• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why did the Weimar Republic Fail?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why did the Weimar Republic Fail? There were many reasons why the Weimar Republic failed. The most important I believe is the Wall Street crash in 1929. I will be writing explaining how and why the Weimar Republic failed but also what they achieved. In October 1929 the Wall Street Crash was the most devastating stock market crash in American history. Suddenly the glamour of the jazz age and gangsters disappeared. America was faced with a major crisis that was to impact other countries like Germany- a nation which had built up its economy on America's loans. The Weimar Republic was overcome by the Wall Street Crash and the Great Depression that followed. The Crash had a devastating impact on the German economy because America had propped up the Weimar Republic with huge loans in 1924 (the Dawes Plan). After the crash America gave Germany ninety days to start to repay the loans as they desperately needed the money to reconstruct their own economy. The Weimar Republic was already in debt and still needed to pay the Treaty of Versailles reparations. ...read more.

Middle

The year of Crisis was 1923, the Ruhr was Germany's biggest industrial town. As Germany could not keep up with the reparation payments the French invaded the Ruhr and took over all the factories and industry. The workers in the Ruhr responded by refusing to work, called passive resistance. This seemed paitriotic but had disastorous consiquences for Germany The Ruhr was Germany's richest economic area and produced a great deal of wealth for the country and Germany's economy started to suffer. Hyperinflation hit Germany; the government did not have any money to pay the reparations so they simply printed more. The value of the mark went down and the cost of goods increased. The German mark had no value this lead to severe poverty. The last crisis to hit was The Munich Putsch; Streseman decided Germany would have to give in to France. Extremists didn't like this and plotted a putsch. Adolf Hitler and the Nazis attempted a revolution against Weimar. But they were defeated and sent to jail. Germany could not afford to lose more money so Streseman called off the passive resistance and scrapped all the worthless marks and burned them. ...read more.

Conclusion

But in 1926 Germany was allowed to join this was the acceptance of Germany in Europe. Germany also signed the Locarno Pact with France, Britain, Belgium and Italy. This was an agreement not to invade one another if one country did invade another, the others would come to the invaded country's aid. This helped Germany relax as it was safe from invasion. Finally the Weimar Republic was a strong government and Germany was achieving levels of industry production. There was a cultural revival in Germany. Writers and poets flourished, especially in Berlin. Artists produced powerful famous paintings about everyday life wanting to be understood by ordinary people. Artists portrayed society in an objective way. The 1920's was a golden age for Germany. Germany was finally wealthy and free this gave the German people confidence in the Weimar Republic. The Weimar Republic had the very difficult task of making Germany rise to power after the First World War. The country was poor, depressed and had no main leader. I think that the Weimar Republic did a great job of helping Germany but scale of the work they had to do to get Germany how it was before the war was overwhelming. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Germany 1918-1939 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Germany 1918-1939 essays

  1. Why did the Weimar Republic Fail?

    Stresemann stated in 1928, "Germany is dancing on a volcano". The "volcano" erupted when the Weimar Republic took the impact of the Wall Street crash. Historian Stephan J. Lee states that Germany's industry and economy was heavily dependant on the loans from the United States.

  2. Why did the Weimar Republic fail and Hitler gain power in 1933?

    In 1921 Hitler became leader of the party. The size of the party grew steadily until 1932 where the party increased from 300 000 to 800 000. A key point which led to the rise of the Nazi Party was their organisation.

  1. What problems did the Weimar Republic face from 1919 to 1923, and why did ...

    and socialist (they believed the state should benefit everybody equally). 3. Mein Kampf After the failure of the Munich Putsch in 1923, Hitler was sent to Landsberg jail. There he wrote Mein Kampf (My Struggle) advocating: * National Socialism - loyalty to Germany, racial purity, equality and state control of the economy.

  2. To what extent were the problems of 1919-1923 overcome by the Weimar Government by ...

    It gave the Germans protection and stability and hence increased National Pride and gained support for the Weimar Republic because the government was seen as more stable and stong. In this way the Republic was able to overcome the problem that Germany was under threat and had no influence.

  1. Collapse of the Weimar republic.

    Under these circumstances, the Right and Left extremists had a larger combined representation than the Social Democrats, traditionally the largest single party in the Reichstag. The political fight against fascism finally began now. But the danger of a Right or Left dictatorship was not perceived very clearly by Br´┐Żning, whose

  2. The NaziState, Economy and Society.

    (Kershaw: The Nazi Dictatorship, 1993, p. 74.) Only during the years of total war mobilisation, first under Rudolf Hess and later Martin Bormann, was the party apparatus able to begin to absorb the state. Thus, the Nazi party never conquered the state in peacetime as the Stalinists did in the Soviet Union.

  1. Nazism and the New Age.

    an obstacle to sweeping away the Jew and raising this cruel new generation, in the person of that "Jew of more liberal persuasion", the Bible-believing Christian. Knowing that Christian Germany would not easily accept an open return to paganism, Nazism attempted to wean the masses from standard Christianity by removing

  2. Why did the Weimar Republic fail?

    The constitution was well thought out and there were many good points. It was a democracy and the general public were allowed to vote for who they wanted in the Reichstag. Proportional representation was used, which meant there was a mixture of people with different ideas representing the whole of Germany.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work