• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month


Extracts from this document...


ICT AND BUSINESS Use of computers has brought profound change to business. The electronic office is an obvious example. In this, every desk in a business is likely to have a computer. The computers will be networked and have communications facilities. The work done in offices is usually; * receipt, * processing, * storage, * despatch Computers and ICT systems can do these things more efficiently and faster than manual systems. Businesses now advertise FAX numbers and email addresses prominently. This affects the number of letters sent by post but FAX and email cannot completely replace the postal service as original, hard-copy letters are still needed for legal reasons. Products can be ordered on-line via the internet and most businesses now have their own website. Electronic Data Interchange is used to send orders, pay invoices and transfer information generally. Employees are paid using electronic funds transfer. ICT AND MANUFACTURING Many industries now use Computer-Aided Manufacture (CAM), eg. cars are manufactured by robot welders and paint sprayers, Benetton manufactures clothes more quickly using CAD-CAM. The quality of computer-manufactured articles is more consistent and better, leading to greater productivity and reliability. Working conditions are often cleaner and safer. There may be shorter working hours but this could mean more reduncancies or redeployment. ...read more.


Treatments received and illnesses diagnosed are stored in patient records in computers. This has the advantages that relevant data can be quickly transmitted between health centre and related hospitals and that rapid access to patient data is possible by any doctor in a practice. When patients move, their records can be transmitted electronically to their new doctor, thus speeding up the transfer process. Expert Systems are used in medical diagnosis; they ask questions about symptoms and use the answers to make predictions as to the likely cause. Patients with embarassing complaints may be more forthcoming with such diagnosis. Computer-controlled ultra-sound and CAT scanners allow accurate screening of patients. X-Ray film is being replaced by on-screen digital images. Computer-controlled robotic arms are used for operations, eg. prostate gland surgery; this is more accurately and more quickly done than by conventional means. Monitoring of patients' heart rates, respiration rates, blood pressure are routinely measured by computers. Computers can be used to help the disabled communicate. This includes improvements to VDU displays for the partially sighted, text to speech for the vocally impaired, braille keyboards and printouts, touch screens, speech input. Artificial limbs are being developed that use computer control to make for more natural movement. ICT IN THE HOME ICT has made major changes in the home; * computer controlled washing machines, dishwashers, microwaves, * central heating ...read more.


They used a special, low-melting point metal to make the printing plates for newspapers. Today the same work is done from an office using DTP software and electronically controlled printers. Journalists can capture the news, write it up and typeset it in one operation, leading to much greater job flexibility. Automatic digital telephone exchanges have reduced the number of people needed to man switchboards. OCR and OMR mean that people are no longer needed to check examination answers or football pool entries. A few jobs have remained unchanged, eg. gardeners, plumbers. Some jobs have been retained but existing staff have had to be retrained, eg. bank clerks, secretaries. New industries that have arisen due to the influence of computers include, computer manufacturers, component manufacturers, consultancies, service engineers, call centres, programmers. In many industries improvements in communication mean that job location is no longer important: * Telecommuting, in which the worker operates from home, receives work via email and sends work back to head office via email, is commonplace. Video-conferencing is also possible. * Small businesses may find it cost-effective to be based in rural areas rather than in cities. There is now a danger that workers with IT skills will demand and get well-paid jobs, whereas those without IT skills may find it difficult to gain employment. This could have public-spending implications for future governments. ?? ?? ?? ?? Andrew Wareing. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE ICT Systems and Application section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE ICT Systems and Application essays

  1. The Advantages of Using ICT Over Manual Meethods. Using Paint and Access.

    then you choose how many copies do you want then you print. Open Access To open Microsoft access first you click on start then you click on Microsoft office then you go on access. Create table On Microsoft Access, click on File or New.

  2. Different types of technology How I use ICT at home and at school

    For example, computers are addictive but are less distractive as you can seclude yourself from them if you don't want to be distracted from doing something. While you can seclude yourself from a DS, the ability to just take it out and play it anywhere can become tempting and make you stop what you're doing and play the DS instead.

  1. Standalone vs networked computers

    Without procedures the security of the network might be comprised, as well as the health of the employees. Legislation such as the Data Protection Act and Computer Misuse Act may accidently be disobeyed. ADVANTAGES OF STAYING STANDALONE The advantages to keeping the current 5 machines set up as they are,

  2. Creating a computer system for a video rental shop

    * Rentals These are related as shown below (in normalised form illustrating many to one relationship from rentals table to the other three). These relationships will be confirmed in the database relationship facility. Data Requirement Definition (partial data dictionary) Video Attribute name Comments Data type and length Validation Video ID AutoNumber Unique Primary Key Video Name Text (50)

  1. Use of IT in schools

    Early on there would only be one or two, as they were very expensive, but numbers soon grew. From here, ICT's role in education has grown and grown until we have reached the point where almost every school and education institution has some sort of computer system in operation.

  2. Impact of ICT on the community

    have a poor quality so they can replace the old cameras with the latest CCTV cameras. They can have more CCTV cameras in the railways so people don't commit suicide and already in the past the number of suicide has decreased.

  1. I have been employed as an ICT consultant for DVD rentals, a business that ...

    * Columnar layout. * Command buttons. * Customized style. Design View: Data View: I have created the data entry form for the DVD Stock form. It has everything that I wanted originally: columnar layout, command buttons etc. DVD Rental Template: This is the template for the DVD Rental form; I created this template using Microsoft Word 2007.

  2. Analysis of an ICT system for a medical clinic.

    Also the re-stocking of medicine is not very effective, as the stock is only checked every other day, and is often subject to human error in counting. Medicine that is needed by many people quickly, such as painkillers for arthritis is often diminished in stock very fast, and the fact

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work