• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did relations between the USA and USSR change in 1962-63? (12 marks)

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did relations between the USA and USSR change in 1962-63? (12 marks) Relations between the USA and USSR were tense during the cold war, and during 1962-63 began to change. The most important reason for the change in relationship between the USA and USSR was the Cuban Missile crisis, which cause increased tensions in relations, followed by the setup of the “hotline” and the policy of détente which represented the improving relations afterwards. The most important reason for the change in relations between the USA and USSR was the Cuban Missile Crisis in 1962. The Cuban Missile Crisis came as a result of the Cuban revolution, causing the USA to lose an ally which the USSR took advantage of by placing missiles on Cuba. ...read more.

Middle

The Cuban Missile Crisis ended with secret negotiations between the USA and USSR, and lead to the setup of the ?hotline? between the US president and First Secretary of Moscow in 1963. The hotline meant that the US president and First Secretary of the USSR had direct communication with each other. The hotline ensured that the US president and First Secretary were able to communicate with each other whenever necessary in order to ensure peace by negotiation as an attempt to avoid a war. The hotline showed that the USA and USSR were more willing to comply with each other, and this improved relations as both countries were now aiming to negotiate for peace. ...read more.

Conclusion

The policy of détente was an important reason for the change in relations as it symbolised a new policy where the superpowers were willing to comply and negotiate with each other for peace, however it is not as important as the Cuban Missile Crisis as the Cuban Missile Crisis lead to the most significant change in relations between the USA and USSR during the Cold War, as both had weapons of mass destruction that could reach each other. The Cuban Missile crisis was also important as it had long term effects on relations, and allowed the USSR to catch up in the arms race, making the USSR equal to the USA, forcing greater stability in relations. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1945-1991 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1945-1991 essays

  1. How did relations between USA & USSR change in the years 1955-62?

    The Hungarians then held demonstrations in Budapest, which led to fighting with the AVO, the Hungarian secret police, and the demonstrations were for Nagy to become prime minister. After Nagy was proclaimed leader Soviet tanks and troops entered Budapest and gun battles broke out when the Hungarian army and many freedom fighters fought back.

  2. The relationship between the two superpowers of USA and Russia worsened between 1959 and ...

    Both sides realised that whatever the issue is, it isn't worth the death of billions of people around the world. From this they learned direct conflict between the USA and Russia anywhere in the world has to be avoided at all costs, to save humanity.

  1. In what ways did relations between the USA and the USSR change between 1948 ...

    a peaceful co-existence, however this was not the case as once again their relationship worsened to the Hungarian uprising in 1956. In 1956, the Hungarians revolted again Soviet control because since the Soviets had been in control, they had to pay war reparations to the Soviet Union, which decreased the Standard of Living and food shortages became common.

  2. Why did the relationship between the USA and USSR change between 1975 and 1990

    NATO began placing what would end up being 500 Cruise and Perishing missiles in Western Europe as a deterrent to this threat of Soviet attack. The countries seemed to have taken a step back in trust as the arms race had started again, relations were rapidly worsening.

  1. Cold War Short Essays - Questions and Answers.

    The Berlin Wall physically cut off all communication between the East and West and kept the ideologies separate from each other. Another reason was because of the increased number of troops that moved into West Berlin after the Berlin Wall was constructed.

  2. Edexcel Cold War 1943-1991 Revision (Detailed)

    turned out to be, the biggest trade agreement ever between two countries. Chernenko, who succeeded Andropov as General Secretary was quick to announce the Soviet Boycott of the 1984 Los Angeles Olympics on the grounds that the USA were apparently ?manipulating the games for political purposes and using anti Soviet

  1. How important was the nuclear arms race in the development of tensions during the ...

    The USA became Europe?s hero as Marshall promised that Americans would do ?whatever it is able to do to assist in the return of normal economic health in the world? Marshall Aid took the form of fuel, raw materials, goods, loans, food, machinery and advisors and was only available to those nations willing to cooperate.

  2. Cold War Summary, quotes and revision notes.

    space with the Soviets - shook hands in space The Arms Race * After WW2 USSR maintained its large Red Army in Eastern Europe while Americans were keen to reduce forces to normal peace-time levels confident they could rely on nuclear weapons * By start of 1950's the situation had

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work