• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

In February and March 1993 the Provisional IRA committed acts of terrorism in Warrington. Explain how these atrocities helped shape attitudes of both section of Society in Northern Ireland towards the peace process

Extracts from this document...


In February and March 1993 the Provisional IRA committed acts of terrorism in Warrington. Explain how these atrocities helped shape attitudes of both section of Society in Northern Ireland towards the peace process In 1993there were two IRA bombs in Warrington. The first was in February. The IRA set off the first bomb at the Winwick Road gas works. Later, other devices were found at the scene. It is believed that if all of the bombs had gone off, then most of North Warrington could have been destroyed. The two men, who had planted the bomb, were stopped in their Van by P.C. Mark Toker, but he was gunned-down - though not fatally. They were arrested on the M62 after a car chase and linked to the provisional IRA. The second bombs exploded outside of Boots and the other McDonalds. Before the attacks at 11:58am a telephone call was received by Liverpool Samaritans claiming that a bomb would be set off outside of Boots Liverpool; not Boots Warrington, like the Provisionals later claimed. ...read more.


These groups do not seem to be totally influenced by the bombings at Warrington. They appeared to be more interested and influenced by 'tit-for-tat' killings on their own territory; such as when 3 Catholics were killed in a Chip shop in revenge for the death of 2 Protestants. Even though most Loyalists and Unionists wanted peace more than ever, that does not mean that they wanted 'peace at any price'. Although, most saw the Provisional IRA's promise of a ceasefire in 1994, as a very good chance at peace. However, some were suspicious as they believed that unless the IRA decommissioned, they would still carry out attacks. This issue of decommissioning led to further violence in February 1996 with the London Docklands bombing. Extremist Ulster Loyalists, such as Ian Paisley of the Democratic Unionist party, saw the Warrington bombings as further proof, that their could be no negotiating with the 'fiendish republican scum'. Similar views had been held by most ordinary Nationalists. An Irish Newspaper, which was in favour of a united Ireland, separate from Britain, wrote: 'The vast majority of the people of Ireland are firmly opposed to the use of violence for political ends...the Irish are a warm and generous people...' ...read more.


some confusion in Britain over your policy to Northern Ireland, and worries that your administration is not as quick to condemn the IRA as it might be. We would be grateful to hear your views and policy on the Northern Ireland question.' brought Gerry Adams to the USA to stop Americans of Irish descent, from donating to NORAID which funded the IRA. By July 1994the Provo's were thinking of achieving peace 'through the ballot box not the bullet.' This led to the Provisional IRA declaring a further ceasefire on 31st August 1994. However, there were still some extremists that were not affected by the Warrington Bombing. These people did not accept a peaceful solution and formed the 'Continuity/Real IRA'. These men were not affected by the murder of the two young boys and carried on bombing. Notable examples of bombings claimed by the 'Real IRA' are the IRA bombing on Arndale, Manchester and the London Docklands. In general the atrocities did help to turn those living in Ulster to peace. Only those extreme individuals, who want nothing but a Unified Ireland or and Ireland governed from Westminster, were unaffected. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Why has it been difficult to obtain peace in Northern Ireland?

    Nationalist across Northern Ireland were divided in their reactions, the SDLP saw it as a big chance for progress but Sinn Fein saw it as enforced partition and did not approve. Unionist resented this agreement and would not coincided with what it was saying, big strikes and demonstrations followed the

  2. What Happened at Sharpeville on 21st March 1960?Massacre or Self-Defence?

    "The fact that they were in separate wards of the hospital meant that they could not have talked together before making their statements to Lawyers." Many people, including the Government, may question the reliability of Source F because of the Bishop's need for so many witnesses.

  1. How successful has the peace process in Northern Ireland been?

    This meant they were unwilling to even talk to the Unionists, let alone co-operate! Overall this Initiative was a complete failure. As it had no power, no people of any importance attended and so it was a bad idea from the start.

  2. Why has it taken so long for the different groups in the peace process ...

    No Catholic shall join the civil service. No Catholic may be a solicitor or lawyer. No Catholic may join the army or the navy No Catholic may possess a horse of greater value than �5. Any Protestant offering that sum may take possession of a horse of his Catholic neighbour.

  1. The Real IRA

    Currently the Omagh Victims' Civil Action Group is suing McKevitt and four other rIRA members for �14 million. According to BBC News, "Real IRA leader Michael McKevitt is to challenge the government's decision to give the Omagh bomb relatives almost �750,000 to take a civil court action."

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    It was this which made the British authorities realize that they could not contain it simply within Northern Ireland. That they would have to look at how international opinion was beginning to react to what was going on. And in terms of propaganda, the Republican movement were very quick to

  1. The Development of the IRA with special regard to the fate of Bobby Sands

    � [image002.gif] On 8 November 1987, eleven people lost their lives and 63 were injured when an IRA bomb ripped through a crowd of people waiting for a remembrance ceremony to begin in Enniskillen, Ulster (see photo). � On 22 September 1989, ten people were killed in an IRA bomb at the Royal Marines School of Music in Deal, Kent.

  2. Causes for peace initiatives that haven't succeeded

    These men claim they won't talk with Sinn Fein, saying they're the 'political wing of the IRA' and say that too many concessions to the Nationalists have been made. However, of course there are always two sides to the argument, with Republicans condemning the British government for keeping their troops

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work