstated a devolved parliament in Northern Ireland, which was run with the co-operation of all parties, a solution that hoped to create peace. Other wise known as the Belfast Agreement it stated that: * Northern Ireland would remain part of the United Kingdom unless a majority voted other wise. * A new Northern Ireland assembly with 108 members would be set up, using proportional representation. All key decisions would require cross-community consensus. * There would be a North-South Ministerial Council involving ministers from the new assembly and ministers from the republic, who would meet over matters of mutual interest. * There would also be a British-Irish Council with representatives from both governments including those from the northern assembly, Welsh Assembly and the Scottish Parliament. * The Irish government agreed to hold a referendum over articles 2 and 3 of their constitution, which claimed the north as part of its territory. * A review of policing in Northern Ireland would be undertaken. * Early release of paramilitaries was promised. The agreement included as many conditions as possible to protect the interests of all sides but it could never please the extremists. Yet in referenda held on the same day, 2nd may both the north and south voted for this agreement with a majority of 71.2% in the north and over 90% in the south. The parliamentary leaders who signed the Good Friday Agreement were Tony Blair and Mo Molem (British government), Bertie Aherne (Irish government), David Trimble (Ulster Unionists), John Hume and Seamus Malon (SDLP), Gerry Adams and Martin Mcguinis (Sinn Fein) ...read more.

Conclusion

Those who they aspire to are men whom on April 14th 1984 attempted to assassinate Gerry Adams, who survived after being shot four times. To think if he'd died what would things in Ireland be like today, I feel that many Loyalists believe things would have been better for them, that really disturbs me because that is true hatred. As you can see the deep history of Northern Ireland is greatly involved in the reason that the Good Friday agreement has not yet resulted in a lasting peace. And there is a whole load of new problems, which will always be the legacy of the GFA. The Good Friday Agreement has put into place all the right structures and ideals needed for a lasting peace it is now for the people working with this to want to progress. There has always been and will always be much support from other countries. The USA has always made Ireland one of their highest foreign priorities. And now with the European Economic Community Northern Ireland is receiving financial help to eradicate poverty, improving many peoples lifestyle, Which has improved attitudes and has therefore improved the chance for peace. Foreign policy, attitudes and involvement are very important in the bringing together of Northern Ireland and although some people living there will say that it is nothing to do with anyone else things are greatly influenced. An example of which is something I mentioned earlier about the IRA's Decision to start decommissioning after America's declaration of war on terrorism. I think lasting peace can be attained in Northern Ireland it is up to a younger generation who are not hung up on old ways and can break forward in forgetting and forgiving the past. It should therefore be our job at the moment to protect the views of these people becase they are the ones who will be running the country in years to come. They are the ones who'll give peace a chance. ...read more.

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