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What forms of propaganda were used by the state in Nazi Germany and howeffective were they?

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Introduction

What forms of propaganda were used by the state in Nazi Germany and how effective were they? One of the purposes of dictatorship was to give the Nazis control of people's lives. The more control they had, the more easily they could put their aims into effect. The job of controlling people thus became one of the main tasks of the Nazi state. Party propaganda was evident throughout German society and served as a means by which the state could effectively reach every German and summon absolute loyalty to the Nazi party. Following the Nazi party's rise to power in 1933, Hitler established the Ministry of Public Enlightenment and Propaganda headed by Joseph Goebbels - who was a master of propaganda that used all means at his disposal to perpetuate the Hitler myth and propagate Nazi values. The Ministry's aim was to eliminate all original thought and ensure that the Nazi message was successfully communicated through the widest variety of forms of communication available. Propaganda was used to promote the ideological goals of the Nazi regime, convert passive acceptance of Nazi rule into active support, stress the need for 'lebensraum' and the overturning of the Treaty of Versailles. ...read more.

Middle

In order for radio to reach the public, the government made provision for the production of a cheap radio set called 'The People's Receiver'. By 1939 70% of German homes had a radio. It became a medium of mass communication. Hitler made numerous broadcasts which would have been listened to by workforces in industry, pupils in the classroom and families at home. To ensure that people could listen to the radio when not at home, workplaces, cafes and other public places had to turn their radios on for important programmes. From 1938 loud speakers, which blasted pro-Nazi slogans, were put up on posts in many city streets. Goebbels also used rallies and campaigns to increase people's loyalty to the party. The most dramatic of these rallies were those held for a week in August at Nuremberg. Each year hundreds of thousands of people came together to witness parades and displays in four huge arenas. Art, music, pageantry and oratory were all combined on a massive scale. In the time between rallies, local SA or Hitler youth groups campaigned to raise funds for the Party. ...read more.

Conclusion

In addition to the aforementioned methods of propaganda, the swastika was a powerful symbol to identify it and distinguish it from rival groups that was used by propagandists. In Nazi theory, the Aryans were the German's ancestors, and Hitler concluded that the swastika, which had been eternally anti-Semitic, would be the perfect symbol for the victory of the Aryan man. The swastika flag had a hypnotic effect on the masses. The Nazi flag was red, with a black swastika that appeared to be lying on an angle, to produce an even more dynamic illusion of circular movement. It came to be the most powerful image of Nazism. Combined, these methods of propaganda were extremely effective in helping to Nazis gain the loyalty or the Germans. It gave the Nazis ultimate control of people's lives, as well as all forms of expression and communication. The propaganda, which was deliberately aimed at the masses, effectively served several purposes. It portrayed Hitler as a strong leader to whom every German should give their loyalty, reinforced beliefs of Aryan supremacy, the Jewish menace and communist danger. Additionally, these forms of propaganda targeted the emotions of the German people and therefore pushed the goals of the Nazi party in relation to military and territorial expansion. ...read more.

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