• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Murder of Franz Ferdinand lead to the outbreak of a major European war within six week's?

Extracts from this document...


Why did the Murder of Franz Ferdinand lead to the outbreak of a major European war within six week's? It's the early 19th century and problems are erupting all over Europe. France has just finished a war with Prussia in which it was defeated and tempers are running high. Germany has taken a piece of Eastern France named Alsace Lorraine and France wants revenge. France has been very humiliated and is now building up its alliances. The first of these was the Dual entente; an agreement between France and Russia signed in 1894. Next the French built an alliance with Britian, this was named the entente cordiale, and Together France and its allies formed the Triple Entente. France was secure, in the event of another war it would be backed up by its allies. By this time Germany was seen as a huge threat throughout Europe. Kaiser Wilhelm II has come to the throne of Germany. Germany has only just become a united country and Kaiser Wilhelm II believes that he has a lot to prove. ...read more.


This deeply aggravated Serbia and of course their close ally Russia. Austria- Hungary has a huge empire with an aged leader. Franz Ferdinand the heir was the leaders Nephew. Franz Ferdinand was assassinated on the 28th of June 1914. He was on a tour around Sarajevo, the Capital City of Bosnia, Austria-Hungary's new annex. Franz Ferdinand was killed along with his wife by a group of Serb nationals called 'The Black Hand'; they were terrorists funded by the Serbian government. The Black Hand's members included important and influential people such as army generals and government officials. The Black Hand recruited a group of men to carry out the assassination. They were all Bosnians who hated the Austria- Hungary empire and distrusted it's leaders. The young man who eventually carried out the assassination was named 'Gavrilo Princip' Gavrilo Princip was dying of a nasty, untreatable illness called Tuberculosis. He knew that he was dying and had nothing to lose by assassinating the ArchDuke. The young men recruited to carry out the assassination were supplied with guns, bombs and cyanide. ...read more.


Kaiser Willhelm II replied quickly. Kaiser Willhelm II told Austria-Hungary that they would support them in the case of war. Kaiser Willhelm II also wanted a war. Germany wanted to show the world how great the country had become. The war, soon to become world war one started very soon. First Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia. Then the Russian army mobilized. Due to this Germany declared war on Russia, then later France and Belgium. Because Britian protected Belgium, Britian declared war on Germany. Then Austria- Hungary declared war on Russia. Finally on August 12th 1914 France and Britian declared war on Austria-Hungary. I think the reason that world war one started so quickly was because all the country's involved had old scores to settle. Problems had been getting worse for a long time. The alliances in Europe actually helped to keep peace rather than destroy it. If it weren't for the alliances there would have been a major war before 1914. Germany had been threatening countries in Europe for many years before the war and Serbia was always going to retaliate over the annexing of Bosnia. The war was inevitable. By Charlotte Brown 9f ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE International relations 1900-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE International relations 1900-1939 essays

  1. Peer reviewed

    Who was to blame for the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand in 1914? ...

    4 star(s)

    Source J is slightly untrustworthy as for the fact that it is a secondary source nevertheless it is a statement from Princip about the security plus it also has Source G supporting it as it illustrates that there were many security enforcers at the scene which can be trusted as

  2. Explain the Status and Position of the European Jews at the End of the ...

    For example, they were not allowed to use their own language or traditions. An example of another anti-Semitic Tsar would be Nicholas the 2nd (1894-1917) HE hated the Jews so things got a lot worse for Russian Jews. He gave the police stronger powers to use against the Jews and encouraged anti-Semitism.

  1. Why did the Assassination of Arch Duke Franz Ferdinand Start WW1?

    The arms race on land had begun. While Britain and Germany had built up their navies the rest of Europe were building up there armies. Russia was almost backward military wise, but had one of the biggest armies and if given enough time could train it up.

  2. Questions on World War One.

    There was no general assumption of the inevitability of a major war, nor was this the reaction of the Powers on receipt of the news of the Sarajevo assassination. 2. The traditional machinery of diplomacy, which had preserved peace in the past and prevented major conflict since the Congress of

  1. WW1-planning for war, major battles. War at sea and in the air.

    Haig realized that the Germans could now easily surround them so he abandoned all the land they had made in the other Battles and retreated to the City. This was a moment of terrible humiliation for the allies. The city held and the Germans were weakened by lack of supplies but the allies were strengthened by new fresh American troops.

  2. Why Did the Assassination in Sarajevo Lead to the Outbreak of War in 1914?

    The Archduke demanded to be taken to the hospital where some of the innocent bystanders were being treated. On the way there, the driver of Franz Ferdinand's car got confused and instead of carrying along the main road to the hospital, decided to drive up a side street past Schillers caf´┐Ż.

  1. Why did the Assassination at Sarajevo lead to World War I?

    Russia, along with France and Britain, was worried about Germany's growing strength. In 1904 France and Britain became allies. Fear of Germany's apparently aggressive policies led these countries to join in military alliance. Because Russia was also worried about Germany's growth, France and Russia made a similar defensive agreement and became allies in 1907.

  2. Franz Ferdinand Assasination

    This would have helped the assasins from The Black Hand to plan out their assasination very well. The police could have kept the crowd away from the car because someone could have easily shot at the Archduke or throw a bomb.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work