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GCSE: Britain 1905-1951
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The poster also brings forward that the argument that women who work as mayors, nurses, doctors and factory hands will have to pay tax to the Government. Yet they don't have a say in where the money they give is spent. This is very unfair but critics may say that the poster is equally unfair. The poster only shows the good sides of women and shows the worst of men in the bottom half which in itself it greatly exaggerated.
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How Far was Haig responsible for the failings of the British War effort on the Western Front in 1916 and 1917
The war had turned into a war of attrition with both sides just sending men to attack the other sides' trenches then retreating meaning no one gained or lost land but huge casualties were endured by both sides. Haig was accepted by most to be the best man for the job. He had no experience in trench warfare, but no one did, the trench warfare system was new to everyone. At his previous battles against South Africa he had fought on open plains - completely different to the muddy mess he had inherited on the Western Front.
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Do you think that Martin Luther King was the most important factor in improving civil rights during the 1960s?
In April and May of 1963, Birmingham, Alabama was a focal point for the civil rights movement. Birmingham was home to one of the most violent cells of the KKK and violence against black people was so commonplace, especially in the form of explosives so that it was referred to as 'Bombingham'. It was these conditions that led Martin Luther King to organise a series of non-violent protests in the city. These protests were relatively low key and were not very well attended due to the political rivalries between King's organization, the SCLC, and other civil rights organizations like CORE and the NAACP.
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In the early nineteenth century the army were used to break up these demonstrations. One of the Met's roles was to take control of the demonstrations but on many occasions they had to call in the army for assistance. The army were able to clear the crowds in a matter of minutes. The Met weren't very tactful in how they tackled public demonstrations which often resulted in the death of many demonstrators. The Met made a big mistake by using batons to get rid of demonstrators.
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Women over the age of 30 gained the vote in 1918 mainly because of womens contribution to the war effort. Do you agree?
This was important because women could co-ordinate events from one office, which highlighted that women could act with in a democracy as if they were in a political group. Furthermore, the Suffragists were important as they reflected women's determination. This was shown when the Conciliation Bill was put forward and rejected three times yet it did not stop women from campaigning. This emphasised the strength of the suffrage campaigner's will. On the other hand, to some extent the Suffragists made negative contributions to women obtaining the vote.
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Most of the children would have reacted well to being evacuated, but once they got to their new homes many of their reactions would have changed. They would have begun to miss their parents and they would have felt isolated because they were in a new region, they were away from their homes, family and friends- so everything would have been new and different. Some children had never had what was normal for their middle class foster families such as hot water and clean sheets, and this scared some children as it was so unfamiliar.
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Do the sources provided give sufficient evidence to fully explain what happened in Belfast during the Blitz?
It only proves that there was a raid on the night of April 7th and the content gives a basic idea of what happened as a result but does not cover all the raids. The next source is a table of figures on the raids and damage caused by them and is the only source to cover all 4 raids. It was put together from official numbers years after the actual bombings and therefore may not be completely accurate but is free of any need to cover up truth.
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The British had a major advantage: radar. They knew exactly when and where the Germans planned to attack from By the Spring of 1940, 51 radar bases had been built on the southern coast. On 10th July, the battle began the aim of the Germans was to completely destroy the RAF planes. However by the end of July, the Germans lost more planes than the RAF, losing 268 aircraft while the British lost 150. During late August, the Germans started nighttime bombing raids on the cities.
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When the bombs stopped the Germans became aware that an infantry attack was imminent and so scrambled to get out from the dugout to get their guns in place. This was the "Race To The Parapet". The British, however, had no idea of this "race" and they thought that everyone on the other side would be dead. Many of them didn't even get halfway across no-mans-land before they were cut down by the machine-guns. Even after the first wave of men, more and more were sent over the top, even though it was evident that they weren't making ten metres towards the other front-line.
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Was the failure to make a breakthrough on the first day of the Somme the result of bad planning by Haig?
But in 1916, the quality of intelligence was exceedingly poor as they could not inspect their trenches and the strength of German trenches varied over the 500km stretch of the front line. The majority of intelligence came from German prisoners, who often gave inaccurate and unreliable reports. Nevertheless, Haig had failed to test one of the vital components of his plan. He believed that the barbed wire, which littered "No-Man's Land", would be destroyed by shrapnel fired from the artillery.
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Leading up to 1916 many small offensives were planned by the British, but all resulted in failure. Battles in 1915 at Aubers Ridge, Neuve Chapelle and Loos had all been failures and so there was a strong necessitate for a "big push" to break through. The total casualties between the battles at Loos and Neuve Chapelle added up to staggering 78,000 British troops; these small scale offensives had just been jabbing the Germans, not making the fatal major offensive that was necessary.
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She was struck by one single type G- torpedo on the forward of the bridge on the starboard side. The reason citizens where so enraged was because the Lusitania was a passenger liner and only ment to be carrying American and British citizens but Sir Winston Churchill, the high lord of admiralty has for some unknown reason and without anyone knowing put shells and guns in the holding decks and that's what years on many people think the two bangs where. Many people think that Churchill put the weapons on the ship because if they made it then he could have guns and bombs or maybe because Churchill knew America
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How useful are sources A, B and C to an historian studying the attitudes of British soldiers to their commander during the First World War? Use Sources A to C and knowledge from you studies in your answer
This source is very similar to the views displayed in Black Adder which happens to be source B. Source B is an excerpt from Black adder. Rowan Atkinson shows us how generals were viewed even up to the late 90s. The actual program aimed to show the soldiers lives in a exaggerated satirical way. A historian could take away the view that soldiers believed the war was futile due to fact they were not gaining any ground - "After sitting here since Christmas 1914, during which millions of men have died and we've advanced no further than an asthmatic ant carrying some heavy shopping."
