• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

History Coursework: The continuing problems in Northern Ireland

Extracts from this document...


History Coursework: The continuing problems in Northern Ireland Northern Ireland. A country within a country, torn apart by warfare, allegiance and religion. A country whose problems reach deep into the roots of history. Northern Ireland's problems began as far back as the early 16th century, when English settlers wished to control Ireland. The English settlers were Protestant, but the people of Ireland were devout Catholics. Throughout the 16th and 17th century, there were power struggles between the clan chiefs, effectively dividing the whole country. However, in July 1690, William of Orange, the catholic leader of England, clenched a famous victory over James II, the former protestant king of England in the Battle of the Boyne. Ireland became a wholly Protestant ruled country. While this incident did not cause the modern day problems in Ireland, it certainly laid the foundations for it. Move forward just over three hundred years, to April 24th 1916, where the citizens of Dublin should have been celebrating a peaceful Easter Monday. However, this Easter Monday would be completely different from anything they had ever experienced before. The Irish nationalists, enraged that the Irish problem was being ignored in favour of World War II, decided to strike back at the British government and bring the Irish problem into the public spotlight. James Connolly's Citizen Army and about 1200 IRB volunteers marched into the center of Dublin and took over various strategic positions, such as many train stations, the College of Surgeons, and the GPO. ...read more.


On the third day of the marches, the protesters were ambushed by a Loyalist mob, who threw bottles and stones. They then moved in and began to beat the marchers with iron bars and sticks. However, many of the marches were successful, and O'Neill, the Prime Minister, was forced to make some compromises on the Catholic's behalf, such as abolishing Gerry Mandering, allowing Catholic seats in the Northern Irish government and commissioning an enquiry into the behaviour of the RUC and B-Specials. However, instead of solving the Northern Irish problem, his moderate compromises actually heightened tension and hatred in Northern Ireland. Catholics felt that his compromises were not radical enough, and the Protestant majority felt that they were too radical. The civil rights movement had a large impact one the history of conflict in Northern Ireland. One example of the effects that were felt because of it was an increase in the activity of paramilitary groups. The Protestant and nationalist majority saw the Civil Rights Movement as a front for the IRA, so decided to violently break up the marches. This in turn finally gave the Catholics an excuse to re-establish the IRA in order to defend themselves from the RUC and B-Specials. In response to the reformation of the IRA, the Protestant and Nationalist extremists resurrected the Ulster Defence Force, the Nationalist equivalent of the IRA. The rebirth of these hardcore paramilitary groups turned many Unionist MP's against O'Neill. ...read more.


However, Direct Rule did nothing towards the peace; in fact, Direct Rule actually increased the violence in Northern Ireland. Many unionists felt betrayed by their government and began to support some of the more extreme paramilitary groups, such as the UDA. The Dublin government welcomed Direct Rule and called for an IRA ceasefire. The IRA stated that they would do nothing of the sort and viewed Direct Rule as Britain seeking to rule a country that they had no right to. The violence increased hugely in response to this viewed outrage. In a complete contrast to the Unionists, the Nationalist minority were pleased that direct rule had been established, as it brought hope for a better future. The rule under the Unionist government was unfair, so the British government brought ideas of a better, unbiased future. In my opinion, the most important event of the recent conflicts in Northern Ireland was the Easter Rising, because the long and short term, effects laid the foundations for all the other events above. Some other events not mentioned above, such as Partition, also played a large role in the conflict in Northern Ireland. However, it seems that the conflict in Northern Ireland will never be resolved until everyone gets what they want, which appears to be almost impossible. Who knows what the future holds for Northern Ireland? One thing is certain though. As long as these events stay in people's minds, the history, and indeed the future, of the Northern Ireland will be remembered as one of violence, betrayal and death. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Conflict in Ireland

    The only reason that Britain remained in Northern Ireland was because the majority of its population wanted it that way. The Protestants feared that when the Catholics became the majority they would want to leave Britain and reunite with Southern Ireland and as they were the majority they would have the power to do so.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    It meant that the most strident voices and those who could command weaponry were the people who set the agenda. The Battle of the Bogside ( August 12, 1969) - A Turning Point It's difficult to underestimate the symbolic importance of the Battle of the Bogside.

  1. Free essay

    Which Of The Following Events Has Had The Biggest Impact On The History Of ...

    There are many reasons why bloody Sunday came about but some of the most important are the violence that occurred because of internment. Internment its self boosted support for the IRA because they tried to do everything in their power to stop it; they even helped residents make barricades to keep the troops out.

  2. Why was the Battle of the Boyne an important event in Irish history? Why ...

    Today the Orangemen of the Orange Order at Drumcree continue to try and honour the tradition by marching the same route in Portadown from Drumcree church, despite the opposition. They wear their customary dress of dark suits with white gloves and bowler hats with the essential orange sash, parading their allegiance to the crown further aggravating nationalists.

  1. Nothern Ireland Coursework

    Catholics were not only discriminated in the areas of employment, it seemed that it stretched across the board including sport. Billy Sinclair openly talks about his views and prejudice judgments about Catholics playing football while being a Linfield scout. Upon seeing a potential player, Sinclair would instinctively ask "what school do you go to son?"

  2. Biran Friel, Making History, Historical Background

    In examining the issue of memory, Friel exposes the falsity in the notion of a single, comprehensive history or truth. What becomes important is not a factual history or identity but exploring different histories and identities. Language, for Friel, is closely implicated with identity.

  1. How far are the tensions in Northern Ireland due the events f 30th January ...

    The poverty in the Republic of Ireland had risen, and the IRA had given up their protesting in the ROI and moved into Northern Ireland to campaign. All round co-operation was promoted in the 1960's between the Catholics and Protestants in Church, community and leisure activities.

  2. How Effectively did Irish Catholic and Nationalist Leaders advance their Cause in the years ...

    Peel wasn't dependent upon the O'Connellite group in the House, plus it was widely known that the two men didn't like each other on a personal level. The issue of repeal came to a head in 1843, when O'Connell proposed a 'monster meeting' at Clontaf, which Peel decided to ban.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work