• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Which political party, Conservative or Liberal, was more threatened by events in Ireland in the period 1909-1916?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Which political party, Conservative or Liberal, was more threatened by events in Ireland in the period 1909-1916? The events in Ireland 1909-1916 were to lead to a political crisis in England. The issue was over Home Rule for Ireland and it was the Liberal's, as the party who favoured Home Rule, who were facing difficulties over the question of reform and potential disaster. When the Liberals came to power in 1906 the size of their overall majority and a deliberate decision to tread with caution in Ireland ensured that the Irish question remained low on the political agenda but in 1910 the position changed. The elections of that year, fought on the House of Lords issue, resulted in the Irish Nationalists once again holding the balance of power. The Liberals were only able to reduce the power of the Lords with the help of the Irish Nationalists. This forced the government to agree that the Home Rule would be brought of cold storage. The passing of the parliament act removed a major obstacle in the way of Home Rule. At most the Lords could only delay a Home Rule for two years. ...read more.

Middle

They argued that the Liberals did not have a mandate to introduce Home Rule and argued that the Home Rule was only introduced because Irish Nationalists were able to bargain with the Liberals. One of the consequences was that the Liberal Government nearly broke apart under the strain and was only saved by the outbreak of the 1st World War. The government's policy was "wait and see". Efforts were made, though behind the scenes to find a compromise. In March 1914, Asquith persuaded Redmond and the Nationalists to accept a proposal that any Irish county should have the right to opt out of Home Rule for a period of six years. The compromise was rejected by Carson and the Unionists who said "we do not want a sentence of death with a stay of execution for six years." On a visit to London, General Sir Arthur Paget, commanding officer in Ireland, asked what he was to do if his officers lived in Ulster or were sympathetic to the Unionist cause. Paget returned to Ireland to tell those who lived in Ulster they would either obey or face dismal. As a result of this 58 officers at Curragh stated they would prefer dismissal. ...read more.

Conclusion

Finally a treaty was made with Sinn Fein in 1921 by which only the six countries of Northern Ireland remained part of the U.K, with a parliament for local affairs. Under the treaty, the 26 southern counties would become the Irish Free State as a dominion within the British Commonwealth of Nations. It was the Liberals party reliance on the support of the Irish Nationalist MP's, which to a great extent led them to introduce a bill for Irish Home Rule. It is clear from the evidence shown that the Liberal party had the most to lose and were therefore threatened most by the Ireland Home Rule issue. They boldly tried to find a compromise to satisfy everyone but were unsuccessful. The Liberal Government came under severe pressure and nearly split on several occasions due to the enormous pressure from the Ulster Unionists and Irish Nationalists. Conservatives on the other hand were barely threatened. Whatever the outcome of the Home rule issue, the blame would lie with the Liberal Administration so Conservatives were content to sit back and let events take their course. The Conservatives tried to exploit the situation by opposing Home Rule and so gain more popularity and support but there is no evidence to show that the strategy succeeded. ?? ?? ?? ?? Kieran Cooling ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    So, it was the relatives that got them to think politics. The Failed 1974-75 Cease Fire During 1974-75, after the failure of power-sharing in 1974, the IRA went into another cease-fire in which they believed that some sort of understanding with the British government that there was going to be disengagement.

  2. "Why were Ulster Unionists so determined to resist home rule for Ireland in the ...

    was lead by the leader of the Uniost Party, James Craig, and the the leader of the Ulster Unionist Council, Edward Carson. They needed to put pressure on the third home rule bill as the bill could not be rejected three times in the House of Lords, and therefore would

  1. I will explain how Carson, Craig and the Ulster Unionists were opposed to the ...

    Home Rule would be seen as a corrupt political deal and they would be forced to take up arms against the crown. (www.bbc.co.uk/history) On that note they staged another Monster meeting(Sept 1912), where 470,000 men and woman across the province signed 'Ulster's Solemn League and Covenant, which was drafted up by Craig.

  2. How Effectively did Irish Catholic and Nationalist Leaders advance their Cause in the years ...

    The Council bombarded the British people with propaganda with Conservative assistance. The two main leaders were: - Sir Edward Carson who led the Unionists in the House of Commons from 1910. He was a Protestant from Southern Ireland and was desperate to maintain the union.

  1. The Irish Question

    The UUP tend to be more flexible and tolerant whereas the DUP are very hardcore and will not even by in the same room as Sinn Fein. The manifesto for the DUP in the 2004 European Parliamentary Election (enclosed) is a booklet which would indicate that overall this is the

  2. How realistic is a United Ireland in the context of past and present events? ...

    Today the idea of integration has been suggested as a way to solve some of the conflict in Ireland by both unionists and loyalists joining and living together as one country. But this idea would not solve all problems as there would still be doubt from both religions and it could also caused attacks between the two.

  1. What where the main features of Liberal Policies towards Ireland between 1906-1914.

    The act became law in 1801, confirming the end of a separate Irish parliament and the amalgamation of Ireland and Great Britain. Yet it was England who remained the only beneficiaries of the deal. A cabinet split over the decision provided an excuse for King George III to rebuff and refuse assent.

  2. The Irish Question

    This was a much-needed change from The Sunningdale Agreement which lacked detail, which would be required in order to target specific problem areas causing conflict in Ireland. Representatives from sides were not impressed by the Anglo-Irish Agreement, believing it to be ill-prepared and produced for the wrong reasons.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work