• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Explain why the civil rights movement of the 1960's led to the outbreak of violence in 1968/69. Northern Ireland.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

History c/wk Explain why the civil rights movement of the 1960's led to the outbreak of violence in 1968/69. The civil rights movement started because the Catholics felt as though they were discriminated against. This is because Protestants get the best jobs, the policeforce is biased against Catholics, many Catholics could not get a vote, elections were being gerrymandered, Catholics live in the worst houses, new council houses are always given to Protestants first and the Northern Ireland government always has a Protestant majority. For these reasons Catholics felt they were second class citizens and ever since partition they have been under the rule of Protestant governments. They aimed to have equal rights and wanted to achieve this by having peaceful marches. ...read more.

Middle

wanted to be loyal to the Queen and stay apart of Britain whereas the Republicans (Catholics) wanted one Ireland and to get rid of the border. The main Protestant that opposed the civil rights movement was Ian Paisley as he was an extremist, he had support from not only the government but the police aswell eventhough the police aswell eventhough the police force is meant to be impartial. The police caused a lot of disturbance in 1968/9 by smashing Catholic house windows and by attacking marchers on the Burntollet march for no apparent reason. William Craig was in my opinion also an extremist because he made accusations like, the civil rights marchers are just a front for the IRA. ...read more.

Conclusion

it would not have made an impact on anyone. I agree with William Craig about the civil rights movement being a front for the IRA for two reasons. The first reason is that they cannot have really believed that they would be able to march through Protestant areas peacefully whilst protesting about them, especially when Ireland is a Protestant country. My second reason is that the IRA were supposedly dormant during this period and to me that does not make sense because becuase they are extremists hence they cannot suddenly not be active and one day start up again. I think the civil rights movement was created to deter the attention from the IRA so they could plan their next step. It was a skillful tactic, as was the English not allowing Catholics to speak Gaelic in order to make it harder for them to plot against the Protestants. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Why did a civil rights movement start in Northern Ireland in the 1960s?

    This was thanks to Catholics being the minority party in Northern Ireland. Plantation, Landowners and Factory owners were mainly Protestants, they were biased against Catholics, which made them more likely to employ fellow Protestants, rather than Catholics.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    The second attempt to blow up the British Cabinet occurred in 1991 when the Cabinet was meeting, dealing with the affair in Kuwait. It was a war cabinet. The IRA launched a bomb, a mortar bomb, in the heart of London on Downing Street.

  1. A background to the violence in Northern Ireland

    The Omagh bomb happened because [say what the Omagh bomb was - start the paragraph: In 199? The UVF/IRA etc - who was it??? - set off a bomb in Omagh which killed x people. This happened because...] Other incidents linked to the RIRA include a fertilizer explosive in London on the 9th February 1996.

  2. The Gunpowder Plot.

    It is known that James' chief minister, Robert Cecil, the Earl of Salisbury, hated Catholics and saw them as a continuous source of trouble. Cecil also feared that there was a chance that James would be lenient with them during his reign and that this he couldn't tolerate.

  1. Why did violence erupt in Northern Ireland in October 1968?

    In 1937 a new constitution was introduced in the south calling for a united Ireland and which said that N.Ireland had no right to exist. An Irish president as head of state replaced the British king. In 1949 the Irish republic was proclaimed and the country left the British Commonwealth.

  2. Civil Rights in Northern Ireland Coursework

    Both Sources D and E are extremely useful in highlighting that discrimination was suffered by Catholics and aimed directly at them. The extent is not entirely discernible due to the lack of further examples of discrimination in football clubs and not being able to see the influence of Source E,

  1. Describe the disadvantages faced by the Catholics in Northern Ireland in the mid- 1960s?

    connected to the public mains water supply compared to 96.8 per cent of Protestant households.

  2. Why did violence break out in Northern Ireland in 1968?

    freedom of speech * to inform the public of their lawful rights NICRA immediately raised awareness of discrimination many middle class Protestants had not previously been aware of discrimination and were dismayed about it when they found out. An opinion poll in December which showed 45 percent of the population favoured new laws outlawing discrimination.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work