• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

John F. Kennedy Assassination Sources Questions

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

John F. Kennedy Assassination Sources Questions Study Sources A-F. Why Might President Kennedy Have Been Assassinated? There are many different reasons why President Kennedy may have been assassinated, as he has numerous internal US as well as external enemies. He was an outspoken anti-Communist, making enemies in Russia, Europe and Cuba. Furthermore, his own government didn't agree with many of his decisions. Source A illustrates Kennedy's stance on the "reds", "The enemy is the Communist system itself". Kennedy also made a similar stand in 1960, when as the US Secretary of State, he admitted that he wanted to end the war with Japan before the Soviets became involved. These obvious public pronouncements did not help Kennedy's relations with the USSR and may provide clues as to why communists might have preferred to see him dead. Kennedy also made many enemies in Cuba. Source B tells us, "Anti-Castro activists and organisations (such as CIA backed Cuban exiles).....aqquired the means, motive and opportunity to assassinate the President." Although such Cuban exiles and the CIA were working against Castro, Kennedy failed to supply them with the US soldiers and military capacity to ensure their success at the Bay of Pigs. This presented potential enemies for the President since the CIA were close to him and could find the ideal 'opportunity' to assassinate him. Due to the incidents in the Bay of Pigs, there was resentment towards the President from Castro supporters and also Soviets. Before 1063, Kennedy continued Eisenhower's policy of sending 'military advisers to South Vietnam', which angered communists. ...read more.

Middle

Source H reveals, "evidence established a 'high probability'" and also, "Kennedy was probably assassinated......." Yet this displays an unconvincing argument. We also have to ask just how impartial and reliable is the 'JFK' Study Guide, which has made use of HSCA findings because it is also pro-conspiracy. The Witnesses - Sources I + J There are inconsistencies between the reports of each witness, with Jean Hill saying, "I heard 4 to 6 shots" and Gordon Arnold saying, "The shot came from behind me". We can almost definitely discount the use of witnesses in I and J, because, as seen in the previous section, their reliability is highly questionable. That said, source I is taken from the writings of pro-conspiracy theorist Summers, whilst source J is a section from the anti-conspiracy work of Posner. From the evidence presented it is impossible to judge which is more accurate. Like the HSCA, these investigations were carried out long after the assassination - 19 years! Once again, witnesses testaments may have changed due to outside influences. The Panel's findings contradict those of the HSCA. This undermining means it is difficult to determine which source is to be believed. However, we do know that source L's author, Posner, is prejudiced against the conspiracy theory. Also, the Ramsey Panel was set up in reaction to the findings of the HSCA. Source M We are immediately given statistics to 'convince', "Over 88% heard 3 shots fired and fewer than 7% heard 4 or more...." This source seeks to convince the historian that there was no conspiracy, but again it was written by Posner, whose motives must be questioned. ...read more.

Conclusion

* The 'Magic Bullet Theory' supports the statement that one bullet missed, one made six wounds, the other causing the head shot. Source N, below, shows the elaborate, doubtful explanation for this "bizarre zigzag trajectory". * Source Q, however, depicts just how the bullet worked its course, using the more accurate method of computer reconstruction : Dr. Michael Baden, of the HSCA, claims that, "His wounds were clearly the result of one bullet passing straight through him". * The reason the bullet had remained whole, was that its speed had decreased after passing through Kennedy. * Statistical evidence from source M, (assuming the source is reliable) states, "Over 88% heard 3 shots and fewer than 7% heard 4 or more...." This clearly indicates that it was a lone gunman firing. Even after taking all this into account, we still have to look at the big picture. The vast majority of the public could simply not believe that the most powerful man in the world could be killed by one, insignificant man. They needed a conspiracy theory, and that's what the government gave them. Since the assassination, witnesses have died and their memories have faded. The historian must remember that no matter what evidence we have now, no doubt it will be repeatedly re-evaluated, as proven by Summers when he talks about Garrison and JFK, "It was an abuse of history and .........discredited and stalled genuine research for a full decade,". Even if totally new, unbiased evidence comes to light, it will still be treated with scepticism. It is unlikely that we will ever be able to prove the lone gunman theory or conspiracy theory and the rightful explanation for the assassination of President John F. Kennedy. John F. Kennedy ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1941-80 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1941-80 essays

  1. To what extent was Kennedy a great American President?

    The world stood on the brink of extinction. Thankfully, the USSR agreed to disable their weapons. Although the US had seemed to win, Kennedy did not gloat too much. He felt that this would only cause more problems with other countries. Many may argue that it is Kennedy's fault that the world was on the brink of nuclear

  2. The inaugural speech of John F. Kennedy.

    Also, the speech consists of several metaphors. In paragraph 3, the "torch" is referring to light, which is meaning the new idea of the America. Also, in paragraph 21, "twilight struggle" is referring to a struggle which is not strong enough, just like the weak light of the twilight, which is about to turn dark.

  1. Why is President John F Kennedy such a famous and controversial figure in history?

    He was the people's president as they could relate to him. The people of America could see themselves in him. His fame was significantly increased by his assassination, which led to a great deal of controversy. Kennedy was a famous figure but also an extremely controversial figure.

  2. The JFK assassination.

    What were the three "tramps" doing on the overpass? Was the Mafia behind the killing or the CIA or the Russians or the Cubans or some rapid right-wing movement? How did it happen, why did it happen and most of all who made it happen?

  1. Choose any TWO stories you have read in Gullick's "Adventures and Encounters" and write ...

    their motives at the time when the King was on the brink of death, The younger concubines of the King behaved in a manner... While the convulsions held the King, they aided others in shampooing him in a somewhat perfunctory manner; and unless I am much mistaken, they made this

  2. Apartheid - source related study.

    It shows that the people in Bantustan were the "undesirable elements, criminals and delinquents". Albert Lutuli says that the undesirable elements in Bantustan were people that were "old" and "sick". Source F gives the impression that blacks were not given good education like the whites.

  1. The USA 1941 - 80 : The Divided Union.

    * Black and White students set up a Student non-violent Co-ordinating Committee (SNCC) to bring about civil rights reform. * James Farmer formed CORE ( Congress of Racial Equality) to used protest and the law to bring about change. * Together, young people in these groups staged many protests eg

  2. The Warren Commission spent ten months to prove a single gunman, Lee Harvey Oswald, ...

    This crucial evidence found it hard to actually find where the shots were fired. When the government were told about what the Texas doctors had said and reported, they ignored the information that indicated that the government had something to do with the killing.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work