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Why did the Germans become involved in the Battle of Stalingrad?

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Introduction

Why did the Germans become involved in the Battle of Stalingrad? In this essay I will look at the causes of why Germany became involved in the Battle of Stalingrad. A cause is something that makes an event happen. There are three different types of causes, long term, short term and immediate. Long term causes happen a long time before an event, in this case the signing of the Armistace was a long term cause for the Battle of Stalingrad. A short term cause is a cause that happens just before an event, for example Hitler's aims, actions and racial theories.. An immediate cause is a cause that happens at the time of the event, for example, Operation Barbarossa. These causes will help me decide and explain why the Germans became involved in the Battle of Stalingrad. Firstly, I will examine the long term causes of Germany's involvement in the Battle of Stalingrad. Hitler blamed the people that signed the armistace, the 'November Criminals', for Germany's defeat in the First World War. The November criminals were mostly Jews and communists. Hitler wanted revenge for Germany's defeat. Hitler's experiences of the great war were a long term cause of the Battle of Stalingrad. Russia was a country under communist rule, which made them an obvious target for Hitler. ...read more.

Middle

This lead to Hitler planning Operation Barbarossa: The attack on Russia. Hitler and his generals had worked out a detailed military plan for the defeat of Russia. This was to be based on a three-pronged attack. There was to be one German Army in the north, which was to push towards Leningrad. A second Army would be in the centre and would push towards Moscow. The third Army was to be situated in the south, and it's job would be to advance into the rich wheat-lands of the Ukraine. Hitler was extremely confident that Russia would crumble like Poland and France had in previous campaigns. The forces were assembled in huge secrecy, and when the invasion was launched on June 22nd 1941, the Russians were taken completely by surprise. The early part of Operation Barbarossa went well for the Germans. The Luftwaffe took control of the sky because the Russian Air Force had been destroyed on the ground in the early hours of the attack. Under the air cover, Hitler's expectations were proved right and the German Army was soon proceeding at the rate of 30 kilometres a day into Russia. However, after the early triumphs, the Germans advance began to slow down. The Russians had regrouped from their surprise and they fiercely resisted the Germans on every front. ...read more.

Conclusion

In conclusion I believe that Germany's involvement in the Battle of Stalingrad came down to three different types of causes, immediate, long term and short term. The major causes for the Battle of Stalingrad were The Great War, Hitler's aims and actions, his views on race and the resistance of Russia. Hitler's hatred of communism was a major factor in Germany's involvement in the Battle of Stalingrad. Hitler believed it his destiny to destroy communism, and he would start with destroying the biggest communist threat, which was Russia. Hitler's need for Lebensraum was also a major reason for the Battle of Stalingrad because he felt that he needed more livings space for his master race, and this would have to be aquired from the east. Russia had a large amount of land, and it also had many natural resources ,for example the oil from the Causaucas region, which would help Hitler greatly in his war effort and would also make Hitler and Germany a lot of money. The Russian weather was also a big reason in Germany's involvement because without it, the Germans would have beaten Russia easily. Overall, the Battle of Stalingrad was down to a chain of events that started, many years before the event, and not due to one specific event. Rory Barham Miss Baker ...read more.

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