Page
  1. 1
    1
  2. 2
    2
  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: History
  • Document length: 1343 words

Problems Facing The Weimar Republic .

Extracts from this essay...

Introduction

Rachel Evans 10W. The Weimar Republic was set up in Germany after world war one, after the Kaiser had been abducted in 1918 . It was the most democratic government in the world, even allowing women to vote. The new government got off to a bad start, Germany was nearly bankrupt and unemployment was higher than ever. They were labelled âNovember criminalsâ due to the agreement of the treaty of Versailles and unpaid reparations lead to challenges from political extremists. The new system of government was weak and faced some economic disasters such as hyperinflation in 1923 and the Wall Street Crash that left Germany under serious strain in 1929. In some ways they dealt with these problems successfully but in others not. The problem the Weimar government faced was the resentment German people had against the Politianâs that signed the treaty of Versailles. They were names the âNovember criminals.â Germans disagreed with the terms of the peace treaty and few accepted that Germany was responsible for the First World War and depended on the politicians to deliver this point across. The treaty demanded high levels of reparations which made it difficult for the Weimar republic to cope with the economic strain. The public became even more portrayed when this lead to the Ruhr invasion.

Middle

They were successful again in a big revolt a year later in 1920 in stopping the Freikorps. It came about by the Allies ordering the Weimar to shut down the Freikorps. They felt betrayed by this and marched to Berlin armed. With Weimar without the support of the army they turned to the workers. All workers went on strike leaving the Freikorps unsuccessful in their revolt because there was no public services and industry. The Munich putsch was another big putsch that Hitler led. It was very unorganized and badly planned. Hitler thought it was a perfect time to seize power but he was wrong. The putschists were not even unified in their goals and they somehow had no real plan what to do once they started. They might have expected to gain thousands of supporters very quickly by having famous General Ludendorff as their a world war one hero but in the end only 100 soldiers turned up to contribute to the riot. On the 9 November 1923, Hitler and his Nazis went into Munich on what they thought would be a triumphal march to take power. However, Kahr had called in police and army reinforcements. The police were forced to killed 16 Nazis.

Conclusion

Workers were laid off in their millions and Germany was back to square one. The Weimar republic is traditionally known as a failure that led Germany into depression but many problems they faced were dealt with successfully. The republic destroyed the three main revolts I discussed earlier and put Germany out of violent danger. Also Stresemann and Owen Young introuduced the Dawes Plan, The Young Plan and signed the Locarno Treaty which reduced reparation, increased the time Germany had to repay the reparations and Germany was accepted into the League of Nations. But despite these successes the republic dealt with the majority of problems unsuccessfully. They got off to a bad start by lots of Germans labelled them the âNovember criminalsâ because they agreed to the treaty of Versailles. Even though the economic crisis seemed to be recovering in 1923 onwards, Owen Young and Stresemannâs major improvements were crushed by the the Wall Street Crash which put Germany in the original state they began with. The new constitution was partly beneficial to Germany by giving every German citizen over 20 a vote and all citizens the right of speech and religion but the Article 43 was not clearly thought out not stating what an emergency was and proportional representation lead to no one party leading the government and lots disagreed on how the country should be run. Overall I think the republic was unsuccessful as more problems werenât solved successfully than successfully solved.

The above preview is unformatted text

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • Over 150,000 essays available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Over 180,000 student essays
  • Every subject and level covered
  • Thousands of essays marked by teachers

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    General von Seeckt, Chief of Staff of the Reichswehr refused to use the army to put down the coup. The Kapp Putsch was defeated however, because the Berlin workers and civil servants were opposed to a military dictatorship, and called a general strike.

  2. What were the main problems for the Weimar Republic 1918-23?

    the parliamentary democracy, the USPD who were to an extent caught in the middle as their aim was an entirely socialist society and lastly the KPD, an extreme revolutionary left wing breakaway group of the USPD. The KPD believed that Weimar had not gone far enough and were aiming to provoke a socialist revolution, taking inspiration from Bolshevik Russia.

  1. Nazism and the New Age.

    valid astronomy and physics in favor of occult-based pseudo-theories such as the "doctrine of eternal cosmic ice" concocted by Hans Hoerbiger, a mechanical engineer. It was Dietrich Eckart who introduced his protege Hitler to Hoerbiger's work, and its similarity to Thule mythology on new ages birthed from ice was immediately recognized.

  2. How successful was Stresemann in dealing with the problems faced by the Weimar Republic ...

    The Treaty was between Germany, Britain, France, Italy and Belgium. Germany agreed to retain its new 1919 border with France and Belgium in return that the Allied troops left the Rhineland; France promised peace with Germany and the powers of the Pact were to talk about Germany joining the League of Nations.

  1. Weimar, 1918 - 1923

    Once it had brought him to power it became pure decoration." 6. Economics and the Ruhr a. Reparations The Allies did not agree on a final sum for the Germans to pay in 1919. Therefore, this task was given to the Allied Reparations Commission.

  2. Why did the Nazis replace the Weimar Republic?

    Methods used by Goebbels 1. Brought all broadcasting under Nazi control by creating the Reich Radio Company. He arranged the dismissal of 13% of the staff on racial and political grounds. Government also made the wireless a cheap product, so more people would be encouraged to buy a set.

  1. Collapse of the Weimar republic.

    It waited for the national government to do so. Article 48 It could be done under Article 48, providing for emergency suspension of civil rights, without fear of legal challenge. In 1930 the Prussian government did exclude the Nazis and Communists from municipal offices and the civil service and prohibited the wearing of uniforms.

  2. The collapse of the Weimar republic.

    Papen also decided to gain the support of the Nazi Party by lifting the ban on the Sturm Abteilung (SA), thereby strengthening the Nazi's assertion. This was followed by deposing the Social Democratic Party government in Prussia, Germany ceased to be a federal state of the kind envisaged in the

  • Over 180,000 essays
    written by students
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to write
    your own great essays

Marked by a teacher

This essay has been marked by one of our great teachers. You can read the full teachers notes when you download the essay.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review on the essay page.

Peer reviewed

This essay has been reviewed by one of our specialist student essay reviewing squad. Read the full review under the essay preview on this page.