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Why was Ireland Partitioned in 1921?

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Introduction

Why was Ireland Partitioned in 1921? In this essay I am going to explain why Ireland was partitioned into two parts in 1921. The two partitioned parts are known today as Northern Ireland (Ulster) and The Republic of Ireland (Eire). Ireland was partitioned in 1921 after an agreement was made by the Anglo-Irish Treaty which was finally passed by the House of Commons without it being blocked by the House of Lords. In my essay I will describe of the factors, which contributed to the partition in Ireland in 1921. These factors are: the religious reasons, the political reasons, the conflict over land, the hatred of the English by Catholics, the growth of violence in Ireland and the problems with the British Government. The religious reasons for the partition in Ireland started with the 16th century reformation where Queen Elizabeth I sent protestants to Ireland because of three reasons. The first reason was that the English were worried that the Catholics might use Ireland as a base to invade England. The second reason for the reformation was because Queen Elizabeth I with other English monarchs wanted to get rid of the Protestants in England because they were becoming too powerful. ...read more.

Middle

The Penal Laws were setup after William of Orange won the battle of Boyne in 1690. The defeat by the Protestant side took away a great deal of authority from the Irish and handed it over to the English, but still the Catholics had the potential power to overthrow the protestants living in Ireland because the Catholics owned more land than the Protestants at this time. The Penal laws were designed to relieve all the power of the Catholics so Protestants could have full control of Ireland. The Penal Laws which all Catholics were made to abide by were: Catholics were prohibited from voting, Catholics were not permitted to purchase land, It was illegal to lease land for more than 31 years, It was illegal to teach the Catholic religion to adults as well as children, It was illegal for Catholic bishops to remain in Ireland or to enter Ireland from abroad, No Catholic could possess a weapon, It was illegal to harbour or otherwise assist Catholic bishops and any lands which a Catholic managed to own had to be divided equally among all of his sons at the time of his death. ...read more.

Conclusion

This problem caused a lot of pressure to fall on British Prime Minister Asquith. After the Anglo-Irish war broke out between 1919 and 1921, the Anglo-Irish Treaty came about to end the violence once and for all. The Anglo-Irish Treaty came up with an agreement in 1921 that twenty six counties of Ireland would become an Irish free state (Republic of Ireland) whilst the remaining six counties (Ulster) were free to join the United Kingdom and were to serve under the British Government. Ireland was partitioned in 1921 to stop the violence once and for all between Catholics and Protestants by satisfying the Unionist's and Nationalist's terms. To give both sides what they wanted Ireland had to be partitioned into two parts which are known today as the Republic of Ireland (Eire) and Northern Ireland (Ulster). The land was divided up so that twenty six counties belong to the Republic of Ireland (Eire) where the Catholic Church is free dominate and into Northern Ireland (Ulster) where Protestants are free to retain links with the U.K. Northern Ireland consists of the six remaining counties which used to make up Ireland as a whole country. ...read more.

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