• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

How serious were the threats to the stability of The Weimar Republic 1918-1923?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Clare Ford How serious were the threats to the stability of The Weimar Republic 1918-1923? The Weimar Republic suffered major threats between 1918-1923. The Weimar faced unpopularity amongst the German people, economic problems and the harsh constraints of the Treaty of Versailles. The fact that the Weimar Republic was born out of defeat in WW1 counted against its stability. It was also destabilised by extremist party's revolts in Germany. Most Germans had no zeal for the Weimar but went along with it because there was no actual alternative. All these threats caused major problems and instabilities of Weimar during 1918 to 1923. In 1919 the Weimar Republic was intensely unpopular because it was 'born out of defeat'. The majority of Germans also believed that the members of government known as 'November Criminals' had stabbed them in the back by signing the armistice in November 1918. Many war veterans thought that German politicians had capitulated prematurely again claiming the nation had been 'stabbed in the back'. The belief that Germany's 'winning' army had been 'stabbed in the back' by unpatriotic Socialists was used by them to criticise the democratic Weimar Republic. ...read more.

Middle

This threatened the Republic before it had even begun, as it had to start from a low social and economic base. Although Germany did still retained its diplomatic power. It was a time of crisis for the German economy because the reparations were too high and in addition to the weight of economic recovery and were burdened with the huge debt Germany built up during the war. The Treaty of Versailles caused a loss of resources for Germany including 74.5% of its iron ore, 68.1% of its zinc ore and 26% of its coal resources. By 1922 the Germany currency was very unstable and had fallen sharply compared to the US dollar. An exchange rate of 8000 deauch marks to the American dollar, though exchange rates changed like the weather, from one moment to another. The causes of this inflation included what four years of war had done to the mark, the disruption of Germany's main industries and that Germany did not have a comprehensive taxation system and instead borrowed irresponsibly and printed money excessively. ...read more.

Conclusion

This was in Weimar's favour because normally with a country in this state the majority of people look to extremists. Yet one thing The Weimar and the Freikorps had in common was their hate of the communists. So in January 1919 when the Spartacists a far left group of communists lead by Rosa Luxembourg and Karl Liebnecht tried to take over Berlin. They fought with the military to stop the revolution killing both of their leaders. Communists were a threat and Germans were scared of communism. In November 8th 1923 Hitler attempted a revolt in Munich 'The Munich or Beer Hall Putsch'. It just resulted in Hitler and Lundendorff being arrested and jailed. They had left it too late because the financial crisis was coming to an end. During 1918-23 the steadfastness of The Weimar Republic was threatened by many factors most of which had momentum and effected Weimar's position. However the facts that Weimar still existed after 1923 shows that none of the threats in this time period were too severe. The survival of The Weimar Republic was down to Stresemann who introduced the new currency to stop hyper inflation and dealt with the invasion of the Ruhr. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why was the Weimar Republic so unpopular with many Germans between 1919 and 1923?

    4 star(s)

    This was an economical problem because it made her pay reparations and it took away land from Germany, this land could have produced goods for selling. A final Reason for the bad start to the new republic was the Treaty of Versailles.

  2. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    Finally, the treaty included the War Guilt Clause, which forced Germany to accept that they bore sole responsibility for World War One and would consequently have to provide compensation for any damage they had caused. Many Germans, however, did not believe that they were responsible for the war nor that they had been defeated.

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face between 1919 and 1923?

    It put the Weimar Republic in a cautious and threatened position. The opposition from the right was a very real threat, even more so than the communists, because they had the support of the army and so had power to take over using violence.

  2. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    An armistice commission was formed and sent to negotiate with the western allies. On November 10th, they reported back, giving the details and the conditions which the allies intended to impose. On November 11th, the armistice was signed in Marshall Foch's railway carriage in the Forest of Compi´┐Żgne.

  1. What were the main problems for the Weimar Republic 1918-23?

    This ambiguity meant that there was uncertainty from the start as to whether ultimate authority was with a representative assembly or the elected head of state. Due to the continuity of traditional social and economic institutions and the introduction of progressive civil liberties, the daily life of the republic was greatly influenced by conservative foundations.

  2. Why was the Weimar Republic able to survive the challenges of 1918-1923?

    The entire German air force was abolished. The treaty not only blamed Germany for starting the war but also was made liable to pay for all the physical damage caused in the war. For this Germany had to pay reparations, in total 132,000 million gold marks over the next 30 years.

  1. Why did the Weimar Republic face so many problems 1918 - 1923?

    The 'Spartacist League' was set up by Rose Luxemburg and Karl Liebknecht and were generally supported by the working people (who they though Ebert wouldn't help). In Jan. 1919 workers protests begun, so they took this as a chance to begin a revolution.

  2. WWII History Revision Notes. How far did the Weimar Republic Recover between 1924-1928.

    but this was still not a majority in the Reichstag Enabling Act, March 1933 (After the elections): Enabled Hitler to make laws WITHOUT the approval of the Reichstag May 1933: Trade unions were banned ? workers had to work harder and longer June 1933: All political parties were banned except

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work