• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41? The RAF won the Battle of Britain in the air by September 1940. The Luftwaffe failed to destroy the RAF and take control of the air over England so that they would be ready for the proposed German invasion and German soldiers could land safely in Britain. They decided to change their tactics and began the blitz. Blitz comes from the German word for lightning. It was a period of swift, sudden and intense bombing in London and other cities that continued until the following May. It usually involved both air and land forces. For the next consecutive 76 days, London was bombed either during the day or night. The main aim of the Blitz was to destroy the morale of the British people so that they would give in and surrender and cripple British industry. ...read more.

Middle

All of Britain would eventually be destroyed. Also the RAF was a big problem to Germany during the war, partly because the RAF was bombing Germany and because the RAF prevented Germany from crossing the Channel to invade Britain. If Germany could destroy the RAF then Britain was completely vulnerable to attack. Hitler wanted to get rid of all transport and factories because he wanted to damage the British war effort. By destroying the factories they had destroyed weapons and other military supplies from being made. The main aim was to disrupt production and delivery of supplies. This would slow down British armament production and begin an economic war. Hitler hoped that the British Armed Forces would simply run out of the things they needed to fight the war. Their main target cities were London, Birmingham, Bristol, Liverpool, Southampton, Sheffield, Cardiff, Hull, Plymouth, Belfast, Glasgow and Coventry. ...read more.

Conclusion

The aim of this type of bombing was to undermine a nation-state's ability to carry on with the war. Tactical bombing was also used. This was used to destroy troops, command and control facilities, air fields and ammunition dumps. The aim of this type of bombing was to defeat individual enemy military forces. The British were deeply psychologically affected by the German Strategic bombing campaign. For the first time in hundreds of years the British capital had been successfully attacked by an enemy. At first London's air defences could do little. The German bombers flew higher than 3600m because they knew that the searchlights were not effective at this height. The Blitz bombing destroyed homes, lives and families. Every major town and city in the British isles were attacked and by he end of the Blitz in 1941 43000 people were killed and 1.4 million people were made homeless by air raids across Britain. Life went on a normal as possible during the Blitz and the British morale was not destroyed. The government were not forced to surrender. ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Britain 1905-1951 section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Britain 1905-1951 essays

  1. Why did the Germans become involved in the Battle of Stalingrad?

    but Hitler believed that some of it was rightfully his because of the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. Not only had Russia got a vast amount of land, but it also had many natural resources, such as grain and oil which Hitler would love to get his hands on.

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by Germans in 1940-41?

    This was the wide disorder caused by Hitler and again, people began to turn against their own country. The final reason why major cities were bombed was to destroy morale. At this time of war and Blitz, people became very depressed, so more was put in place to make people happy and let them ignore the war.

  1. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    The Germans did bomb Coventry, and the damage done was worse than anyone could have ever imagined. The Germans did not invade, but if they had of done Britain would have been in a worse than average position, due not only to lack of men, but to lack of weapons and machinery.

  2. Why were major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41?

    These factors were affecting people's morale and its war effort. So as to prevent its citizen's war effort, hope and morale government applied censorships and used propagandas. 1. Censorship- The censorship bureau banned all newspapers photographs of wounded soldiers, dead air raid victims and houses destroyed by the Germans bombing.

  1. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940 - ...

    feared this preferred to take the risk of keeping their children with them. 3. In what ways did the British government attempt to hide the effects of the Blitz from the people of Britain? (20) Although the British public were not showing any signs of their morale lowering, the government

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940 - ...

    With this important tool Britain was able to warn the R.A.F of approaching raids. As well as attempting to terrify the civilian population the German High Command also chose to target major commercial and industrial areas, for example Coventry, the heart of Britain's industry was almost reduced to rubble in a single night.

  1. Britain In theAge of Total War, 1939-1945 - why were the major cities of ...

    they saw their homes being destroyed and their loved ones being killed, Hitler believed they would force their government to surrender and that was what he wanted. Hitler justified the Blitz by claming that the bombers were only hitting military targets, but most of German bombing was at night so

  2. Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the German's in 1940-41?

    Even when he ended the Blitz in main London, he still managed to destroy the maximum amount of people possible.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work