• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

'To what extent did Protestant support for an independent Ireland change in the period 1798 - 1921?'

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

'To what extent did Protestant support for an independent Ireland change in the period 1798 - 1921?' The Union with Britain in 1801 was one of convenience, but only to the minority of the Protestant North who relied on the power of the British empire in economics, law and as Peaple said 'civilising' Ireland and also as S. J. Connolly said 'the indigenous Catholic peasantry.' Since the protestant landlord class settled in Ireland there has been immense strains and grievances, though we cannot say that Protestant support for the Union was always there, due to varying opinions of Irish Nationalists and of the Protestants. Also, the struggle to repeal the 1800 Act of Union succeeded, however the reason for this somewhat over-delayed ending was to a certain extent not the result of Britain's determination to maintain Ireland as part of the empire. When trying to see if Protestant support for an independent Ireland changed then we have to study certain events making close reference to events and particular historical outlooks. ...read more.

Middle

To the majority of British Prime Minister's they saw Ireland as lawless and felt that intervention by force was necessary and Adelman suggests that it was this lack of understanding that caused some of the troubles. Though, Kennedy and Johnson believe that it was the fact that the Protestants "Ruling Ascendancy didn't want to be ruled by Westminster" and they liked to rule themselves. It has been argued that following the post-war recession of 1815, with falling agricultural prices and financial deficit, the Union with Britain was arguably acting as a catalyst for the subsequent state of Ireland's internal decay. It's apparent that Britain was taking everything it could out of Ireland and was giving nothing back and the Ruling elite in Ireland, the Protestants were worried that the British market was out competing the Irish one and thus revenue coming into Ireland was grinding to a halt. Kennedy and Johnson go on to say that this fact online meant that some Protestants questioned the gains of the 'Union' during this period and felt that it 'was a one sided arrangement'. ...read more.

Conclusion

Charles Stewart Parnell, had legitimate control over the Land League, and was also respected amongst the Fenians, and had an able control over a loose coalition of nationalist groups. This meant that he had the majority of the control over the Irish. We can see that when Edward Carson came into power over the unionists, unionism as a political force grew out of Protestant fears that 'Home Rule' would mean 'Rome Rule in reaction to implementation of 'de-Anglicisation' by the Nationalists. It possible to say that the Irish Nationalists split into two distinct sections with Protestant support for an independent Ireland with the notion of a self- governing Ulster Union and those who saw the rebirth of Irish Nationalism as strictly Catholic and therefore supported the Union more strongly for economical and social benefits of the Union. We can say the Protestant support during this time period changes dramatically due to a number of issues but coexistence was never going to be seen in a independent Ireland because of the fundamental issues of religion and lifestyles. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. How far do these sources support the veiw that Irish Nationalism was a 'curious ...

    and thus remain popular, in c1916 the blend was one of violence and extremism. The previous condemnations by the Roman Catolic Church about organistaions such as Sinn Fein disappeared and they remained ambiguous in their silence. This almost justified Sinn Fein and meant that it helpeg to gain the popular

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    down their lives and prepare to give up their years of freedom for a cause they thought could not be challenged. That is on both the Catholic and Protestant side. The Introduction of the Policy of Criminalization British authorities, I think, realized by the mid-'70s that they were in for

  1. How Effectively did Irish Catholic and Nationalist Leaders advance their Cause in the years ...

    Act of 1833 abolished ten Anglican bishoprics in Ireland, thereby in small measure, reducing the financial burden on the Irish Catholics to support an alien church. O'Connell supported these measures. In 1849, it became obvious to O'Connell that the Whigs had no intention of supporting the repeal of the Act of Union, his next major project.

  2. To what extent can it be argued that the Jesuits were the most important ...

    because of the strict entry process the recruits had to go through in order to gain access to their resources and to actually become a Jesuit. The Jesuits also took part in something called Spiritual Exercises, which were made by their founder St.

  1. How realistic is a United Ireland in the context of past and present events? ...

    The idea today could be seen by Ireland as past events comparing it to James who had planted the Protestants and caused all of this conflict. The consequences of the Ulster plantation can hardly be exaggerated since they have been the direct cause of three hundred years of often bloody Irish and Anglo-Irish feuding.

  2. How far do the sources support the view that Irish Nationalism was an 'increasingly ...

    Furthermore, parish priests tended to support revolutionaries, whereas bishops were more conservative. The source identifies only two types of nationalism and shows that ambiguity of the church's attitude complicates nationalism. Source seven identifies another form or branch of nationalism: cultural nationalism.

  1. Why were some forms of opposition more successful than others in the period 1798-1921?

    He wanted the repeal of the Act of Union however there was much opposition In 1933 the government passed the Coercion Act which gave the police the power to jail without trial, this gave them the opportunity to break up meeting.

  2. In what ways did the Irish Question change between 1800 and 1922?

    The Repeal of the Test and Corporation Acts in February 1828 led to the County Clare election making it difficult for Tory leaders to ignore the issue of Catholic Emancipation. Therefore it could be seen that for the first time the Irish Question was impacting on the make up of the British Government.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work