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Why has there been so much disagreement in the USA over the effects of the New Deal?

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Introduction

History Question 8 Why has there been so much disagreement in the USA over the effects of the New Deal? In 1932 the newly elected President Franklin Roosevelt, democratic leader, promised the American people a New Deal. However, by 1937 people could not agree whether the New Deal was a success or not. All of the sources in the booklet show this. They do not agree because of the following reasons; The New Deal itself had varied successes and no natural end. Historians, eyewitnesses and politicians all have different motives for assessing the effects of the New Deal. In addition, it is impossible to compare the New Deal to any other policies, as Roosevelt's policy was so different to Hoovers. The following sources are all positive about the New Deal, source A was written by Roosevelt himself, therefore it is very positive about the New Deal, it was written when he was first introducing to New Deal to the American people. It has quotes such as "I pledge to you. I pledge my self to a New Deal for the American people." ...read more.

Middle

Therefore writes positively about the New Deal, as she was involved in it. The above sources contradict Sources C, E and J; they all focus on the end of the new deal. Source C is written bye an American historian, it focuses on all the bad things that the New Deal has done or failed to achieve, "every one in four have to depend on employment by the government." Source E is a cartoon of Roosevelt using a pump and pumping loads of money, which is, represented by water into a see of 16 billion spent, and in the eyes of the artist who drew this cartoon wasted. Source J is written bye a self made businessman speaking in 1980 and remembering the time of the New Deal. There are quotes such as "He didn't understand that when you give to people you hurt them" this meant the more Roosevelt gave money to people, it lowered there self-esteem. Source D focuses on the racial inequality and on the amount of unemployment at the time of the New Deal. ...read more.

Conclusion

They make five main criticisms of the New Deal; Roosevelt kept changing his mind about how to solve the problem of depression, big business remained to powerful in the USA, and rich people resented paying taxes because they felt there hard earned money was going into the taxpayers pocket just to go back out on be given to people who cannot be bothered to get up and get a job, the New Deal did not help the poorest people like blacks and farm labourers, the New Deal did not restore confidence in the American people, which they had in the 1920's they were not investing as much in the stock market, and finally unemployment had remained high at about 19% of the total workforce unemployed. The main successes of the New Deal were it stopped depression from getting any worse, it helped farmers stay in there property and helped them beat the dust bowl, it brought about better social security, it provided a strong foundation for the future because it built schools roads etc, it saved democracy and finally it improved co-ordination between local and central governments. In conclusion there is no clear answer to the success of the New Deal, as everybody manipulates the facts for there own devises. ...read more.

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