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The 1913 lockout, 1916 rising, the treaty of 1921 and the causes of the civil war, 1922 John Redmond became the leader of the Home rule party when the English election was a draw

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Introduction

The 1913 lockout, 1916 rising, the treaty of 1921 and the causes of the civil war, 1922 John Redmond became the leader of the Home rule party when the English election was a draw. Neither the conservatives nor liberals got a majority. Redmond and the home rule party now held the balance of power. The leader of the liberals, Asquith, promised Redmond in 1910 that Ireland would have home rule by 1914. Redmond accepted. The unionists refused to accept and decided to fight against it. They got 2 great leaders, Edward Carson and James Craig. They monster demonstrations they had were the only demonstration ever were 90% of their population turned out. They signed the "Ulster solemn league and covenant" in their own blood. They sent this petition to the British parliament to show they were completely against home rule and it wouldn't be accepted. The British didn't pay much attention to it so they formed the Ulster Volunteers and armed themselves with guns form Hamburg. These guns were moved to and stored in Larne, Co. Antrim. No-one made any effort to stop them as the police agreed with them. They now had a private unionist army in Northern Ireland, ready to fight. In response to this, Eoin Mc Neill set up the Irish Volunteers in the south. They also got their guns from Hamburg. These were transported to Howth. Women took them from there, up their dresses, past the British checkpoints. ...read more.

Middle

and surrendered. This was a complete military disaster for the Irish. There were 450 killed, 2,600 wounded and 1,840 Irish rebels sent to prison camps in Britain. General Maxwell and General Lowe were in charge of the British troops. After the rebellion was over the British left both of them in charge and were warned not to do anything else, that the rebellion was over and they should just leave it at that. They decided to execute the 15 leaders of the rebellion in Killmaonon Gaol, 2 by 2. Between the 3rd and the 12th of May, 1916, 15 rebel leaders were executed. The British even executed James Connolly and James Plunkett who were already dying. The Irish public were outraged by the executions and started to support the rebels. Their books and poems became bestsellers and posters of them sold out. A British military victory had become a rebel's political victory. The Irish people now wanted a 32 county Irish Republic. They wanted complete freedom from British rule. Arthur Griffith set up Sinn F�in. Although they didn't take part in the rebellion, Griffith was arrested and jailed and Sinn F�in was blamed for the rebellion. Eamon De Valera took part in the 1916 rebellion but his life was spared because he was an American citizen was in a prison camp in Britain. Michael Collins who fought in the G.P.O. was also in one of these camps. Lloyd George became the prime minister of Britain and was known as the "Welsh wizard". ...read more.

Conclusion

2. Had to take an oath of allegiance to the king. 3. You can deal with domestic affairs yourself (army, passports, currency etc.) 4. Your own parliament in Dublin. 5. Boundary commission would be set up to examine boarder with view to getting rid of it 6. English wanted to keep some ports: Bearstown, Cobh, and Lough Swilley. The treaty was signed in London and brought back to Dublin for ratification. The politicians and the army were divided. De Valera especially was angry. The I.R.A took sides. The Dail met on Dec. 14th, 1921 and had a bitter debate. Arguments for the treaty were that there would be peace, a withdrawal of British troops and limited freedom to get full freedom. Collins described it as a "stepping stone" to a full republic. The arguments against the treaty were that we weren't free, still part of British Empire, had to take an oath of allegiance and that we already had a republic but a free state was brought back. On the 7th of Jan., 1922 the Dail voted on the treaty. 64 TD's voted for and 57 against, a majority of 7 in favour of the treaty. But the I.R.A opposed to the treaty and in April, 1922 they seized the 4 courts in Dublin. In June, 1922 the people of Ireland voted for the treaty but the I.R.A still refused to listen and the Irish civil war began. Arthur Griffith and Michael Collins were both killed during this war. Collins was shot dead in Beal Na Blath and Griffith died from a brain haemorrhage because of stress. ?? ?? ?? ?? ...read more.

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