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Why did relations between the USA and USSR change in 1962-63? (12 marks)

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Introduction

Why did relations between the USA and USSR change in 1962-63? (12 marks) Relations between the USA and USSR were tense during the cold war, and during 1962-63 began to change. The most important reason for the change in relationship between the USA and USSR was the Cuban Missile crisis, which cause increased tensions in relations, followed by the setup of the “hotline” and the policy of détente which represented the improving relations afterwards. The most important reason for the change in relations between the USA and USSR was the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. The Cuban Missile Crisis came as a result of the Cuban revolution, causing the USA to lose an ally which the USSR took advantage of by placing missiles on Cuba. ...read more.

Middle

The Cuban Missile Crisis ended with secret negotiations between the USA and USSR, and lead to the setup of the ?hotline? between the US president and First Secretary of Moscow in 1963. The hotline meant that the US president and First Secretary of the USSR had direct communication with each other. The hotline ensured that the US president and First Secretary were able to communicate with each other whenever necessary in order to ensure peace by negotiation as an attempt to avoid a war. The hotline showed that the USA and USSR were more willing to comply with each other, and this improved relations as both countries were now aiming to negotiate for peace. ...read more.

Conclusion

The policy of détente was an important reason for the change in relations as it symbolised a new policy where the superpowers were willing to comply and negotiate with each other for peace, however it is not as important as the Cuban Missile Crisis as the Cuban Missile Crisis lead to the most significant change in relations between the USA and USSR during the Cold War, as both had weapons of mass destruction that could reach each other. The Cuban Missile crisis was also important as it had long term effects on relations, and allowed the USSR to catch up in the arms race, making the USSR equal to the USA, forcing greater stability in relations. ...read more.

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