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Why did Hitler become chancellor in January 1933?

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Introduction

Why did Hitler become chancellor in January 1933? This is a very complex question. To answer it I will need to look at both the internal and external factors that contributed to Hitler becoming Chancellor. Hitler was first sent to the German Workers party as a spy for the German army, at which time there were only 6 members. But Hitler agreed with their views and desires for Germany, especially that of a strong central dictatorship. He was made president of the party. By 1920, its full name was the "Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei" which was abbreviated to the "Nazis". Contrary to the extreme Democratic government of the Weimar Republic, the Nazis wished for a dictatorship. ...read more.

Middle

Germany's economy was still in tatters after the war and they were in no condition to pay a �60 billion bill. These reparations also led to later problems such as causing Gustav Stresemann to become very unpopular when, in 1923, he ended passive resistance in the Ruhr, making the German workers co-operate with the French and he restarted the payment of the reparations. This, in turn led to the depression, 1923 was a crisis year for the WR. So, the Nazi's policy to cancel the treaty was very popular. Proportional Representation also became a problem for the Republic, as no party was likely to win more than 50% of the seats so coalitions became necessary. ...read more.

Conclusion

A threat from the right wing came in 1920 in the form of the Kapp Putsch. Wolfgang Kapp led 100,000 Freikorps troops, many of who were ex-soldiers, into Berlin where he announced a new national government. After the Putsch the rebels were not punished and only Kapp was imprisoned. On top of these problems were others such as food shortages, the economy was in tatters, armed ex-soldiers wanting their own choice of government and disease wiped out 3/4 million people. The Nazis seemed a practical and refreshing solution to this. Some of the Nazi's internal strengths were their flexibility, if an idea was unpopular then it was changed. The trust of the German people, in my opinion, was the key to their success. They were also masters of propaganda ...read more.

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