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Why did the Weimar Republic Fail?

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Introduction

Why did the Weimar Republic Fail? There were many reasons why the Weimar Republic failed. The most important I believe is the Wall Street crash in 1929. I will be writing explaining how and why the Weimar Republic failed but also what they achieved. In October 1929 the Wall Street Crash was the most devastating stock market crash in American history. Suddenly the glamour of the jazz age and gangsters disappeared. America was faced with a major crisis that was to impact other countries like Germany- a nation which had built up its economy on America's loans. The Weimar Republic was overcome by the Wall Street Crash and the Great Depression that followed. The Crash had a devastating impact on the German economy because America had propped up the Weimar Republic with huge loans in 1924 (the Dawes Plan). After the crash America gave Germany ninety days to start to repay the loans as they desperately needed the money to reconstruct their own economy. The Weimar Republic was already in debt and still needed to pay the Treaty of Versailles reparations. ...read more.

Middle

The year of Crisis was 1923, the Ruhr was Germany's biggest industrial town. As Germany could not keep up with the reparation payments the French invaded the Ruhr and took over all the factories and industry. The workers in the Ruhr responded by refusing to work, called passive resistance. This seemed paitriotic but had disastorous consiquences for Germany The Ruhr was Germany's richest economic area and produced a great deal of wealth for the country and Germany's economy started to suffer. Hyperinflation hit Germany; the government did not have any money to pay the reparations so they simply printed more. The value of the mark went down and the cost of goods increased. The German mark had no value this lead to severe poverty. The last crisis to hit was The Munich Putsch; Streseman decided Germany would have to give in to France. Extremists didn't like this and plotted a putsch. Adolf Hitler and the Nazis attempted a revolution against Weimar. But they were defeated and sent to jail. Germany could not afford to lose more money so Streseman called off the passive resistance and scrapped all the worthless marks and burned them. ...read more.

Conclusion

But in 1926 Germany was allowed to join this was the acceptance of Germany in Europe. Germany also signed the Locarno Pact with France, Britain, Belgium and Italy. This was an agreement not to invade one another if one country did invade another, the others would come to the invaded country's aid. This helped Germany relax as it was safe from invasion. Finally the Weimar Republic was a strong government and Germany was achieving levels of industry production. There was a cultural revival in Germany. Writers and poets flourished, especially in Berlin. Artists produced powerful famous paintings about everyday life wanting to be understood by ordinary people. Artists portrayed society in an objective way. The 1920's was a golden age for Germany. Germany was finally wealthy and free this gave the German people confidence in the Weimar Republic. The Weimar Republic had the very difficult task of making Germany rise to power after the First World War. The country was poor, depressed and had no main leader. I think that the Weimar Republic did a great job of helping Germany but scale of the work they had to do to get Germany how it was before the war was overwhelming. ...read more.

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