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The Weimar Republic was declared on 9th November 1918, although its first elections were on the 19th January of 1919 out of the defeat of the First World War

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Introduction

The Weimar Republic was declared on 9th November 1918, although its first elections were on the 19th January of 1919 out of the defeat of the First World War and lasted until Hitler abused Article 48 of the Weimar constitution in 1933 to turn Germany into a totalitarian state. The republic faced unpopularity right from the beginning. In June 1919, the German delegates were forced to sign the humiliating treaty of Versailles in which Germany was forced to accept full responsibility for the First World War (Article 231) and to pay �6.6 billion in reparations. There was also the 'Dolchstosstheorie', the stab in the back theory in which it was the Politicians that brought the Germans out of the war when they were so close to victory. All of these problems provided the basis for some of the other problems which the faced the new republic. Right from the beginning of the republic until the very end, Germany faced constant threats from both the extreme left and right-wing militants to take power. In March of 1919, there was a Berlin 'spartarcist' (KPD) uprising in which 1200 workers were killed. In the same month, Bavaria was proclaimed a soviet republic. ...read more.

Middle

The only other major right wing uprising was Hitler's Munich putsch in November 1923 in which an army of 2000 Nazi soldiers was met by armed police and Bavarian soldiers. 14 Nazis were killed. The only other tactic that was used by both the left and the right was the assassinations of government officials. In total 376 government officials were assassinated. 354 by the right and 22 by the left although only 17 left assassins were convicted and 1 from the right. During these assassinations the governments remained in office. One of the other major problems that the Weimar republic had to deal with was hyperinflation. The vast reparations that Germany was forced to pay caused the government to print more money. As prices rose in Germany, the public began to lose confidence in the currency. Wages were paid twice a day to take into account the rise in inflation, which led to expectations augmented inflation, a wage, price inflationary spiral. In July 1914, $1 was worth 4.2 Marks, on the 25th October 1923 it had reached 260,208,000 marks and ten days later on the 4th November it was 200,000,000,000 marks to the U.S. ...read more.

Conclusion

The right was always used to put down the left although the government had to use its own initiative to put down the right offences. Although there were many more left incidents, these were much less severe than the two major right ones i.e. the Kapp Putsch and Munich Putsch. These two incidents were dealt with decisively and effectively. The hyperinflationary crisis was left to go too far until something was done about it however what was done seemed to work. Unemployment was avoided so it can be concluded that it was not as serious as the other threats. The political instability that Germany suffered was never actually dealt with. Government just used tactics so that it wouldn't be too much of a problem. The system of proportional representation was one of the most democratic in the world and in a country with such political diversity; it was probably not a good idea to use it in a county which was so used to being ruled rather that ruling themselves. Therefore it could be said that because governments could not act on what needed to be done, that this was the most serious problem of all as it lead on to create the other problems. ...read more.

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