Problems Facing The Weimar Republic .
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ï»¿Rachel Evans 10W. The Weimar Republic was set up in Germany after world war one, after the Kaiser had been abducted in 1918 . It was the most democratic government in the world, even allowing women to vote. The new government got off to a bad start, Germany was nearly bankrupt and unemployment was higher than ever. They were labelled âNovember criminalsâ due to the agreement of the treaty of Versailles and unpaid reparations lead to challenges from political extremists. The new system of government was weak and faced some economic disasters such as hyperinflation in 1923 and the Wall Street Crash that left Germany under serious strain in 1929. In some ways they dealt with these problems successfully but in others not. The problem the Weimar government faced was the resentment German people had against the Politianâs that signed the treaty of Versailles. They were names the âNovember criminals.â Germans disagreed with the terms of the peace treaty and few accepted that Germany was responsible for the First World War and depended on the politicians to deliver this point across. The treaty demanded high levels of reparations which made it difficult for the Weimar republic to cope with the economic strain. The public became even more portrayed when this lead to the Ruhr invasion.
They were successful again in a big revolt a year later in 1920 in stopping the Freikorps. It came about by the Allies ordering the Weimar to shut down the Freikorps. They felt betrayed by this and marched to Berlin armed. With Weimar without the support of the army they turned to the workers. All workers went on strike leaving the Freikorps unsuccessful in their revolt because there was no public services and industry. The Munich putsch was another big putsch that Hitler led. It was very unorganized and badly planned. Hitler thought it was a perfect time to seize power but he was wrong. The putschists were not even unified in their goals and they somehow had no real plan what to do once they started. They might have expected to gain thousands of supporters very quickly by having famous General Ludendorff as their a world war one hero but in the end only 100 soldiers turned up to contribute to the riot. On the 9 November 1923, Hitler and his Nazis went into Munich on what they thought would be a triumphal march to take power. However, Kahr had called in police and army reinforcements. The police were forced to killed 16 Nazis.
Workers were laid off in their millions and Germany was back to square one. The Weimar republic is traditionally known as a failure that led Germany into depression but many problems they faced were dealt with successfully. The republic destroyed the three main revolts I discussed earlier and put Germany out of violent danger. Also Stresemann and Owen Young introuduced the Dawes Plan, The Young Plan and signed the Locarno Treaty which reduced reparation, increased the time Germany had to repay the reparations and Germany was accepted into the League of Nations. But despite these successes the republic dealt with the majority of problems unsuccessfully. They got off to a bad start by lots of Germans labelled them the âNovember criminalsâ because they agreed to the treaty of Versailles. Even though the economic crisis seemed to be recovering in 1923 onwards, Owen Young and Stresemannâs major improvements were crushed by the the Wall Street Crash which put Germany in the original state they began with. The new constitution was partly beneficial to Germany by giving every German citizen over 20 a vote and all citizens the right of speech and religion but the Article 43 was not clearly thought out not stating what an emergency was and proportional representation lead to no one party leading the government and lots disagreed on how the country should be run. Overall I think the republic was unsuccessful as more problems werenât solved successfully than successfully solved.
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