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Major people and dates in the abolition of the slave trade.

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Introduction

History The slave trade act 1833 was an act of the parliament of the United Kingdom to abolish slavery throughout the British Isles (England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland). Slavery was officially abolished in most, if not all of the British Isles on 1st August 1834; however, only slaves below the age of six were freed as any slaves six plus were then 'apprentices'. Apprentices would have to continue to work/serve their former owner for a period of time after it had definitely been abolished. At the time the slave trade was being abolished there was a lot of debate going on over the factors that contributed to the final success of the bill, these factors were; a change in economic interests. This means that after the time 1776, America had become an independent country, which meant that Britain's sugar colonies (such as Jamaica and Barbados) refused as when they became independent, it meant that America could instead trade directly with the French as well as the Dutch in the West Indies. ...read more.

Middle

One more factor for applying the act to abolish slavery was so that parliament could reform. When parliament was finally reformed in 1832, around two - thirds of those who support/supported slavery were swept from power. This meant that the once powerful West India Lobby had lost all of its political strength completely. The final factor for abolishing slavery was to abolition campaigns and religious groups; the demand for freedom for enslaved people had become almost universal, meaning that so many people were demanding freedom for slaves that it was then driven forward, not only by the formal abolition campaign but by a group of non-conformist churches as well as the Evangelicals in the church of England. Granville Sharp (10 November 1735 - 6 July 1813) was one of the first British campaigners for the abolition of the slave trade. He also involved himself in trying to correct other social injustices. ...read more.

Conclusion

He expelled the French commissioner L�ger-F�licit� Sonthonax, as well as the British army's; invaded Santo Domingo to free the slaves there; and wrote a constitution naming himself governor-for-life that established a new polity for the colony. William Wilberforce (24 August 1759 - 29 July 1833) was a British politician, a philanthropist and a leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade. A native of Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, he began his political career in 1780 and became the independent Member of Parliament for Yorkshire (1784-1812). In 1785, he underwent a conversion experience and became an evangelical Christian, resulting in major changes to his lifestyle and a lifelong concern for reform. In 1787, he came into contact with Thomas Clarkson and a group of anti-slave-trade activists, including Granville Sharp, Hannah More and Charles Middleton. They persuaded Wilberforce to take on the cause of abolition, and he soon became one of the leading English abolitionists. He headed the parliamentary campaign against the British slave trade for twenty-six years until the passage of the Slave Trade Act 1807. ...read more.

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