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What were the causes of the february revolution

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Introduction

What were the causes of the February Revolution? Many events occurred during the lead up to the Revolution; one of the key events was when the Tsar was abdicated. Many Russian people were not happy with high prices, food shortages and the disastrous war. Russian workers demanded higher wages, but when the Tsar refused to increase them, they went on strike at the Putilov engineering works in the capital of Russia, Petrograd. As three days passed more and more workers went on strike and 40, 000 workers began to demand for higher wages. The factory soon shut down and the strikers were soon attacked by the army, ending in some of the strikers being viciously murdered. The Tsar also angered the Russian people by ending the Duma, which although was not very powerful, it was the only parliament that could vaguely help the country. On March 12th soldiers refused to serve the Tsar, they joined them instead and demanded a new government. The Tsar realised that he was unwanted as a ruler so he abdicated on the 15th of March, 1917. ...read more.

Middle

Through the protests and violence the Tsar realised that some small changes had to be made, he introduced the October manifesto which granted the freedom of speech. He also agreed to the election of a parliament by the people named Duma. Though the Russian people were extremely pleased with these changes, the joy of it was short lived. People soon realised that the Duma had no real power, as the Tsar could dissolve any laws that he was not in favour of and the voting was always in the support of the landowner (there votes were worth 600 times more than a peasant).The Tsar had given the peasants false hope that autocracy had ended but this was not the case. The war significantly affected the people in Russia, there were severe food shortages. Usually there were many peasants to harvest the land but most had been summoned to go to war. Problems started occurring when food prices rose but wages stayed the same. Millions of Russian refugees fled to the cities to escape the attacks from the German armies which created overcrowding and a larger need for food. ...read more.

Conclusion

The factory soon shut down and the strikers were soon attacked by the army, ending in some of the strikers being viciously murdered. The Tsar also angered the Russian people by ending the Duma, which although was not very powerful, it was the only parliament that could vaguely help the country. On March 12th soldiers refused to open fire on the demonstrators like they usually would and simply joined them instead. They marched to the Duma to abdicate the Tsar and demand a new government. The main cause of the revolution was the war. Although there were other factors such as the poor leadership of the Tsar before the war, the man reason was the fatal mistakes made during it. If the Tsar had not put himself in charge of the Russian army he would not have been blamed for the defeats. He also would not have been blamed for leaving his country to be ruled by an unfit leader. These two large mistakes was the last straw for the Russian people, it caused them retaliate and demand justice; to abdicate the Tsar which was the main cause of the revolution. ...read more.

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