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Now I am going to look at three sources giving their account on what happened in Dunkirk. Source A can be seen as reliable considering that Commander Thomas Kerr may have been in situations like these in the past and has enough experience to give an open and honest account of the event. On the other hand, the commander is fairly limited on how much of the incident he has seen; it being at night can also make it harder for him to view certain events that he may have missed.
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Women were seen as pure and clean. The role of women was to have children and tend to the house, in contrast to men. The accepted reasoning was that the career for women was marriage. To get ready for courtship and marriage a girl was groomed like a racehorse.
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Study source b and c. does source b support the evidence of source c about the suffragette Campaign? Explain your answer.
It shows two women outside an important liberal meeting. One of the two holding the others arm in disapproval due to the way she has approached a liberal meeting sign. The cartoon conducts the image in a way to make us believe the calm woman is a suffragist and the aggressive woman is a suffragette. The caption reads shrieking sister this in it self shows the desperation that the suffragettes faced in order to get the vote Source b claims that women should not have the right to vote we know this because the text states ''women were and are destined to make voters rather than to be voters
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Poems and stories; official accounts Which of these give a more accurate picture of soldiers experiences on the Western Front?
It describes how traumatic the attacks involving gas were, and the aftermaths which it caused. Owen witnessed many of his fellow men killed and injured due to the mass gas attacks of the German army. The poem was first drafted by Owen in Craiglockhart, Scotland, where he was receiving therapy. He was encouraged to write poetry by his doctor. The experiences of many soldiers were reflected by this poet, as gas attacks caused a lot of pain to all men affected, both physically and mentally.
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The nations old ways of life and thought perished in the mud of Flanders. How valid is this view of the effects of the First World War on Britain?
On the other hand, the election of 1910, was more representative and shared a decline to due problems which hadn't been dealt with by the incumbent government. The Liberals stood for supporting laissez-faire economic policies, social reform, personal liberty and also ensuring that the Crown and Church of England had less authority over governmental decisions. At the start of the First World War, Herbert Henry Asquith was Prime Minister, but it was David Lloyd George, who was leader of the coalition at the end of the horrific war.
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Assimilation. The problem with immigration in Britain was that the people werent coming from the same country or origins. Instead they appeared from many different colonies that all differed from each other in terms of language and traditions.
Many people say that the concept of assimilation was flawed and that Enoch Powell was a racist but was his speech based on facts and evidence or did he merely dislike immigrants. One of the main reason assimilation was flawed was because coloured people and white British people couldn't co exist peacefully. White people clearly outlined their thoughts on coloured immigrants using petty excuses such as saying that they stink and one white woman felt it was wrong to raise her children with black neighbours.
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It was the work that women did during the war that earned them the vote. Use sources H, I and J and your own knowledge to explain whether you agree with this interpretation.
Among the many jobs women did, a few were Munitions work, nurses, carpenters, engineers, working in metal industries, chemical industries, government offices etc. This won them a lot of respect that had lately been taken away from them because many people were now able to see the responsible side of the suffragettes and that as a reward, they could have the vote. Source J. Supports this, it states that ' ...not only that, they have contributed to every service during this war...
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But despite the dramatic findings of Booth and Rowntree, the government did not act. It took something else to bring about changes. The Boer War In 1899 Britain went to war with the Boers, the Dutch settlers in South Africa. Everybody expected the British Army to win easily and thousands of men volunteered to fight in the Army. Altogether about 450,000 men were recruited. For the first time, however, volunteers had to take a medical and many failed. They were simply too unhealthy to join the Army. Overall, about 37% of volunteers were rejected, but in some inner city areas of Britain, the figure was as high as 90%.
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The civil defence services were crucial as they encouraged and pressured civilians into having a big impact in the war effort. During the blitz, London was bombed for 76 days in a row from the 7th September 1940 until May 1941 and this had a direct and lethal impact on the everyday city civilian. The changing tactics of Hitler in World War 2 affected civilians immensely. This view can be supported by the fact that by the end of November 1940, 12,696 civilians in the London area had died, about 20,000 had been seriously injured, and approximately 36,000 bombs had fallen on England's capital.
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targets to attacking Civilian targets in Cities, (London mainly), this was called, the Blitz. Though the Battle of Britain did stop one of Hitler's plans, however it did not stop his attacks, which would have made the Battle of Britain a vital turning point, the Battle of Britain only switched a major offence into a secondary offensive, by that I mean that it stopped Hitler from spending most of his resources and troops on Britain, and it made him focus more on his Army Group North which was attacking the USSR.
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But instead only approximately 1.5 million people left and only 735,000 of the 1.5 million were children. Evacuation included school children, mothers, pregnant women, teachers, blind and disabled people. One important reason was to save their lives from the war and battles taking place. Europe was given a warning in 1936 when the Nazi Party tested their new technology. This meant that cities could be bombed from above-another major point to save children's lives. Each child was issued with a Gas Mask from the government to prevent them breathing in the poisonous gas from the gas bombs as the poisonous gas would have caused severe effects and even death.
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Also, it is only a snapshot taken by a photographer, the people involved in the photo could even be 'posing' for the camera and from my own knowledge, many children would normally be extremely upset to leave their own homes and families behind to other foster parents for periods of time, this makes the source limited. The second source I will discuss is Source B which is an interview from a teacher telling her story about how she was evacuated with other children from her school during the year 1988.
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