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Impact of the the First World war on Germany by 1918

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Impact of the war on Germany by 1918 By 1918, Germany was in a state of chaos - the war was crippling its economy and the citizens of Germany were suffering. Its army had been overpowered by the Allies, many men were killed and by the 8th August, the Allies had broken through the 'impregnable' Hindenburg Line. The German population was also suffering a national bout of Spanish influenza and this, combined with the lack of food and hygiene, caused a fatal blow for many of Germany's citizens with millions of deaths. The war had left Germany bankrupt with nearly all of its money being used in the war effort. With the war coming to a close, Germany had to begin restarting a non-wartime procedure for the returning soldiers and its citizens. With so many men lost in the war, a third of the states budget was being used by widowed families and soldiers no longer fit to serve in the army. ...read more.


The war had made a deep divide in the country, which made people either extremely rich, having benefitted from war, or extremely poor. The country did not care properly for its citizens and many of them were living on the streets, not being able to afford to run a house. Meanwhile, the rich industrialists had become exceedingly rich and could live in luxury. At this time, many people were converted to the Communism party, wanting a country where everyone was equal and their amassed riches split equally between everyone. The average German factory worker had had limits put on their wages during the war whilst the factory owners had no limits and, because Germany was in a crisis, could charge large amounts for necessary items that they could not get elsewhere. This helped deepen the divide described above, as workers could see their employers getting richer, whilst they got poorer. ...read more.


He signed an armistice with the Allies, to prevent Germany from being completely annihilated. However, many citizens believed that Germany could still win the war and felt betrayed by Ebert. The soldiers on the front line believed that they were holding their territory and they would gain more land swiftly. They believed that Germany was not betrayed by military leaders and bad planning, but politicians. Many called for the army leader Hindenburg to take Germany by force and restart the war. When Ebert was forced to sign the Treaty of Versailles in 1919, the German people never forgot and remained resentful of his leadership and that of the Republic of Germany. Overall, the war had a large impact on Germany in 1918 with the country being crippled. With many Germans forced onto the streets and the reparations and war pensions being demanded of the state, the Weimar Republic had many issues to contend with before Germany would be seen as a powerful European country again. ...read more.

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