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Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41

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Introduction

Why were the major cities of Britain bombed by the Germans in 1940-41? The RAF won the Battle of Britain in the air by September 1940. The Luftwaffe failed to destroy the RAF and take control of the air over England so that they would be ready for the proposed German invasion and German soldiers could land safely in Britain. They decided to change their tactics and began the blitz. Blitz comes from the German word for lightning. It was a period of swift, sudden and intense bombing in London and other cities that continued until the following May. It usually involved both air and land forces. For the next consecutive 76 days, London was bombed either during the day or night. The main aim of the Blitz was to destroy the morale of the British people so that they would give in and surrender and cripple British industry. ...read more.

Middle

All of Britain would eventually be destroyed. Also the RAF was a big problem to Germany during the war, partly because the RAF was bombing Germany and because the RAF prevented Germany from crossing the Channel to invade Britain. If Germany could destroy the RAF then Britain was completely vulnerable to attack. Hitler wanted to get rid of all transport and factories because he wanted to damage the British war effort. By destroying the factories they had destroyed weapons and other military supplies from being made. The main aim was to disrupt production and delivery of supplies. This would slow down British armament production and begin an economic war. Hitler hoped that the British Armed Forces would simply run out of the things they needed to fight the war. Their main target cities were London, Birmingham, Bristol, Liverpool, Southampton, Sheffield, Cardiff, Hull, Plymouth, Belfast, Glasgow and Coventry. ...read more.

Conclusion

The aim of this type of bombing was to undermine a nation-state's ability to carry on with the war. Tactical bombing was also used. This was used to destroy troops, command and control facilities, air fields and ammunition dumps. The aim of this type of bombing was to defeat individual enemy military forces. The British were deeply psychologically affected by the German Strategic bombing campaign. For the first time in hundreds of years the British capital had been successfully attacked by an enemy. At first London's air defences could do little. The German bombers flew higher than 3600m because they knew that the searchlights were not effective at this height. The Blitz bombing destroyed homes, lives and families. Every major town and city in the British isles were attacked and by he end of the Blitz in 1941 43000 people were killed and 1.4 million people were made homeless by air raids across Britain. Life went on a normal as possible during the Blitz and the British morale was not destroyed. The government were not forced to surrender. ...read more.

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