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Love and relationships in Hinduism and Islam.

Extracts from this document...

Introduction

In Hinduism and Islam Contents Page Hinduism Beliefs.............................................................................................Page 3 Marriage ceremonies and symbols.....................................Page 4 Divorce..........................................................................................Page 5 Chastity, Celibacy and Contraception...........................Page 6 The Roles of Men and Women........................................Page 7 Islam Beliefs.............................................................................................Page 8 Marriage ceremonies and symbols....................................Page 9 Divorce........................................................................................Page 14 Chastity, Celibacy and Contraception........................Page 15 The Roles of Men and Women....................................Page 16 Glossary.......................................................................................Page 17 Bibliography.............................................................................Page 18 Hinduism - Beliefs The world's third largest religion is Hinduism. But it is the oldest. So it is expected for this religion to have many marriage beliefs and traditions. They will be explained in this booklet. Hinduism emphasises the positive value of sexuality by depicting ideal relationships e.g. like Rama and Sita from the epic 'The Ramayana'. This poem offers the image of religious devotion and it also provides an example for people to follow. For Hindus everywhere it is believed that if they do not fulfil their religious duties they will not release the souls from earth after death. For a man these duties include marriage. For Hindu's, marriage is when a male passes from adolescence to man. Hinduism also teaches that that sex should be confined to within a marriage. But for a marriage to take place your partner should be of the same caste and should therefore be Hindu. Textual evidence of this is in Yajnavalkya 82: 'A woman should be given pleasure and respected by her husband.' There is also more evidence in Yajnavalkya 83: 'A woman should show devotion to her husband' these show that it expected of Hindu women to show total loyalty to her husband. So it is unlikely Hindu women ever have affairs and disobey their husband's wishes. Hinduism - Marriage ceremonies and symbols Hindus believe that marriage is an important for men and women; choosing to stay single is not encouraged. The society within Hinduism regards a marriage a bond between two families rather than a bond between the individual man and women. ...read more.

Middle

The couples were not allowed to see each other at all before the wedding night. Therefore a number of unofficial arrangements were made for the groom to see the future bride accidentally or watching from behind doors or curtains. Pre-nuptial agreements could take a long time. Once an agreement was reached then the guests would be served with sweets but not beforehand. In a few days the bride would receive an engagement ring and a shawl. Then the female relatives on both sides would visit the bride, and one of groom's relatives other than his mother placed the ring in bride's hand and the shawl on her back. There would be dancing. Segregation of sexes due to religious codes of behaviour was observed. . Modern Muslims place sweets and candies in small satin hanker kerchiefs or lace for the guests to take home. One such account is mentioned at the marriage of the daughter of the famous Barmakid Minister Jafar at the court of Abasid Caliphs. In this account special little wax balls were filled with coins or names of slaves or even title to properties. The couple was showered with these and people who got the balls would claim their presents later on. Three days before the actual wedding the bride would be taken to female beauticians or was visited by them at home for the ritual of removing body hair. A significant rite of passage this marked the passage from girlhood to womanhood. Unmarried women would not remove their body hair or pluck their eyebrows, the most visible sign that a woman was married. This was done three days before to make sure any allergic reaction and redness of face and body parts would be healed by wedding day. Facial hair, all hair from under arms, legs even stomach and back hair were removed by using special threads that once moved in certain fashion would remove the hair right from the root. ...read more.

Conclusion

And so because of t his view contraception is not welcome. But under certain circumstances that would regard the mothers or baby's health or whether or not it be properly looked after then it would be allowed. For Muslims sexual intercourse is an act of worship that fulfils emotional need and as well as being the means of procreation. Sexual activity outside of marriage is forbidden and so men are forbidden to be alone with women except their wives just in case they do not resist the temptation. Islam - The Roles of Men and Women ''O Mankind, keep your duty to your Lord who created you from a single soul and from it created its mate (of same kind) and from them twain has spread a multitude of men and women" (Quran 4: 1). The Quran provides clear-cut evidence that a woman is completely equated with man in the sight of God in terms of her rights and responsibilities. Many Muslims have adopted the Judeo-Christian ethic which views women as the source of human tragedy because of her alleged biblical role as the temptress who seduced Adam into disobedience to his Lord. By tempting her husband to eat the forbidden fruit, she not only defied Allah, but also caused humankind's expulsion from Paradise, thus instigating all temporal human suffering. Woman, according to the Quran, is not blamed for Adam's first mistake. Both were jointly wrong in their disobedience to Allah, both repented, and both were forgiven The woman in Islamic law is equal to her male counterpart. She is as liable for her actions as a male is liable. Her testimony is demanded and valid in court. Her opinions are sought and acted upon. A woman is given the role of a mother; a role that Islam gives the highest respect to after Allah. People who disobey their mothers are held in God's eyes as the worst type of sinners. According to Islam the responsibilities of a woman are equal to those of a man but they complement each other and should not be competitive. ...read more.

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