• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why has there been so much disagreement in the USA over the effects of the New Deal?

Extracts from this document...


History Question 8 Why has there been so much disagreement in the USA over the effects of the New Deal? In 1932 the newly elected President Franklin Roosevelt, democratic leader, promised the American people a New Deal. However, by 1937 people could not agree whether the New Deal was a success or not. All of the sources in the booklet show this. They do not agree because of the following reasons; The New Deal itself had varied successes and no natural end. Historians, eyewitnesses and politicians all have different motives for assessing the effects of the New Deal. In addition, it is impossible to compare the New Deal to any other policies, as Roosevelt's policy was so different to Hoovers. The following sources are all positive about the New Deal, source A was written by Roosevelt himself, therefore it is very positive about the New Deal, it was written when he was first introducing to New Deal to the American people. It has quotes such as "I pledge to you. I pledge my self to a New Deal for the American people." ...read more.


Therefore writes positively about the New Deal, as she was involved in it. The above sources contradict Sources C, E and J; they all focus on the end of the new deal. Source C is written bye an American historian, it focuses on all the bad things that the New Deal has done or failed to achieve, "every one in four have to depend on employment by the government." Source E is a cartoon of Roosevelt using a pump and pumping loads of money, which is, represented by water into a see of 16 billion spent, and in the eyes of the artist who drew this cartoon wasted. Source J is written bye a self made businessman speaking in 1980 and remembering the time of the New Deal. There are quotes such as "He didn't understand that when you give to people you hurt them" this meant the more Roosevelt gave money to people, it lowered there self-esteem. Source D focuses on the racial inequality and on the amount of unemployment at the time of the New Deal. ...read more.


They make five main criticisms of the New Deal; Roosevelt kept changing his mind about how to solve the problem of depression, big business remained to powerful in the USA, and rich people resented paying taxes because they felt there hard earned money was going into the taxpayers pocket just to go back out on be given to people who cannot be bothered to get up and get a job, the New Deal did not help the poorest people like blacks and farm labourers, the New Deal did not restore confidence in the American people, which they had in the 1920's they were not investing as much in the stock market, and finally unemployment had remained high at about 19% of the total workforce unemployed. The main successes of the New Deal were it stopped depression from getting any worse, it helped farmers stay in there property and helped them beat the dust bowl, it brought about better social security, it provided a strong foundation for the future because it built schools roads etc, it saved democracy and finally it improved co-ordination between local and central governments. In conclusion there is no clear answer to the success of the New Deal, as everybody manipulates the facts for there own devises. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE USA 1919-1941 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE USA 1919-1941 essays

  1. Was the New Deal a success

    This shows that Roosevelt was trying to decrease the number of unemployed and try and end the depression. Source I shows that Roosevelt is dragging a donkey that is attached to a carriage and Roosevelt is running towards emergency legislation with a huge crowd following him.

  2. GCSE History Coursework Assignment B - Was the New Deal a Success?

    The nurse representing congress has an expression which implies that she is trusting in FDR but still is unsure and worried and can only pray and hope that Uncle Sam representing America will be healed. Uncle Sam looks weak and frail, but also very unsure and scared that FDR does not know what he is doing and cannot heal him.

  1. Source Analysis OCR: Was the New Deal a Success?

    The New Deal did have its successes, one being how the GNP of America increased from $56 billion in 1933 to $91 billion on the eve of World War 2. However like most things, it did have its failures, such as the New Deal doing very little for the poor and Black Americans remained disadvantaged.

  2. T.Roosevelt and the New Deal.

    In his 'fireside chats', in which he sat in a chair b a fire in his office, he explained in simple terms why the USA had fallen into depression and what he proposed to do to end it. The broadcasts were very successful - especially the first one dealing with the banking crisis.

  1. The effects of Industrialization and globalisation.

    Is it coincidental that this condition is parallel with material growth? Perhaps. But it is hard to avoid the conclusion that there is a serious relation between the two, and that as people focus more and more on material wealth, they have surrendered the traditional values that have given them psychological strength in times of need.

  2. How successful was the New Deal insolving the problems of the depression in the ...

    Electricity was also at a low so by putting dams on provided electricity to work because the Tennessee Valley was no longer producing too much or too little water. By building the dams it also provided many people with jobs.

  1. Use the sources and your knowledge of American history to explain why there has ...

    On the other hand, the Democrats think that deficit spending was good. This is shown in source B where it tells us that the Civilian Conservation Corps employed 3 million young men who "planted 17 million acres of new forests and built over 6 million dams to stop erosion."

  2. Was the New Deal a success? (Source based questions)

    The notion that the New Deal was doing too much was not a new one, many Republicans and sections of the business community felt this way. Schemes like the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA) were unpopular as it was considered unfair competition for private companies.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work