• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why was Ireland Partitioned in 1921?

Extracts from this document...


Why was Ireland Partitioned in 1921? In this essay I am going to explain why Ireland was partitioned into two parts in 1921. The two partitioned parts are known today as Northern Ireland (Ulster) and The Republic of Ireland (Eire). Ireland was partitioned in 1921 after an agreement was made by the Anglo-Irish Treaty which was finally passed by the House of Commons without it being blocked by the House of Lords. In my essay I will describe of the factors, which contributed to the partition in Ireland in 1921. These factors are: the religious reasons, the political reasons, the conflict over land, the hatred of the English by Catholics, the growth of violence in Ireland and the problems with the British Government. The religious reasons for the partition in Ireland started with the 16th century reformation where Queen Elizabeth I sent protestants to Ireland because of three reasons. The first reason was that the English were worried that the Catholics might use Ireland as a base to invade England. The second reason for the reformation was because Queen Elizabeth I with other English monarchs wanted to get rid of the Protestants in England because they were becoming too powerful. ...read more.


The Penal Laws were setup after William of Orange won the battle of Boyne in 1690. The defeat by the Protestant side took away a great deal of authority from the Irish and handed it over to the English, but still the Catholics had the potential power to overthrow the protestants living in Ireland because the Catholics owned more land than the Protestants at this time. The Penal laws were designed to relieve all the power of the Catholics so Protestants could have full control of Ireland. The Penal Laws which all Catholics were made to abide by were: Catholics were prohibited from voting, Catholics were not permitted to purchase land, It was illegal to lease land for more than 31 years, It was illegal to teach the Catholic religion to adults as well as children, It was illegal for Catholic bishops to remain in Ireland or to enter Ireland from abroad, No Catholic could possess a weapon, It was illegal to harbour or otherwise assist Catholic bishops and any lands which a Catholic managed to own had to be divided equally among all of his sons at the time of his death. ...read more.


This problem caused a lot of pressure to fall on British Prime Minister Asquith. After the Anglo-Irish war broke out between 1919 and 1921, the Anglo-Irish Treaty came about to end the violence once and for all. The Anglo-Irish Treaty came up with an agreement in 1921 that twenty six counties of Ireland would become an Irish free state (Republic of Ireland) whilst the remaining six counties (Ulster) were free to join the United Kingdom and were to serve under the British Government. Ireland was partitioned in 1921 to stop the violence once and for all between Catholics and Protestants by satisfying the Unionist's and Nationalist's terms. To give both sides what they wanted Ireland had to be partitioned into two parts which are known today as the Republic of Ireland (Eire) and Northern Ireland (Ulster). The land was divided up so that twenty six counties belong to the Republic of Ireland (Eire) where the Catholic Church is free dominate and into Northern Ireland (Ulster) where Protestants are free to retain links with the U.K. Northern Ireland consists of the six remaining counties which used to make up Ireland as a whole country. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Northern Ireland 1965-85 essays

  1. Did Partition solve the problems in Ireland

    the path of peaceful protests one of these being the home rule party. There were 3 attempts to pass home rule the first bill was rejected in 1886 and the second was defeated in 1893. The third push for Home Rule started in 1912 by a new liberal government, but the protestants/ Ulster Unionists threatened to resist it by force.

  2. Northern Ireland

    On April 24th 1916 the Easter Rising started. Many Catholics from all over Ireland gathered to proclaim a free nation in Dublin. Patrick Pearse had lead a gang of about 2,000 men who eventually took over the post office and other strategically buildings within the capital.

  1. Conflict in Ireland

    This can be seen by the discrimination against the Catholics where Protestants would get better houses, jobs etc. The introduction of Direct Rule for the Protestants would have been bad news. They had lost their power and it may not have been good for the Protestants but it would mean

  2. What Were the Characteristics of Ulster Unionism From the 1880's Until The Partition?

    The week came to a climax on 28 September 1912, which was known as Ulster Day. The whole event was remarkably peaceful, considering the tension, and received huge publicity in Britain. As the Bill was discussed, one proposition put forward was that the 4 counties with a Unionist majority (Antrim, Down, Londonderry and Armagh)

  1. Northern Ireland Essay

    The fear for each others lives runs high in Northern Ireland as a result of the frequent killings and bomb attacks that occur for both the Protestant people and Catholic. With the USA supporting paramilitaries like the IRA, the fear could only increase.

  2. The History of Conflict in Ireland.

    And you could find ... in the Republican struggles in the '30s and '40s, either the Hannaway family, which was his mother's side, or the Adams family, were involved in all of those struggles. One of the most important factors in explaining the resilience of the Republican movement is what I call generational continuity.

  1. How Effectively did Irish Catholic and Nationalist Leaders advance their Cause in the years ...

    Tenants for many years had complained about excessive rent rates, absentee landlords and unwarranted eviction without compensation. Although the Fenians never came anywhere near to their ultimate aim of smashing the union and liberating Ireland, their actions did contribute to the concessions granted to Ireland by Gladstone.

  2. How Did the Catholics Grow To hate the Protestants?

    That ceasefire still holds today. I think that the IRA have also agreed to the ceasefire because America has stopped raising funds for the IRA to buy weapons because of what happened on 11th September 2001: they don't want to promote terrorism in other countries, also they have an aim to "wipe out all terrorism".

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work