• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

The Causes of the First World War.

Extracts from this document...


The Causes of the First World War The First World War was fought between 1914 and 1918. People called the war Great War because that is the First war they ever seen. There are lots of country involved the main powers are Germany, Austria - Hungary, Britain, France and Russia. In this essay I am going to discuss about long term and short term causes and how they linked to the Great War. An event such as a war may have many complicated causes, but it often needs what historians call a "trigger" to set it off. Most people agree that that the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand was the trigger that set off the Great War. Franz Ferdinand was the heir to the throne of Austria-Hungary. He was assassinated on 28 June 1914 by terrorists from one of Austria-Hungary's rival powers, Serbia. ...read more.


Germany decided to go ahead and help Austria-Hungary. She declared war on Russia (1 August) and on France (3 August). The German army prepared to attack France through Belgium just as General Stiffen had planned. The Germans wanted the British government to ignore the Treaty of London, to let the German army pass through Belgium and so keep Britain out of the war. Later that same day, 4 August 1914, Germany attacked France through Belgium. Within hours, Britain declared war on Germany, which had now broken the Treaty of London. The Kaiser said how foolish he thought the British were. The short term causes are the Germany's invasion of neutral Belgium, the behaviour of Austria towards Serbia after the assassination Franz Ferdinand and the assassination in Sarajevo of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. The long term causes are the alliance system, suspicion between the main powers, Germany's desire to dominate Europe, the size of the British Empire and Germany's fear of being surrounded by France and Russia. ...read more.


I think the most important causes are the suspicion between the main powers because Germany thinks they got the most powers and British thinks they got the most powers, so as all countries, this made the war because all the countries thinks they got more powers so they want to show they powers so they started a war. The causes is the short term causes because they assassination Archduke Franz Ferdinand this linked war between Austria - Hungary and Serbia, Serbia apart of Russia, so it Austria - Hungary and Russia, if it is Austria - Hungary that means France so this between France and Russia, if it is Russia that means Britain and France then France's head Germany, so it is between Britain and Germany, this is how the short term caused and that made the Great War. Melroy Satkunarajah 9JHO ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Marked by a teacher

    Why Did The First World War Break Out in 1914?

    5 star(s)

    To complete the picture, Britain and France then declared war on Austria on 12th August. As you can see this all started off a chain reaction throughout Europe causing the First World War to take place. Due to the evidence above I think that the assassination of the Archduke and

  2. World War 1 - long and short term causes of the war.

    He puts on 7 lucky charms (to eradicate evil) and a bullet proof jacket. But the assassination just proved how useless that turned out to be... Everything was set and ready for the assassination - it was just a matter of time.

  1. Long term Causes of World War 1

    The breakup of the Ottoman Empire in Eastern Europe & The loss of Alsace-Lorraine by France to Germany during the 1880s In Eastern Europe: The breakup of the Ottoman Empire in Eastern Europe, leading to the Slavic independence movements in areas such as Bulgaria, Romania and Serbia.

  2. What where the causes of WW1

    After learning that the assassination attempt was unsuccessful Princip who was the lead assassin went to nearby Schiller's delicatessen for a sandwich. Coming out, he saw Franz Ferdinand's car reversing, after having taken a wrong turn near the Latin Bridge.

  1. Describe the short term causes of WW1.

    evidence of the assassination lead to Serbia, the evidence showed links to Serbia (the 'black hand') and the military intelligence which tell us it was not just a terrorist group within Serbia which planned the attack, on the other hand many people will say that Austria-Hungary went too far when

  2. Questions on World War One.

    1 Give up Bismarck's principle of check and balance. - replaced by an erratic foreign policy - blunder and ignorance - withdraw from the friendship with Russia - to secede the reconciliation with France and alliance with England Bismarck's intricate and delicate system then broke down and was impossible to be erected again.

  1. Dear Diary, It was the start of the Christmas month and I was ready ...

    We had to wear cloths not even washed and so we could catch loads of diseases and also we would have to wear wet, old boots for long periods of time and this made people suffer from trench foot. Also mice are huge problems because they get into the troops food and they can affect it.

  2. The Alliance System and the Causes of the First World War

    3. Source J displays Germany in an effort to prevent a war, however source K displays the Germans as the aggressors. These two sources also emphasise the difference of opinions between the people of Germany and the Berlin government. Source J displays Germany as 'a man fighting for his life', whereas

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work