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The Causes of the First World War.

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The Causes of the First World War The First World War was fought between 1914 and 1918. People called the war Great War because that is the First war they ever seen. There are lots of country involved the main powers are Germany, Austria - Hungary, Britain, France and Russia. In this essay I am going to discuss about long term and short term causes and how they linked to the Great War. An event such as a war may have many complicated causes, but it often needs what historians call a "trigger" to set it off. Most people agree that that the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the trigger that set off the Great War. Franz Ferdinand was the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary. He was assassinated on 28 June 1914 by terrorists from one of Austria-Hungary's rival powers, Serbia. ...read more.


Germany decided to go ahead and help Austria-Hungary. She declared war on Russia (1 August) and on France (3 August). The German army prepared to attack France through Belgium just as General Stiffen had planned. The Germans wanted the British government to ignore the Treaty of London, to let the German army pass through Belgium and so keep Britain out of the war. Later that same day, 4 August 1914, Germany attacked France through Belgium. Within hours, Britain declared war on Germany, which had now broken the Treaty of London. The Kaiser said how foolish he thought the British were. The short term causes are the Germany's invasion of neutral Belgium, the behaviour of Austria towards Serbia after the assassination Franz Ferdinand and the assassination in Sarajevo of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The long term causes are the alliance system, suspicion between the main powers, Germany's desire to dominate Europe, the size of the British Empire and Germany's fear of being surrounded by France and Russia. ...read more.


I think the most important causes are the suspicion between the main powers because Germany thinks they got the most powers and British thinks they got the most powers, so as all countries, this made the war because all the countries thinks they got more powers so they want to show they powers so they started a war. The causes is the short term causes because they assassination Archduke Franz Ferdinand this linked war between Austria - Hungary and Serbia, Serbia apart of Russia, so it Austria - Hungary and Russia, if it is Austria - Hungary that means France so this between France and Russia, if it is Russia that means Britain and France then France's head Germany, so it is between Britain and Germany, this is how the short term caused and that made the Great War. Melroy Satkunarajah 9JHO ...read more.

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