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'The New Deal was not a complete success' - Explain how far you agree with this statement.

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'The New Deal was not a complete success'. Explain how far you agree with this statement (10) In 1929, 9.5 million people in the USA were unemployed. This unemployment problem was only improved, exclusively because of the start of the Second World War. The war meant that many people had to be drafted into the US army and that meant that more people got jobs. Roosevelt's New Deal did not improve the employment structure. Roosevelt did, however, help make sure that the depression didn't get any worse than it already was when he came into power. Within the first four years of his government (1933-1937), unemployment dropped by an immense 5.1 million. Roosevelt also used the Federal Government to set up something called 'deficit funding'. He wanted to help rectify the situation in America, even if it meant that he had to spend the money he never had. He used 'deficit funding', which were a number of loans, in order to keep pumping money into the economy. Roosevelt's aim was to bring everybody in the country back into employment, but this never happened. The Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA) was set up as an emergency measure in order to stop starvation. This worked by giving grants to local governments, who gave money to the most needy, in order to keep them from starving. ...read more.


The Supreme Court tried to hinder these two acts as they thought that it was unconstitutional. The Wagner Act was set up to stop mistreatment of workers, but companies found ways around strikes. They hired strike breakers, who used to beat up people that were causing the strike. However, despite numerous strikes in 1937, the New Deal laws did result in 80% of strikes being settled in the favour of the workers. This meant that the rights of workers increased but this hindered economic growth when workers went on strike. This was a contradiction to Roosevelt's aims. The New Deal did very little to help the extremely poor and the blacks. The poorest in society were mainly the blacks. Nevertheless, the New Deal did provide much needed emergency aid to stop people from starving. There was very little to stop the racial attacks that were taking place on the blacks. Laws that were going to be passed that would stop lynching were rejected, as Roosevelt did not support these bills. Roosevelt needed to sacrifice the well being of certain groups in society to ensure his New Deal got through to people. The reason why Roosevelt did not help the blacks was because he wanted the support of the people in the south of the country (those who were predominantly racist). ...read more.


However, he had to make sure that he struck a fine balance. He had to make sure that he gave enough money into society so that he could stimulate the economy, but he also had to make sure that he didn't spend too much money otherwise it would have been seen as a waste. His polices were also seen as inconsistent because they concentrated on some areas and not on others. He also undermined the constitution when he threatened the Supreme Court. However, personally I think that Roosevelt tried his best to bring America out of its economic slump and he was successful at this to a certain extent. After he came into power the economic crisis did improve. However, he didn't bring the country back to full employment and potential like he promised. The New Deal showed that the federal government should have a part to play in the governments running. The government also regulated other areas of society in order to improve people's lives. The New Deal provided immediate help for the underprivileged as the unemployment rates dropped by 1.5 million in one year. The nation's resources developed for the future. However, World War Two solved America's problems and not the New Deal. Personally, I think that the New Deal was not a complete success, as it didn't bring the country back to full employment like Roosevelt had promised, and it was World War 2 that managed to put many people back at work. Abbas Tejani ...read more.

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