• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Hitler become chancellor in January 1933?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Hitler become chancellor in January 1933? This is a very complex question. To answer it I will need to look at both the internal and external factors that contributed to Hitler becoming Chancellor. Hitler was first sent to the German Workers party as a spy for the German army, at which time there were only 6 members. But Hitler agreed with their views and desires for Germany, especially that of a strong central dictatorship. He was made president of the party. By 1920, its full name was the "Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei" which was abbreviated to the "Nazis". Contrary to the extreme Democratic government of the Weimar Republic, the Nazis wished for a dictatorship. ...read more.

Middle

Germany's economy was still in tatters after the war and they were in no condition to pay a �60 billion bill. These reparations also led to later problems such as causing Gustav Stresemann to become very unpopular when, in 1923, he ended passive resistance in the Ruhr, making the German workers co-operate with the French and he restarted the payment of the reparations. This, in turn led to the depression, 1923 was a crisis year for the WR. So, the Nazi's policy to cancel the treaty was very popular. Proportional Representation also became a problem for the Republic, as no party was likely to win more than 50% of the seats so coalitions became necessary. ...read more.

Conclusion

A threat from the right wing came in 1920 in the form of the Kapp Putsch. Wolfgang Kapp led 100,000 Freikorps troops, many of who were ex-soldiers, into Berlin where he announced a new national government. After the Putsch the rebels were not punished and only Kapp was imprisoned. On top of these problems were others such as food shortages, the economy was in tatters, armed ex-soldiers wanting their own choice of government and disease wiped out 3/4 million people. The Nazis seemed a practical and refreshing solution to this. Some of the Nazi's internal strengths were their flexibility, if an idea was unpopular then it was changed. The trust of the German people, in my opinion, was the key to their success. They were also masters of propaganda ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Why was Hitler appointed Chancellor in 1933?

    Had the KPD and the SPD indeed made a coalition government and had Hindenburg laid aside his desire for Nationalistic Government in the name of having an elected stable government, the Nazis may never have gotten into power. In Britain, a coalition Government of the Labour party and the Conservative

  2. Why Did Hitler Become Chancellor in 1933?

    They bought discipline and efficiency to the party; valuable assets of any organization. One of the most effective components of his election campaign was propaganda. With the help of Joseph Goebbels, a mastermind in propaganda, Hitler capitalized on all the media opportunities in Germany to make his message clear and

  1. Why did Hitler become Chancellor in 1933

    Propaganda produced by the Nazis was advertised in different ways; they were in posters, leaflets, newspapers, film, broadcast, rallies and the radio. Joseph Goebbels was the one responsible for propaganda. He made many suggestions, for example he advised Hitler to attend and make as many speeches as possible as it

  2. - Why did Hitler become Chancellor in January 1933?

    The Germans lost their lifesavings and wages (mostly Middelstand), making the country even angrier and more vulnerable, creating underlying bitterness among the people of Germany in which Hitler's viciousness and expansionism appealed. The Wall Street Crash followed soon after which provoked the Great Depression worldwide.

  1. Why did Hitler become Chancellor in January 1933?

    In the past there had never been this sort of instability within the government, and this new ultra-democratic constitution was thrust upon a nation that had only ever been accustomed to a strict, peremptory statute, where every person knew their place.

  2. How did Hitler become Chancellor of Germany in 1933?

    The pledges were deliberately vague though. This was not a very important reason for Hitler becoming chancellor, for it did not give much support during the period before the Wall Street clash - although it did deliver the message of the Nazis very clearly. During the Depression the German public were not so concerned with the detailed aims of the Nazis when in power.

  1. There were many reasons why Hitler became chancellor in 1933.

    The leaders of the allies drew up this treaty to purposely revenge and weaken Germany. The treaty contained five major points that would be Germany's demise. The first part was to revenge and weaken Germany. Many rules were laid down to Germany, which they had to obey.

  2. Why did Hitler become Chancellor in January 1933?

    Community spirit did not suffer, however. Camps containing many tents were set up. They were numbered and constructed in neat rows. The camps contained a children's play area and a communal kitchen. In addition, soup kitchens were also set up, providing food for all the unemployed Germans.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work