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Nazi Germany Revision Notes. Rise to Power, New Laws and Propaganda.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

´╗┐Nazi Germany Timeline Year Month Event 1919 January Spartacist Uprising November Hitler joins the German Worker?s Party 1920 March Kapp Putsch Hitler becomes leader of the party ? renamed the National Socialist German Workers? Party (Nazi Party) 1921 Hitler founds the SA (Sturm-Auteilumg) to intimidate opposition 1923 January Occupation of Ruhr The Great Inflation August Stresemann becomes chancellor November Munich Putsch (Beer Hall Putsch) Trigger: In September Stresemann called off passive resistance in Ruhr 1924 February Hitler?s trial for putsch Changes in Nazi policy ? to win democratically First election ? 52 seats April Dawes Plan Plan to aid Germany?s economy 1925 Hindenburg elected as president The Locarno Treaties 1929 October Wall Street Crash The Great Depression ? weakened Weimar republic The Young Plan 1930 September Elections = 107 seats 1932 July Nazis = biggest single party with 230 seats 1933 January Hitler becomes chancellor after power struggle 3/12/1932 Von Schleicher becomes chancellor 4/1/1933 Von Papen sees chance to regain power (Von Schleicher is not doing well) ...read more.

Middle

Power struggle between leading Nazis, Goebbels need to win back Hitler?s favour after his affair with a Czech actress 2. Goering and Himmler disapproved of Kristallnacht 12 November Property damaged during Kristallnacht were mostly rented from German owners to Jews ? Jews fines 1 billion Reichmark 15 November Jewish pupils only in Jewish schools December Jewish business completely confiscated 1939 January New names for Jews ? Sarah/Israel Reich office for Jewish Emigration established to promote emigration September WWII 1944 July Bomb plot against Hitler named Operation Valkyrie by Von Stauffenberg WWII Timeline 1939 Food and clothes rationing 1. Black market sold goods from newly conquered countries 1941 June Hitler?s gamble ? invades USSR End of 1942 Extra food rations at Christmas to lift up morale ? war is not well 1943-44 All non-war contributing businesses closed ? but shops that were in the middle like sweet shops (which also sold food) were closed 1943 August Clothes rationing and manufacture ended Exchange centres opened 1943 June Kolberg = 8.5 million marks commissioned 187,000 soldiers employed Trucks (in short supply already) ...read more.

Conclusion

Festivals & Celebrations ? marches/rallies/festivals = success Culture ? How to control these works? Solutions Newspapers ? Take over them and put in trustworthy journalists who knew what to report. Anti-Nazi ones closed and by 1944 there were only 1000 daily newspapers Films ? Encourage more and put in some political films. Only allowed in at the beginning of the film so people had to watch the Nazi newsreels and they had to watch short documentary films Radio ? ?The People?s Reciever? ? cheap. By 1939 70% had one, 6000 loudspeaker pillars erected Festival/Celebrations ? ?New? festivals put in such as Hitler?s Birthday in April Culture ? Goebbels set up the Reich Chamber of Culture ? everyone had to be a member to publish things ? guidelines set up and books burnt Women Gertrude Scholtz-Klink = perfect example 1. Had children 2. Did as she was told and well behaved and well dressed (no makeup and flat heels) 3. Her place was at home ...read more.

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