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  • Level: GCSE
  • Subject: Maths
  • Word count: 7844

Is there a difference between male and female conversational styles in today's society?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

Ashia Begum-P25541        Page         5/10/2007

By Ashia Begum

Candidate Number:        5541

Centre Number:        15247

A2/English Language Coursework

Total Word Count:        3,659

Is there

image01.png

a difference

between male

and female

image02.png

conversational

styles

in today’s

society?

Introduction

Is there a difference between male and female conversational styles in today’s society?        

My aim is to analyse whether the theories proposed by linguists that men are more dominant than women are in fact true of seventeen year olds today, or whether they are outdated due to changes in society e.g. gender roles and stereotypes.

        I have chosen this particular area of study as I find the way in which linguists categorise “gender talk” to be very intriguing. Gender differences are demonstrated in the way that males and females interact with each other during a conversational situation. It is a stereotyped belief that women talk a lot more than men; however some researchers (Fishman) have found that men talk twice as much as women in a       mixed-sex conversation. Women are said to take a more co-operative approach during conversation, for example they make an effort to include others, and are more willing to discuss issues raised by others. Whereas men are likely to interrupt more, ignore others and are reluctant to talk about topics introduced by other people, consequently taking a competitive approach to conversation.

        I have looked at research in particular aspects of conversation that will be relevant to my study:

Turn-taking: Zimmerman and West concluded from their research that interruptions are used as a control device (the dominance model) and that in mixed-sex conversations men are more likely to interrupt than women.

Difference Model:Deborah Tannen found that men grow up in a world in which conversation is competitive-they seek to achieve the upper hand or to prevent others from dominating them.

...read more.

Middle

The interruption here occurred when D.K was talking about “love marriages” and before he could finish what he was saying S.R interrupted him with a different topic.

In the mixed conversation:

J.B:        cultural yeah it is better I’m not saying disagreeing wiv dat

S.M:                                                                                     it’s jus dat your manipulated by society

The interruption here occurred when J.B was talking about “culture” and before she could finish what she was saying S.M interrupted her by criticising her opinion.

  • Overlaps

Male

Female

Mixed

Number of overlaps

18

19

17

image08.png

Are instances of slight over anticipation by the next speaker: instead of beginning to speak immediately following current speaker’s turn, next speaker begins to speak at the very end of current speaker’s turn, overlapping the last word.

The overlaps in the female conversation were a form of what [9]Jennifer Coates identified as “duetting” which is commonly found in female speech; where the next speaker comes in at the end of the transitional relevance place to finish of the previous speakers grammatical unit. I suppose the use of overlaps is evenly distributed throughout the three conversations and all serve the same purpose of duetting.

For example in the female conversation:

S.K:        yeah but with love marriage you know the person as your boyfriend not as your husband

A.B:                                     yeah that’s what I always believe in that (.) because with your boyfriend you have your fun and everything (.) and once you’re in that house with him he expects you to be there and he knows he’s got you

Here A.B has waited for S.K to finish what she has said and then comes in with her statement.

In the male conversation:

S.B:        you said that love marriage right (.) you know the person before you get married do

...read more.

Conclusion

        yeah

J.B:exactly

[J.H laughs]

N.B:        they’re gonna bless you wiv (.) you’re gonna be alright

J.B:        exactly so explain what’s the problem wiv love marriages

S.M:        in love marriages the fire burns out coz you start

N.B:                                                                how do you know that

J.B:        yeah not necessarily

S.M:        not necessarily but they do (.) in love marriages (.) you start loving each other         at the beginning before the marriage

J.B:        oh whatever I know plenty of arranged marriages (.) that haven’t worked out

S.M:        that’s their fault init

[J.H laughs]

J.B:        there you go again (.) then why you sayin arranged marriages is all good (.) and all that coz it’s not

N.B:        Jas is right and you’re wrong

S.B:        nah nah nah arranged marriages is our culture yeah

J.H:        yeah she’s right

N.B:        nooooo

J.B:        how is she right (.) you shut up (reference to J.H) I fink I’m right

[everyone laughs]

J.B:        go on say how they’re right

(silence for 5 secs)

S.M:        cultural way I say dat

J.B:cultural yeah it is better I’m not saying disagreeing wiv dat

S.M:                it’s jus dat your manipulated by society

J.B:        [shouts] no I’m not (.) I jus disagree wiv arranged marriages (.) I disagree

S.M:        but Islamically also (.) love marriage is wrong

S.B:        yeah it’s wrong (.) it’s against our religion

J.B:        I can’t argue wiv dat (.) but I still stand by my opinion


[1]Internet (Google Search-Language and Gender)

[2]Pg 93-AS & A2 English Language

[3] -pg 130-‘Women, Men and Language’-Jennifer Coates

[4]- pg-119-        ‘Women, Men and Language’-Jennifer Coates

[5]-pg-120-‘Women, Men and Language’-Jennifer Coates

[6]pg 115-Women, Men and Language’-Jennifer Coates

[7]pg 122-Women, Men and Language’-Jennifer Coates

[8]pg109- Women, Men and Language’-Jennifer Coates

[9]Internet (Google Search-Language and Gender)

[10]Internet (Google Search-Language and Gender)

[11]Internet (Google Search-Language and Gender)

[12]Pg 52-AS & A2 English Language

...read more.

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