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To what extent did Operation Barbarossa fail due to overconfidence?

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Introduction

´╗┐To what extent did Operation Barbarossa fail due to overconfidence? Operation Barbarossa was the largest military attack in WWII, and its aim was to take control of Russia in order to gain ?living space? for Germany, take resources and destroy communism. Germany amassed 117 army divisions compared to the 132 amassed by Russia. The overconfidence of Germany, as well as many other factors led to Germany?s failure. One of the reasons leading to Germany?s failure was the weather conditions in Russia. The weather conditions in Russia caused a lake to freeze and form the ?Road of Life?, the only path to one of the major cities being attacked during this operation. ...read more.

Middle

Although at first Germany was able to take over some parts of Russia, the use of the ?Scorched earth? military tactic by Russia limited the number of resources available to the parts of the German army who succeeded in invading. This tactic caused supplies to be cut off from German army divisions, and stopped them from being able to hold their positions. The blitzkrieg tactic also left many parts of the army with no means of communication or supplies due to advancing too fast without support, and this led to the failure of the invasion. Intelligence plans on Russia were also inaccurate, such as roads which had been marked out on maps were in reality only roads that were not complete. ...read more.

Conclusion

Due to Germany?s overconfidence, they expected Russia to give in but in reality under the command of Stalin Russia was willing to use all means of defending the country against Germany, and did not surrender. The most important reason why Germany?s operation Barbarossa failed was due to the overconfidence of Germany. Germany believed that the invasion could be easily done in 4 months, before the winter weather started but in reality it took much longer, and Germany lacked the resources and preparation for a long term attack on Russia. The fact that Germany had not planned their attack strategy well also contributed to the failure of Operation Barbarossa, as well as the failure of the blitzkrieg tactic. ...read more.

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