• Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

To what extent had Liberal Italy satisfied the needs of Italians by 1914?

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

To what extent had Liberal Italy satisfied the needs of Italians by 1914? Liberal Italy came about with the unification of Italy in 1870. To make a successful country you need a good political system, economic and social stability, a successful foreign policy as well as support from leading groups in society, which in Italy's case was the Catholic Church. It is also very important not to create new enemies within the country, as they can hinder the successful development of a country purely by influence alone. To ask how and to what extent Liberal Italy satisfied the needs of Italians all these points need to be addressed in order to build up a picture of what the Liberal government did and did not do in order to improve the Italians lives up until 1914. The political system in Liberal Italy was not really a 'part of Italy.' There was 'legal Italy' (Parliament and political class) and 'real Italy' (the masses, ordinary people) and each side had little to do with the other. The Liberal Political system did not include everyone, in fact only a 2% minority of the Italian population were able to vote. This meant that ordinary people, such as industrial and farm workers were not able to get their voices heard and the Government remained in the hands of the ...read more.

Middle

The development of the industry in the North in the 1880s and 1890s was corresponded to the founding of trade unions and co-operative organisations. Many of these groups became involved in the Socialist-controlled General Confederation of Labour (CGL). This movement developed, and by 1900 there was an organised Socialist party, the PSI (Italian Socialist Party). The Socialists held the belief in country where the good of the people as a whole is stressed over individual rights, and in some forms is seen as a step on the way to communism. The Socialist party began winning seats in Parliament, and by 1913 he PSI was winning over twenty percent of the total vote. Within the political (PSI) and the industrial (CGL) wings of the labour movement, there were splits between moderates and revolutionaries. The moderates argued that peaceful pressure could gain reforms, while the revolutionaries argued that the PSI should strive to achieve its full programme. There was another group known as the Syndicalists, who believed that unions should organise strike to overthrow the system, some of their ideas would later contribute to Fascism. The development of the Socialists frightened people in Italy, especially because of it being associated in communism, which is the belief in a society where all are equal and there is no private property. ...read more.

Conclusion

Looking at all the evidence and events that occurred after the unification of Italy in 1890 I conclude that Liberal Italy did satisfy Italians, but only to a certain extent, as there were many unresolved issues by 1914. I think that the fact that 'Red Week' took place in June 1914 highlights that there are a number of issues that the Liberal government failed to satisfy. There were many opposition groups to the Liberal government, including the Catholic Church and Socialists. The Catholic Church was particularly important because it held such a major influence over the Italian population. The Socialists were gradually becoming more of a problem, because of the growth of the party, especially towards 1914. Many people would have looked to the Socialists after finding little satisfaction with the Liberal government. Besides the fact that there was a certain degree of dissatisfaction amongst Italy's population, the Liberal government was not all bad and did improve some areas of people's lives, and it was Giolitti in particular that made the most changes with his reforms. So it is not fair to say that Liberal Italy did not satisfy the needs of Italians, but nor is it correct to say that Liberal Italy did satisfy the needs of Italians. Liberal Italy satisfied some of the needs of Italians, but it could have done a lot more to improve their lives up until the year of 1914. ?? ?? ?? ?? Fiona Henderson 127 ...read more.

The above preview is unformatted text

This student written piece of work is one of many that can be found in our GCSE Politics section.

Found what you're looking for?

  • Start learning 29% faster today
  • 150,000+ documents available
  • Just £6.99 a month

Not the one? Search for your essay title...
  • Join over 1.2 million students every month
  • Accelerate your learning by 29%
  • Unlimited access from just £6.99 per month

See related essaysSee related essays

Related GCSE Politics essays

  1. 'We have made Italy, now we must make Italians' How successful had the Liberal ...

    Italy was had virtually no coal, iron and minerals and oil was only discovered by 1950. The value of foreign trade as a result was significantly less than other leading European countries ($5.7 billion compared to Britain by 1913.)

  2. Free essay

    Consider the view that the liberal government reforms 1906-1914 were more concerned with the ...

    Again the bill had to be levelled out in order to grant just enough leeway to head of socialist advance. Therefore it did not meet the requirements of the Labour party, as they stressed that many individuals would not live past seventy, therefore would not be able to enjoy the scheme.

  1. The Negative Impact Of World War 1 On Italy: Weaknesses Of The Liberal State, ...

    Returning peasant soldiers, with the support of the Catholics, seized common land. The Liberals were becoming associated with instability, inefficiency and poor living standards. They were alienating large sections of the lower classes as Italy appeared to lurch from one crisis to the next.

  2. How has the role and impact of military rulers and civilian politicians differed in ...

    Bhutto was quite a popular leader. One of the biggest achievement that Bhutto got and that was a serious demand of Pakistan was the release of 93,000 solders by India. A summit was held in Simla in which the two countries agreed on the release of POWs.

  1. Malta at the turn of the 19th Century.

    The French had now under control a country that was quite instable but with their efficiency it was well organised in few months time, thus threatening the British stay in Malta. In fact the British realised this fact and where quite alarmed that an empire that had already ruled Malta ruled a neighbouring country.

  2. personal exercis programme

    Before doing the multistage fitness test, I measured my resting heart rate (RHR). I measure it by counting my pulse for fifteen seconds, then multiplying the result by four. My resting heart rate was 64 beats per minute (bpm). I did the multistage fitness test and reached level ten.

  1. Free essay

    Reforms of Turkey under Mustafa Ataturk, with regards to the revelutions from above

    or a Muslim, rather than being Turkish, however, some of the population did regard themselves as Turkish and Ottoman, and there were even religious segregation as some referred to themselves as Sunni Muslim or Shia Muslim. What can be identified here that there is no common allegiance which unified the population under one shared umbrella.

  2. To What Extent Did Socialism and Syndicalism Threaten the Establishment 1910-1914?

    new Liberal Prime Minister, Sir Henry Campbell-Bannerman, as 'a mere cork dancing in a current which he could not control,' referring to the Labour Party. Though this is likely to have been simply a bitter, scathing remark by Balfour, he was right to recognise the significance of the growing Labour Party.

  • Over 160,000 pieces
    of student written work
  • Annotated by
    experienced teachers
  • Ideas and feedback to
    improve your own work