• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Using your own knowledge and all the sources, assess the role of violence in the Nazi consolidation of power, March 1933-August 1934.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Using your own knowledge and all the sources, assess the role of violence in the Nazi consolidation of power, March 1933-August 1934. The Nazi consolidation of power was achieved through a combination of violence, legal procedure and persuasion. Within a few months, Hitler had successfully replaced the Weimar constitution with the Nazi state system and established totalitarian rule in a one-party state. Propaganda was central to Nazi Germany and during the consolidation of power, Hitler made use of persuasion techniques to win popular support for the regime. On the Day of Potsdam, Goebbels organised a ceremony designed to appeal to the conservative establishment, but especially to the Catholics whose votes the Nazis needed to secure the successful passage of the Enabling Act. The propaganda stunt included street decorations and flags of old imperial Prussia, as well as speeches made by Hitler and President Hindenburg. Hitler was portrayed as a responsible statesman and seemed to advocate moderation. There was no mention of hatred for the opposition, racial ideology or threatening foreign policy, only a respect for traditional values and a willingness to submit to authority. ...read more.

Middle

Meanwhile, the Nazis were eager to advance the process of Gleichschaltung, and since German organised labour potentially posed a major threat to Nazism, Hitler arranged for the destruction of the trade unions. On 2 May 1933, the SA and SS took by force the trade union premises and the main leaders were arrested and imprisoned. Source four gives further detail about the Nazis strategy of violence against the Left. Hermann Goering hired 50,000 auxiliary policemen, mostly SA members, who committed acts of violence against their political opponents. Communists, Socialist militants and trade unionists were all attacked in a series of violent struggles involving the authorities. In March 1933 the first wave of anti-Jewish violence took place, with Jews being harassed and their possessions confiscated. On the 1 April, this was followed by a boycott on Jewish-owned businesses. This campaign was led by Nazi Propaganda Minister Joseph Goebbels, who urged for all Germans to avoid using Jewish shops. The boycott was justified as a legitimate response to the anti-German "atrocity propaganda" being spread abroad, especially in the USA, by "international Jewry." Although the boycott was unsuccessful and came to an end within several days, it was followed by a series of laws which robed Jews of many rights. ...read more.

Conclusion

Hitler was portrayed to the public in a favourable light as the saviour of Germany, having taken swift action to prevent civil war. A law on measures for the self-defence of the state was then passed which legalised all Nazi actions during the purge. This highlights the Nazi strategy of using propaganda to win support for Hitler and using the law to justify their actions and prevent any opposition. The elimination of the SA leaders was the last step in the regime's consolidation of power and marked the end of the process of gleichschaltung. In conclusion, violence and terror were an indispensable part of the Nazi consolidation of power. They helped to uphold solidarity within the regime and were highly effective in silencing resistance. However, the Nazis use of legal procedure was just as important as their use of violence. Although terror was the principle means used to maintain the regime's control over the state, persecuting their enemies and demanding 'external compliance' could not achieve stability for the regime. Hitler needed to give the dictatorship a sense of permanence, which he was able to do by exploited the democratic system and passing the Enabling Act to increase his party's power over Germany. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. How was Hitler able to win Power by 1933?

    William Carr describes this situation as; "it is inconceivable that Hitler could ever have come to power had not the Weimar republic been subjected to the unprecedented strain of a world economic crisis". Followed by immoral deal makings, Germany's condition because even more bleak, thus increased Hitler's chance in power.

  2. Describe and explain the rise to power of Hitler and the Nazi's (with reference ...

    It was without doubt that if there was nothing to constantly fuel Hitler's anger, in this case the Treaty of Versailles, he would never have come to power. After the First World War, Hitler continued to work for the government as a "V-Man", spying on political parties and finding out if they were dangerous to the new Weimar Republic.

  1. How important was the Reichstag fire in Hitlers consolidation of power?

    Each one of them had their advantages and disadvantages. The SA had been extremely loyal to Hitler in past years and he owed the success of many of his plans to them, but they were disorganized and were becoming ruthless and over violent.

  2. Studies of Sources from the Reichstag Fire - who was responsible?

    is best supported by the evidence: Van der Lubbe started the fire on his own; Van der Lubbe started it as a Communist plot, and the fire was started by the Nazis. To help to see which is the best supported, I will be also trying to see the reliability of each source.

  1. Why was Hitler able to transform his political position to one of dictatorship by ...

    The SA was unpopular with businessmen- whom Hitler had received lots of financial help off during his election campaign. 4) The SA was unpopular with the army who saw the SA as a rival and Hitler would need the army's support if Hitler was to take over Germany when Hindenburg died.

  2. The Consolidation of Power 1933-4

    They were perhaps a little busy catching a Dutch Communist called Van der Lubbe, who had matches and fire lighters on him (nice one). He had no connections to the German communist party but he was in contact with SA extremists in the days leading up to the fire.

  1. How Far Did The Nazis Control Everyday Life In Germany After 1933

    A huge organisation called "Strength through Joy" (Kraft durch Freude-KdF) was founded and had the job of organising people's leisure activities. This movement was run by Dr Robert Ley the leader of the German labour front. He worked out that there are 8,560 hours in a year and the average

  2. Assess the role played by conservative elites in propelling Hitler to power in Jan ...

    the Chancellorship because the Nazi's did not have the majority of the vote. However, the policies of the Chancellor Bruning started to take effect, when he was replaced by Franz Von Papen (conservative/nationalist) in May 1932. This was supported by the election votes on November 1932 when the Nazi's lost 34 seats and 2 million votes, a serious setback.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work