• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

ICT AND BUSINESS

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

ICT AND BUSINESS Use of computers has brought profound change to business. The electronic office is an obvious example. In this, every desk in a business is likely to have a computer. The computers will be networked and have communications facilities. The work done in offices is usually; * receipt, * processing, * storage, * despatch Computers and ICT systems can do these things more efficiently and faster than manual systems. Businesses now advertise FAX numbers and email addresses prominently. This affects the number of letters sent by post but FAX and email cannot completely replace the postal service as original, hard-copy letters are still needed for legal reasons. Products can be ordered on-line via the internet and most businesses now have their own website. Electronic Data Interchange is used to send orders, pay invoices and transfer information generally. Employees are paid using electronic funds transfer. ICT AND MANUFACTURING Many industries now use Computer-Aided Manufacture (CAM), eg. cars are manufactured by robot welders and paint sprayers, Benetton manufactures clothes more quickly using CAD-CAM. The quality of computer-manufactured articles is more consistent and better, leading to greater productivity and reliability. Working conditions are often cleaner and safer. There may be shorter working hours but this could mean more reduncancies or redeployment. ...read more.

Middle

Treatments received and illnesses diagnosed are stored in patient records in computers. This has the advantages that relevant data can be quickly transmitted between health centre and related hospitals and that rapid access to patient data is possible by any doctor in a practice. When patients move, their records can be transmitted electronically to their new doctor, thus speeding up the transfer process. Expert Systems are used in medical diagnosis; they ask questions about symptoms and use the answers to make predictions as to the likely cause. Patients with embarassing complaints may be more forthcoming with such diagnosis. Computer-controlled ultra-sound and CAT scanners allow accurate screening of patients. X-Ray film is being replaced by on-screen digital images. Computer-controlled robotic arms are used for operations, eg. prostate gland surgery; this is more accurately and more quickly done than by conventional means. Monitoring of patients' heart rates, respiration rates, blood pressure are routinely measured by computers. Computers can be used to help the disabled communicate. This includes improvements to VDU displays for the partially sighted, text to speech for the vocally impaired, braille keyboards and printouts, touch screens, speech input. Artificial limbs are being developed that use computer control to make for more natural movement. ICT IN THE HOME ICT has made major changes in the home; * computer controlled washing machines, dishwashers, microwaves, * central heating ...read more.

Conclusion

They used a special, low-melting point metal to make the printing plates for newspapers. Today the same work is done from an office using DTP software and electronically controlled printers. Journalists can capture the news, write it up and typeset it in one operation, leading to much greater job flexibility. Automatic digital telephone exchanges have reduced the number of people needed to man switchboards. OCR and OMR mean that people are no longer needed to check examination answers or football pool entries. A few jobs have remained unchanged, eg. gardeners, plumbers. Some jobs have been retained but existing staff have had to be retrained, eg. bank clerks, secretaries. New industries that have arisen due to the influence of computers include, computer manufacturers, component manufacturers, consultancies, service engineers, call centres, programmers. In many industries improvements in communication mean that job location is no longer important: * Telecommuting, in which the worker operates from home, receives work via email and sends work back to head office via email, is commonplace. Video-conferencing is also possible. * Small businesses may find it cost-effective to be based in rural areas rather than in cities. There is now a danger that workers with IT skills will demand and get well-paid jobs, whereas those without IT skills may find it difficult to gain employment. This could have public-spending implications for future governments. ?? ?? ?? ?? Andrew Wareing. 1 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE ICT Systems and Application section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE ICT Systems and Application essays

  1. Different types of technology How I use ICT at home and at school

    Games cost quite a bit, up to �30 each brand new. This can amount to quite a lot. It can be also seen as unfair as Nintendo DS games are rather bad in quality and graphics compared to console or PSP games which are in the same price range.

  2. AO4 ICT c/wk 2008-9

    * Secretaries- before the mid 1980's typewriters were the only means of typing, this meant that the typist had to be very skilled as mistakes are hard to rectify. The typewriter, being a very aged way of typing, has no type of formatting settings, meaning that if you wanted to

  1. How is ICT used in schools and what are the effects?

    Weber enveloped cpfc121's structuration . Using computers for a long period of time can have health risk: radiation, backache, wrist pain and eyesight. Kvr from Kvr coursewrok Kvr work Kvr info Kvr The codes and practise rules must be identified for use with software, for example, the copying of software is illegal (computer misuse act).

  2. Impact of ICT on the community

    Deciding what's best for you depends on factors such as your personal circumstances and what you enjoy doing. If you're unsure about what you want to do next, we can learn direct can help you. How Learn Direct works? Learn direct can help you in lots of different ways they

  1. How is ICT used in schools and what are the effects?

    or magnets because they could destroy the disk. What rules and regulations need to be put into place to use ICT? Teachers will need to restrict Internet usage and put filters on offensive pages. This prevents them from being shown to students.

  2. The Advantages of Using ICT Over Manual Meethods. Using Paint and Access.

    After you have done this you select the row beneath it where it says validation text and then you enter the following (Please enter only Male or Female). Creating Queries First you select Microsoft Access then you open it.

  1. Use of IT in schools

    Gave 5 out at Trent Park Campus Received only 3 back. 10th October 2002 Found the website www.ictineducation.org Found several articles related to the use of ICT in education, some of which are helpful. 14th October 2002 Phoned Mr DePutron, Head of IT at Belmont Primary school about using his school in the study.

  2. a level ict project

    query opens in design view Design view of commission calculator appears T35 Verify the employee/customer address query macro runs appropriately Employee/Customer address search query opens in design view Design view of query appears T36 Verify the garage job query macro works correctly Garage job query opens in design view Design

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work