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RE Course work, Hajj

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RE Course work, Hajj Karla Davies, Centre number 25210 (JCC) Candidate number A01 Hajj means " to set out for a definite purpose" in this case making the journey to Makkah at least once in your life time. The prophet Muhammad (pbuh) is the only person that Allah revealed his revelations to in the form of the Qu'ran, making the Qu'ran the Muslim holy book. During the month a Dhul Hijjah Muslims make a pilgrimage to Makkah, which is situated in Saudi Arabia,, Hajj takes place on the 8TH to the 13TH in the Islamic lunar month, because it is a lunar month Hajj comes 11 days earlier each year. They go to Makkah because not only was Muhammad (pbuh) born there, but the Ka'bah is there in the sacred Mosque, Al-Masjid Al-Haram Sharif. The Ka'bah was built over the ruins of the shrine that Adam built for Allah. There are many legends about the black stone in the eastern corner of the building, some say that the angel Jibril came down from heaven and gave the stone to Isma'il, who then placed it in the corner. Others say it was given to Adam as a white stone, but later turned black due to peoples sins. On the other hand some believe that it is actually the head stone from Adams grave on Mount Abu Qubais and moved of its own accord to the eastern corner of the Ka'bah, however it got there it is revered as a sacred object by Muslims through out the world. ...read more.


So many married couples will travel together, but stay in separate accommodation. From the moment they change into Ihram the pilgrims Recite, at every opportunity they get , the Talbiyah. The word they will recite throughout Hajj go as follows; 'Labbaik Allahumma Labbaik. Labbaik, La Shareek Laka, Labbaik. Innal Hamdah, Wan Nematah, Laka wal Mulk, La Shareek Laka.' Translated this means; "Here I am at Thy service O Lord, here I am. Here I am at Thy service and Thou hast no partners. Thine alone is All Praise and All Bounty, and Thine alone is The Sovereignty. Thou hast no partners." A02 Muslims arrive at Makkah (after normally flying there unless they live in Saudi Arabia near Makkah), by busses, by foot, by taxi, any way possible, the pilgrims recite the Talbiyah, men shout the words and women recite them quietly. They speak the Talbiyah in Arabic, enforcing the feeling of unity among the pilgrims. Pilgrims feel excited, and unified as they arrive at Makkah. The origins of Hajj date back to the times of Adam an Hawwa' (Eve) after being separated for two hundred years due to there disobedience in Al-jannah (paradise) they prayed in genuine repentance and were reunited on the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah on the mount of mercy. Adam then built a holy building in, which is now believed to be the ruins on which the Ka'bah stands, after there forgiveness and being reunited, the angel jibril guided them in performing the first Hajj. ...read more.


At the last minute Allah intervened in the sacrifice, and provided a ram for the sacrifice. The pilgrims also throw the stones at the "jamarat" they are showing there own rejection of the devil. Hajj officially ends here and the festival of Id-ul-Adha also known as "the day of sacrifice" takes place. At this festival animals are sacrificed to Allah, Muslims who did not go on the Hajj can also join in with this sacrifice at there own homes. A third of the meat is eaten by the family that bought it, a third is given to friends and relatives, and a third to the poor. The sacrifice represents the temptations of Ibrahim and Isma'il. If Muslims which to they may circle the Ka'bah a further eight times before leaving Makkah, and visit the tomb of the prophet Muhammad, which is situated in medina, the second holiest city in Saudi Arabia, as this is the place where he had his first vision at the age of 40, and was later buried. Some then go to other places important to the Islamic faith, however this is not an extension of the Hajj. On completion of the Hajj the male pilgrims are Hajji, and the females, Hajja. This shows the pilgrims have fulfilled there promise and completed there once in a life time journey. Some pilgrims repeat the Hajj, until there very old, it is considered a blessing to die on Hajj, so there is no fear of dieing on Hajj. On returning home the Hajji's or Hajja's may have a deeper religious commitment and there behaviours towards people may change and be more considerate. Bibiliography. ...read more.

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