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The Rise of the Nazis - Voted into Power?

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Introduction

1 - The Rise of the Nazis - Voted into Power? Lenman started by introducing FOUR themes that he was going to develop during his lecture, they were: 1 THE DEPRESSION - that the crisis of the Depression eventually broke the back of the Weimar Republic and he used election results to help make this point at this stage - 1928 - NSDAP 12 seats 1930 - NSDAP 107 seats - suggesting that this leap in representation/support underlines the importance of the Depression on the rise of the Nazis. 2 THE EROSION OF THE MIDDLE GROUND OF GERMAN POLITICS - He suggested that the polarisation of opinion in Germany was a further key issue in the Nazi rise. 3 THE EXTREMES - that the fear of Communism may have been one of the key motivating factors for many to support the Nazis. 4 SUPPORT - this he divided into two parts - a) Which elements in German society voted Nazi b) In November 1932 when the Nazis had reached their electoral ceiling, Hitler realised that he needed support from the establishment - The Military Industry. ...read more.

Middle

It was this increase that saw the growth of the `fear factor' amongst many in German society, especially the middle-classes who believed in the threat of a Communist seizure, encouraged by Hitler's propaganda machine, and were thus driven to the Nazis. By 1932 the NSDAP was the biggest political movement in German history - i It was a violently anti-Communist and hyper-nationalist movement, identifying itself the `Right' in order to gain support and respect BUT it was not conservative ii It was a radical party committed to change in political policies and personnel iii It was a party with a modern approach, it wanted to break the mould of German politics, previously various elements in society had aligned themselves with particular parties - Working-class - KPD Catholics - Zentrum Bavarians - Bavarian Party - The Nazis attempted to create a party that appealed to a cross-section of German society and that although committed to bringing down parliament and democracy would use the twin cloaks of legality and respectability to achieve power. 4 a) At this time, Germany was regionalised and federal which lead to a complicated political structure and thus Lenman suggested that there were many elements who have to be considered in helping ...read more.

Conclusion

was passed by 512 votes to 42 and the Army believed that it would have to defend the government if a civil war broke out. Further, the military hierarchy feared that outsiders would attempt to take advantage of such a situation and intervene particularly the Poles and French. Thus they considered their options, they would not turn to the KPD, who anyway only had 14% of the vote, and thus the only real alternative was the Nazis (37%) with whom they felt they could do business, in the short-term. In the long-term - rearmament revisionism and the desire to return to former glories were areas of agreement and the Nazis looked even more attractive in this light, especially when compared to the Weimar regime that the military considered pacifistic and welfare-minded. The Army wanted a `warfare state' not a welfare state, which would include rearmament, the reinstatement of militaristic values and the expulsion of leftist tendencies. They believed that their would be a conflict at some stage with Poland and/or France and it was thought that the Nazis could help to gain success in these actions - this may be supported by the appointment of von Blomberg as Minister of War in Hitler's government. ...read more.

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