• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Previous attempts to bring peace to Northern Ireland have failed. What problems will need to be overcome if the current peace talks are to succeed?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Year 10 Coursework - June/July 2002 Modern World - Establishing Peace in Northern Ireland Assignment 2 the Irish Question (Objective 1) 3) Previous attempts to bring peace to Northern Ireland have failed. What problems will need to be overcome if the current peace talks are to succeed? In your answer you should consider: d) 2 previous attempts at peace in your life time; e) The breakthroughs which have been made; f) The problems that still exist (12 marks) Due to the amount of violence that has occurred in Northern Ireland there has been many attempts to bring peace back to the country. All of the previous attempts have failed. However The Downing Street Declaration 1993 was a big step towards peace. This was agreed between Prime Minister John Major and the Taoiseach, Albert Reynolds. ...read more.

Middle

Another step towards peace was The Good-Friday Agreement, the ceasefires that have been made by the IRA and the Downing Street Declaration. In 1997, 31 August the IRA announced a complete ceasefire and then in October that year the Loyalists declared the same. But this was a development because by Christmas there was peace. The Downing Street declaration that I have explained above led to a more peaceful future by threatening people to not cause violence or else it would be out of the declaration. The Good Friday Agreement 1998, this included a review of policing in Northern Ireland and a new Northern Ireland Assembly with 108 members would be set up. All key decisions would require the consent of both communities in the province. ...read more.

Conclusion

Some parts have been successful although some hadn't. We will see problems in Northern Ireland for a long time too come and whether these problems are solved is an ambiguity because the two governments cannot please everyone. As long as violence goes on so does the battle for peace. In July 1999 the Assembly fell apart when the Unionists refused to take part in forming a new government because the IRA had not started decommissioning weapons. Senator George Mitchell had to carry out a review to rescue the peace process. The latest and most damaging event has been the allegation that republicans have been running a spying operation in the Northern Ireland Office. David Trimble committed his party to pulling out of power sharing in January 2003 if republicans did not commit themselves to exclusively peaceful means. The spying allegations prompted Mr Trimble to bring forward his threat to walkout. GCSE History Coursework Richard Lees Mr Furlong ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. History Coursework: The continuing problems in Northern Ireland

    Partition. However, this left the problem of discrimination. In Northern Ireland, the almost wholly Protestant government consolidated its power through underhand tactics, such as Gerry Mandering, making sure that it won every election, allowing it to continue discriminating against the Catholic minority. In response to this blatant segregation, the Civil Rights Movement was set up.

  2. Why has it been difficult to obtain peace in Northern Ireland?

    Another factor that has made it difficult to obtain peace in Northern Ireland is the Hunger Strikes of 1980-1981. Members of the IRA that had been imprisoned were treated like everyday criminals, but they wanted to be recognised as prisoners of war.

  1. Previous attempts to bring peace to Northern Ireland have failed. What problems need to ...

    They would not have had much support, if it were not for the intimidation used by the Paramilitaries. This caused Northern Ireland to come to a virtual stand-still. In response to this, the Executive and Faulkner resigned on May 27th.

  2. How successful has the peace process in Northern Ireland been?

    The Anglo - Irish Agreement - 1985 ? The Downing Street Declaration - 1985 ? The Good Friday Agreement -1998 Each of these Initiatives had both successes and failures. In turn I will explain each of the Initiatives and talk about the things that went wrong and right for each one.

  1. Why has it been so Difficult to Bring Peace to Northern Ireland?

    The Home Rule issue was shelved during World War 1. This crisis set the agenda for future problems such as the Easter Rising and the eventual partition of Ireland. The Easter Rising is an example of the use of violence and the way in which individuals helped the rise of Sinn Fein as Northern Ireland's main Nationalist party.

  2. To what extent does the "Good Friday Agreement" represent a turning point for the ...

    Mo Mowlam became aware from the outset that her new job was exceedingly tasking and incredibly tough. In June more IRA violence took place and for the second year running there were disputed between Loyalists and police about the Drumcree march in July.

  1. Previous attempts to bring peace to Northern Ireland have failed. What problems will need ...

    There was a ceasefire by the IRA shortly afterwards but still disagreements about decommissioning, this just lead to more violence, such as Canary Warf. In 1998, Unionists and Nationalists within the British and Irish Governments signed The Good Friday Agreement.

  2. How has Northern Ireland changed since the Good Friday Agreement, and what previous attempts ...

    decommission some weapons, despite this, a clause in the Good Friday Agreement meant that publication of the details of amounts and types of weapons were banned. Therefore unionists had to go by the word of the international group in charge of decommissioning, leaving them unsure as to what extent it had occurred.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work