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How far was Roosevelt himself responsible for his election victory in 1932? Explain your answer.

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Introduction

HISTORY I.G.C.S.E - COURSEWORK 2 How far was Roosevelt himself responsible for his election victory in 1932? Explain your answer. The Great Depression brought an end to the era of Republican dominance, as Herbert Clark Hoover was overwhelmed by Franklin Delano Roosevelt from the Democratic Party in the 1932 election. Franklin Delano Roosevelt won complete favour in this election, which gave him 57.4 percent of the total vote. About 22 million people voted for him while Hoover only received votes little less than 16 million. He won 472 out of the total 531 electoral votes. There are many reasons as to why Franklin Delano Roosevelt won the election in a vast majority. The upbringing, background and character of the two candidates were very different. Herbert Hoover was orphaned at the age of eight. He studied mine engineering and worked as a gold miner after graduation. Gradually, he was promoted and traveled around the world working as a mining engineer. By the age of 40 he was a multi-millionaire. Roosevelt on the other hand came from a rich family. He was brought up and educated at home and was pampered by his mother. He became a Senator in 1910 but in 1921, Roosevelt caught polio which shattered his political career. ...read more.

Middle

He understood them and did everything he could to provide them with their needs. He became popular among the locals and he was always ready to seek advice and did what the majority of the people wanted him to do. These personality traits and policies go some way to explaining Roosevelt's victory. Even though Franklin Delano Roosevelt was himself very capable and talented, Hoover's unpopularity might have been even more imporatnt. Herbert Hover became President of America in 1928, the times when America was the richest country in the world. Unemployment was low and many were rich enough to add luxuries to their lives. But when the Depression hit America in 1929 (the Wall Street Crash), it became a different story. The country was suffering economically. The blame was placed with Herbert Hoover even though it wasn't entirely his fault. He believed in 'laissez-faire' - the American system of rugged individualism. He was a non-interventionist and so the ordinary people felt he was not doing enough. His life had been like a 'rags to riches' story and so he expected every American could be like him. When the Depression hit USA, he thought it would be for a short term and so he was reluctant to act. ...read more.

Conclusion

He said, "I'll do anything to see the Democrats win one more national election." He had many supporters who became on the same side as Roosevelt. In return, Roosevelt made him the Vice President. Two influences shaping his public career were his distant relative Theodore Roosevelt, whose niece Eleanor he married in 1905, and Woodrow Wilson, whom he served as assistant secretary of the navy during the First World War. The election in 1932 ended as Roosevelt won by the biggest majority for over ninety years. The figures were incomparable. The main reason to explain this in my opinion would be Herbert Hoover's unpopularity. His character lacked the qualities of a good leader. People didn't respect him because he disrespected them by not keeping his promises and not acting upon their ideas. This is a controversial matter because he did make an effort to revive the economy and so cannot be completely blamed. Roosevelt having a good character and giving new hopes to Americans on his New Deal made it more convincing to people that he would be their saviour. People believed him when he spoke and they knew he would take actions. The timing for the election just wasn't right for Herbert Hoover who became President when America flourished but then had to suffer as he encountered the Depression. It was a clear and clean victory to Roosevelt. ...read more.

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