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To what extent were economic problems the main issue in German history between 1919 and 1933?

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To what extent were economic problems the main issue in German history between 1919 and 1933? 1919 marked the end of World War One and 1933 was the year Hitler was appointed chancellor. Many believe that this was caused by a number of issues that took place during this period of time. German history between 1919 and 1933 cannot be explained by a single issue ? there were many. However there can be no doubt of the importance of economic problems and the impacts they made. For example, if the Wall Street Crash had never taken place, poverty would not have hit Germany so hard or perhaps it would have never hit at all. Although economic problems were, in my opinion, the main issue in German history there were also political issues such as the weakness of the Weimar Republic as it spent a lot of money that Germany did not have. There was also instability in government caused by the method of proportional representation affecting the important decisions that were made for the country. ...read more.


Artists such as George Grosz produced powerful shocking paintings. Source 25 shows one of his paintings named ?pillars of Society? in 1926 which criticised the politicians of the Weimar period. He felt too many leading figures in society still believed in the ideals of the Kaiser?s Germany and suggested this view in this painting as you can see the civilians still dream of military glory. Stresemann (although Chancellor only a few months) had a wide support as he helped the fact that through the 1920s the rest of Europe was gradually coming out of its post-war depression. Slowly but surely, he built up Germany?s prosperity again. Under the Dawes Plan reparation payments were spread over a longer period, and 800 million marks in loans from the USA poured into German industry. By 1927 German industry seemed to have recovered very well. In 1928 Germany finally regained its place the world?s second greatest industrial power (behind the USA). This prosperity that Stresemann brought in the Roaring Twenties soon came to an end on 14th October 1929 (black Thursday) ...read more.


After 1929, the determination of Hindenburg to rule by decree meaning that he could make up the rules as he went along was important, but the Wall Street Crash and the effects of the Depression on Germany were important too. The fact that the Depression hit Germany so hard was because of the number of loans set up to allow the payment of reparations, such as the Young Plan. Hitler was also able to profit by promising to destroy the Treaty of Versailles: nationalism was what bound the Nazi Party together. So, although Germany would have been weak without the Treaty of Versailles, the Treaty was probably the most important cause of its weakness. To conclude, I believe that economic problems played the main factor in German history between the years 1919 and 1933. This is because if the Great Depression had never taken place, Hitler would not have appealed so much to the then poverty struck suffering German population. Even Stresemann, foreign minister of Germany, knew that the economy was unstable, "dancing on a volcano", and because of this economic instability the Weimar Republic could not control the crisis, and extremist political parties became more popular. ...read more.

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