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To what extent are the problems of present day South Africa a legacy of the apartheid period?

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Introduction

South African coursework Question 3 To what extent are the problems of present day South Africa a legacy of the apartheid period? The system of apartheid collapsed in 1990 for many reasons. F.W de Klerk was the first white man that took over as president and made changes. His first speech was in February 1990, in this speech he set out some dramastic changes, he unbanned the ANC, PAC and SACP. He also announced the release of Nelson Mandela and his fellow prisoners; he said that he was going to work towards equal rights for all South Africans. F.W de Klerk had no choice to do this as South Africa was on the edge of a civil war between the races. A problem facing modern day South Africa is HIV and Aids. Aids are sweeping throughout South Africa, which is like a new black death that could kill most of the population. Aids is already killing 2 million people a year in Africa, this means that about 1 in 5 South Africans are infected. This means that if things don't improve half of all 15-year-old boys in the country will die of aids. ...read more.

Middle

A further problem facing modern day south Africa is the slow growth in the economy. The growth of the economy is at 3% instead of the normal rate of 6 - 7% that is needed to create jobs. The coverage of Aids had shook business confidence; this has had a negative effect on overseas investor confidence. The South African Reserve Bank blew $13 billion in 1998 in order to try and save the rand. In 2001 the economy had grown by 1.5% because of the improvements of productivity. Average incomes are low and really needs improving especially among the black community. The reason why the economy is not at the 6-7% where it should be is because no one knew how to attract investment, as no one wanted to invest in South Africa. Here is why apartheid was partially to blame for the slow growth of the economy. The white Africans were reluctant to invest in the economy believe that black leadings are not intelligent enough to run the economy. This is due to their poor education received under the apartheid. The economy needed the whites money to help keep it growing but they were afraid that they would loose their money. ...read more.

Conclusion

Johannesburg is probably one of the most dangerous places in the world today. The murder rate rose to 58.5 per 100,000. A rape is reported every 12 minutes. It is the highest rate of sexual attacks in the world. In 1999 there were 400,000 violent assaults and 58,000 frauds. Car jacks jumped to 30% to 9.1 per 100,000. Young children would watch helplessly as their parents die at the hands of ruthless criminals. As there are so many sexual attacks HIV and Aids spread very quickly across the population. This means that more people are dying because the life expectancy has dropped. Women with a life expectancy of 54 in 1999 would only survive 37 years by 2010. Men would live until they are 38, which affect the economy greatly. Crime is the number one issue for all races in South Africa. 500 policemen were murdered in 1998. This situation was made worse by the view of the government and the courts as they were ineffective or even for the criminals. There is a rise in vigilante groups. The police turned a blind eye to the Mapogo organisation because when they go into an area the crime rate goes down. Samantha Krzywopulski ...read more.

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