• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Year Ten Coursework - November 2002 Britain in the Age of Total War 1939-45 THE BLITZ Question One; - Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41? The major cities of Britain were in my opinion bombed for the following reasons; - A, as an attempt to lower morale with Britain, B, to cut off supplies coming both in and out of the country by bombing major ports etc, C, to weaken British defences to such an extent that an invasion could become easier and more of a reality, and of course to win control of the skies, because if the Germans did that, then winning the war outright would be very much in their favour. * I shall now go through a list of nearly a dozen cities of Britain in no particular order. I shall say what damage was done to any particular building of historical or industrial interest, and I shall also explain why I think that, that city was bombed. * London; - On the 7th September, Londoners went about there business as usual, the sun was up, but by mid morning, the clouds had begun to roll in, and by early evening, the first drops of rain began to fall, and as darkness fell, a blanket of German bombers made their way up the river Thames. ...read more.

Middle

One German spokesman described these attacks on old English cities as "Baedeker Raids". Baedeker was the name of a German tourist guide to famous cities and cultural interest. The phrase was a propaganda disaster for the Germans, because it implied they really were a barbaric race, with no respect whatsoever for culture and what it stands for. * My conclusion will portray my opening paragraph again. The main reasons for the Germans bombing the major cities of our country were, to cut off our supplies from other countries, to weaken our defences and to lower morale. However, had they succeeded in gaining control of the skies, then the German vision of an invasion, would have eventually become a very dangerous reality from the British point of view. Question Two; - Describe the effects of the Blitz on everyday life in Britain? Everybody knows that the impact of the Blitz on the population of Britain must have been emotionally, and physically scarring for anyone who had even the smallest experience of what it did to effect everyday life Britain as a whole. Gas Masks; - It was made a law during the Second World War that every, man woman and child had to carry a gas mask with them at all times. ...read more.

Conclusion

Even though the Germans had three main aims to achieve in the Blitz, they really only had to achieve one. If the Germans had succeeded successfully in the latter two, morale would have eventually become low in any case. The government censored information that went out everyday in the newspapers, and on the radio. They had control of them both countrywide, and both newspapers and the radio had to print morale boosting articles, one newspaper was banned outright for not abiding by that rule. As attempt to keep morale high, the government involved the rich, famous and the royal into the war effort, by making sure that they all inspected bomb damage, and talked to people who had lost their homes. The government made sure that if there was any serious news, which might of lowered morale was kept out of the public eye. Of course the government could not hide everything, and information was obviously leaked, but not publicly or to the general masses. Whether the government were right or wrong in hiding certain pieces of information from the general public cannot be proved, because it would depend on what type of person you are and what kind of personality you have, because everyone should have their own opinion on everything, and no one should force their own opinion onto another human being. But in my opinion they s ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by Germans in 1940-41?

    For 57 days, the British cities were bombed heavily, with the German dropping an average of 250 tonnes of bombs in each attack. This was known as the Blitz, which came about for revenge against the British bombings of Munich and Berlin as well as for the failure of the battle of Britain.

  2. Battle Of Britain - The Popular Myth

    Winston Churchill's book Memoirs of the Second Word War was published in 1957, over 12 years after the end of the Second World War. Winston Churchill was the prime minister during the war and was a man held in high regard by a lot of people.

  1. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    Describe the effects of the Blitz on everyday life in Britain Everyday life in an urban area was severely affected by the German bombing campaign, from waking up and walking through the rubble and detritus of your neighbour's house (or indeed your own)

  2. Why were major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    Government limited food by rationing it. People were given ration books at the time of war. Evacuation- People were frightened and started leaving cities during wartime.' Night after night exodus went on', which means people, left their country for better and safer place. There was a massive amount of people who were leaving their country at time of evacuation.

  1. Britain in the Age of Total War, 1939-45.

    Source D shows people going through wreckages to look for some of their property as their houses were bombed and they are looking for whats left of their property. This is supported by source C but not B as source C shows the people with some of their belongings next

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    become the main focus, and Germany's only way to attack the British people and war production on their own soil. A huge German daytime attack of 1'200 planes, discovered by the British Radar system, was intercepted by Hurricanes and Spitfires and almost annihilated with many being damaged and barely getting

  1. Britain In theAge of Total War, 1939-1945 - why were the major cities of ...

    The British government had written a report saying they thought there would be 700 tons of bombs dropped on British cities every day and 600,000 deaths a year so they printed a million burial forms. At the beginning of the war the government banned people from sheltering on the underground

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germanys in 1940 - ...

    If Hitler wanted to attack Britain to surrender he should have continued with attacking the British airfields for a lot longer than he did. By defeating the royal Air Force he could have successfully prepared to invade. Based on this evidence I believe that even Hitler himself didn't even have

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work