• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The causes of the Bolshevik revolution

Extracts from this document...


Matthew Hoey 11G Mr Evans History History coursework 2 1) The causes of the Bolshevik revolution were many, one of the main causes were "The abdication of Tsar". The war went very badly for russia. They had suffered twenty defeats at the battles of Tanenburg and the Masurian lakes. With Tsar away there was chaos at home agriculture and industry were devestated, transport systems were crippled stopping trade and supplies to cities. This combined with the fact that the Tsar had taken personal control of his Russian armies, meant that he must take full responsibility for military defeats. Food was scarce in the city and prices rose dramatically, people could not afford to buy food or products. There was also a short supply of coal and after a bitter winter in 1916/17 the Tsar became hughly unpopular and with Lenin using phrases such as "peace!, bread! ...read more.


The effects of the first world war was the main short term affect that made the spark for the other causes to take place eg. the losses from the russian armies created an unpopular provisional goverment because russia did not have the power to run the country after the war. This was extreamly stressful. Kerensk failed to take effective action against the Bolsheviks. He used the red guards to prtect the provisional goverment in its infancy. Then the Tsar had to abdicate, the abdication of Tsar was also another key short term effect which led to the Bolshevik revolution. After that along term effect was in place the appeal of Marxism came about, it wasan attractive proposition for the poor workers of Russia. it was an idea of sharing, there is no private ownership and everything is state owned. ...read more.


The effects of the first world war was the spark that started the chain reaction in events that led to the Revolution. But the war also caused another key point in the revolution, "The Abdication Of Tsar" happened when the effects of the first world war had created a large number of losses for Russia, Tsar could not hold the country and had to abdicate leaving the Bolsheviks with a chance for a revoluion. The provisional goverment promised the allies that they would continue with the war, but the people wanted an end to the war as Russia had suffered terrible losses, Lenin leader of the Bolsheviks promised "Peace, land and bread" and "all power to the soviets" as his slogans became more popular the provisional goverment because they were what the people of Russia wanted at the time. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Russia, USSR 1905-1941 essays

  1. Account for the success of the Bolshevik revolution in

    factories and soldiers in the barracks...enjoyed much more prestige in the minds of the masses than the provisional government.' Despite the control of the Soviets over troops through the issue of 'Order No.1', the rail lines and the telegraph service, they enjoyed limited definitive power.

  2. The blance sheet for russia.

    The urgent task facing the government was to spread the authority of Soviet power - the rule of the working class - throughout all Russia. On the 5th January 1918, the government issued a directive which declared that the local soviets were from then on invested with all the powers

  1. There were many causes of the Bolshevik Revolution. Which do you consider to ...

    He did however make enemies, but he dealt with this by hanging his opposition, a practice which earnt him a reputation and lead to the gallows being referred to as Stolypins necktie. Stolypin banished Rasputin from St Petersburg, much to the annoyance of the Tsarina, but after Stolypins assassination in 1912 Rasputin returned and his influence increased.

  2. Explain how Marxism contributed to the Bolshevik Revolution

    Those who remained behind received their own small areas of land to work. Nicholas' most able minister, Stolypin, agreed to let peasants take their share of the land in the village as private property. Eventually the more able peasants got bigger areas of land until the bad farmers had nothing.

  1. Tsar's Russia & revolution, Hitler's rise to power revison notes.

    Decree on banking (all banks under Sovnarkom control) Decree on Marriage (Allowed easier divorces + non-religious weddings) Banned other parties and set up Political Police force (Cheka) Elections were held and the Bolsheviks lost but Lenin was ruthless and wanted to keep power to he cheated and destroyed the socialists.

  2. There were many causes of the Bolshevik Revolution

    The lack of coal and fuel in the cities meant that the people in the cities had to go cold and there was a shortage of power. As a result of the shortage of supplies, the prices of goods had to rise, but the wages were hardly going up at all.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work