• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did Hitler become chancellor in January 1933?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did Hitler become chancellor in January 1933? This is a very complex question. To answer it I will need to look at both the internal and external factors that contributed to Hitler becoming Chancellor. Hitler was first sent to the German Workers party as a spy for the German army, at which time there were only 6 members. But Hitler agreed with their views and desires for Germany, especially that of a strong central dictatorship. He was made president of the party. By 1920, its full name was the "Nationalsozialistische Deutsche Arbeiterpartei" which was abbreviated to the "Nazis". Contrary to the extreme Democratic government of the Weimar Republic, the Nazis wished for a dictatorship. ...read more.

Middle

Germany's economy was still in tatters after the war and they were in no condition to pay a �60 billion bill. These reparations also led to later problems such as causing Gustav Stresemann to become very unpopular when, in 1923, he ended passive resistance in the Ruhr, making the German workers co-operate with the French and he restarted the payment of the reparations. This, in turn led to the depression, 1923 was a crisis year for the WR. So, the Nazi's policy to cancel the treaty was very popular. Proportional Representation also became a problem for the Republic, as no party was likely to win more than 50% of the seats so coalitions became necessary. ...read more.

Conclusion

A threat from the right wing came in 1920 in the form of the Kapp Putsch. Wolfgang Kapp led 100,000 Freikorps troops, many of who were ex-soldiers, into Berlin where he announced a new national government. After the Putsch the rebels were not punished and only Kapp was imprisoned. On top of these problems were others such as food shortages, the economy was in tatters, armed ex-soldiers wanting their own choice of government and disease wiped out 3/4 million people. The Nazis seemed a practical and refreshing solution to this. Some of the Nazi's internal strengths were their flexibility, if an idea was unpopular then it was changed. The trust of the German people, in my opinion, was the key to their success. They were also masters of propaganda ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Why was Hitler appointed Chancellor in 1933?

    support in the Reichstag and was thrown out of Government in May 1932, before he was able to benefit from the improved economy himself in terms of public support. The budget he proposed was very damaging to electoral support because the socialists felt betrayed and turned to vote extremes, and

  2. Why did Hitler become Chancellor in January 1933?

    was proof to the public that there was something very wrong with the government. However, right-wing parties were by no means the only people who despised the Treaty of Versailles. The harsh terms of this agreement affected every person living in Germany, not least the phenomenal reparations bill of �6, 600 million.

  1. Why did Hitler become Chancellor in 1933?

    Hitler used every kind of technology that he could, he was the only one who put a lot of effort into his campaigning. Eventually on January 30th 1933, Von Papen masterminded in persuading Hidenburg to appoint Hitler as Chancellor. Although Hidenburg despised of Hitler, he was forced into doing this to avoid civil war.

  2. Why Did Hitler Become Chancellor in 1933?

    He too, could remember the days when Germany was a superpower, and wanted the things that had contributed to its greatness then returned. This was reflected in the policies of the Nazi party, which were aimed at all members of society.

  1. Why did Hitler become Chancellor in 1933

    Business men and owners were afraid of their state control of business would be introduced in Germany as well. Their actions in the USSR and their goals drove away a lot of people like peasants and business men making it a great advantage to the Nazis.

  2. - Why did Hitler become Chancellor in January 1933?

    The US called for their loans back (Dawes Plan) at a time Germany was still recovering from their last depression. As a result, millions of people lost their jobs, businesses closed, young people were unable to get jobs, farmer's prices dropped, and unemployment benefits were cut.

  1. How did Hitler become Chancellor of Germany in 1933?

    The Nazis cleverly delivered the idea that if they came to power there would be something for everyone. For example farmers were promised higher prices for their goods and shopkeepers were offered protection against big businesses. The pledges were deliberately vague though.

  2. Why did Hitler become Chancellor in January 1933?

    Community spirit did not suffer, however. Camps containing many tents were set up. They were numbered and constructed in neat rows. The camps contained a children's play area and a communal kitchen. In addition, soup kitchens were also set up, providing food for all the unemployed Germans.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work