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The causes of the Bolshevik revolution

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Introduction

Matthew Hoey 11G Mr Evans History History coursework 2 1) The causes of the Bolshevik revolution were many, one of the main causes were "The abdication of Tsar". The war went very badly for russia. They had suffered twenty defeats at the battles of Tanenburg and the Masurian lakes. With Tsar away there was chaos at home agriculture and industry were devestated, transport systems were crippled stopping trade and supplies to cities. This combined with the fact that the Tsar had taken personal control of his Russian armies, meant that he must take full responsibility for military defeats. Food was scarce in the city and prices rose dramatically, people could not afford to buy food or products. There was also a short supply of coal and after a bitter winter in 1916/17 the Tsar became hughly unpopular and with Lenin using phrases such as "peace!, bread! ...read more.

Middle

The effects of the first world war was the main short term affect that made the spark for the other causes to take place eg. the losses from the russian armies created an unpopular provisional goverment because russia did not have the power to run the country after the war. This was extreamly stressful. Kerensk failed to take effective action against the Bolsheviks. He used the red guards to prtect the provisional goverment in its infancy. Then the Tsar had to abdicate, the abdication of Tsar was also another key short term effect which led to the Bolshevik revolution. After that along term effect was in place the appeal of Marxism came about, it wasan attractive proposition for the poor workers of Russia. it was an idea of sharing, there is no private ownership and everything is state owned. ...read more.

Conclusion

The effects of the first world war was the spark that started the chain reaction in events that led to the Revolution. But the war also caused another key point in the revolution, "The Abdication Of Tsar" happened when the effects of the first world war had created a large number of losses for Russia, Tsar could not hold the country and had to abdicate leaving the Bolsheviks with a chance for a revoluion. The provisional goverment promised the allies that they would continue with the war, but the people wanted an end to the war as Russia had suffered terrible losses, Lenin leader of the Bolsheviks promised "Peace, land and bread" and "all power to the soviets" as his slogans became more popular the provisional goverment because they were what the people of Russia wanted at the time. ...read more.

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